Petroleum products

Xem 1-20 trên 50 kết quả Petroleum products
  • Petroleum products are everywhere around us. They appear in visible forms, such as gasoline, diesel, kerosene, and aircraft fuels, and in less visible forms over the entire spectrum of industry, such as automobile lubricants, greases, carbon black for truck tires, bitumen for road building, the waterproofing in house roofs, feedstock for petrochemicals, synthetic fibers, and plastics. Petroleum feedstock is used in the manufacture of white mineral oils in eye ointment, hair oils, cosmetics, petroleum solvents, and pest control sprays....

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  • References to oil and gas production handbook, author Virgil B. Guthrie. Hopefully documents provide useful knowledge for engineering and technology students specializing in chemical industry - oil and gas.

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  • 1. Scope* 1.1 This test method is intended for use on any petroleum product. 2 A procedure suitable for black specimens, cylinder stock, and nondistillate fuel oil is described in 8.8. A procedure for testing the fluidity of a residual fuel oil at a specified temperature is described in Appendix X1. 1.2 Several ASTM test methods offering alternative proce- dures for determining pour points using automatic apparatus are available. None of them share the same designation number as Test Method D 97.

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  • Saad Ibrahim has over 30 years of diversified experience in the Petroleum Industry in Western Canada and internationally, including projects in Libya, Yemen, Kazakstan, Venezuela and Argentina, with special expertise in reservoir engineering with emphasis on field development planning, evaluation of depletion strategies and production optimization of a wide spectrum of oil and gas fields.

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  • Used by corporate training departments, colleges and universities worldwide, this is the most complete upstream guide available. Hyne provides an easy-to-understand explanation of complex topics with pictures, graphs and illustrations covering everything on how oil and gas is formed; how to find commercial quantities; how to drill, evaluate and complete a well; all the way through production and improved oil recovery.

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  • Sewage sludge as an uncalled for product of wastewater treatment poses the challenge to society of disposing of it, but at the same time gives us the opportunity of beneficial use by closing the cycle of nutrients: sludge derived from agricultural activity must return to soil if a sustainable and ecologically sound management of these materials is desirable (SEQUI et al. 2000). At present the major ways of disposing of sewage sludges are deposition, landfill and incineration, only part of the sludges are used in agriculture. ...

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  • For certain commodities, such as wheat and cotton, the farmers can get Government nonrecourse loans. The farmers can redeem the loans and sell when prices are good. Or they may permit the Government to take title to the commodity at the loan-maturity date; then the farmers have received the benefit of the full loan value. The Government assumes all market price risk below the loan value. Another device is to sell products for later delivery. A wheat miller might sell flour to bakeries for later delivery at the price prevailing when he...

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  • TCVN 4606 1988. Đường ống chính dẫn dầu và sản phẩm dầu – Quy phạm thi công và nghiệm thu (Main pipelines for transporing petroleum and petroleum products - Codes for construction, check and acceptance).

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  • In the early years of oil drilling and production, wells were primarily drilled on land to moder- ate depths and with relatively minor horizontal offsets, and an empirical understanding of the impact of geological forces and Earth material properties on required drilling practice was de- veloped by region. Successful practices were defined by trial and (sometimes costly and spectacular) error.

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  • Since the Second World War, and especially since the publication of Rachel Carson’s Silent Spring in 1962, there has been growing concern about contamination of the environment by “man-made” chemicals. These chemicals may be present in industrial and municipal effluents, in consumer or commercial products, in mine tailings, in petroleum products, and in gaseous emissions. Some chemicals such as pesticides may be specifically designed to kill biota present in natural or agricultural ecosystems. They may be organic, inorganic, metallic, or radioactive in nature.

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  • Hydrogen and synthesis gas (syngas) are indispensable in chemical, oil, and energy industries. They are important building blocks and serve as feedstocks for the production of chemicals such as ammonia and methanol. Hydrogen is used in petroleum refi neries to produce clean transportation fuels, and its consumption is expected to increase dramatically in the near future as refi ners need to process increasingly heavier and sour crudes.

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  • In the next instant, a frightening figure surged from beneath the water. Formed of the rats’ bones, the creature stood eight feet tall, built square and broad-chested as an ape. It stood on bowed legs that were whitely visible through the murky water. Instead of two arms, the bone creature possessed four, all longer than the legs. When it closed its hands, horns formed of ribs and rats’ teeth stuck out of the creature’s fists, rendering them into morningstars for all intents and purposes. The horns looked sharp-edged, constructed for slashing as well as stabbing.

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  • Ethanol use has also been boosted by the U.S. Clean Air Act and its various progressions. Originally, the Clean Air Act required wintertime use of oxygenated fuels in some urban areas to ensure more complete burning of petroleum fuels. Since ethanol contains 35 percent oxygen, this requirement of the act could be met by using an ethanol-containing blend. The current Energy Act eliminates the need for oxygenates per se in RFG, but it speci- fies the minimum amount of renewable fuels to be added to gasoline....

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  • Gas chromatography has been and it still is, one of the key tools in analytical techniques in many of the advanced research carried out over the globe. This technique has contributed tremendously and was once the main technique in the analysis of specific compounds like volatile compounds, certain pesticides, pharmaceuticals and petroleum products. The advance of this technique has resulted in several tandem instruments with application of other techniques to enhance the results obtained by gas chromatography.

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  • The major source of liquid fuels is crude petroleum; other sources are shale and tar sands. Synthetic hydrocarbon fuels—gasoline and methanol—can be made from coal and natural gas. Ethanol, some of which is used as an automotive fuel, is derived from vegetable matter.

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  • Major oil spills attract the attention of the public and the media. In recent years, this attention has created a global awareness of the risks of oil spills and the damage they do to the environment. However, oil is a necessity in our industrial society, and a major sustainer of our lifestyle. Most of the energy used in Canada and the United States is for transportation that runs on oil and petroleum products. According to trends in energy usage, this is not likely to decrease much in the future.

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  • Th e ste el industry is one of man y major wo rl d industries exte nsively restructured in th is era of globalizatio n. The Global Restructuring of the Steel Indu stry explains how and why th e steel ind ustry has shifted from advanced ca pita list countries to late ind ustria lizing countries. Drawing upon case studies of th e steel industr y in th e US, Japan, South Korea, Brazil and India, Anthony P.D'Costa examines the relationship between industri al cha nge and institutional responses to techn ological diffusion....

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  • The main objective of the Citizen's Charter is to improve the quality of public services. This is done by letting people know the mandate of the Corporation, how one can get in touch with its officials, what to expect by way of services and how to seek a remedy if something goes wrong. The Citizen’s Charter does not by itself create new legal rights, but it surely helps in enforcing existing rights.

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  • industrialisation strategies adopted and economic policies followed have shown great differences before and after 1980. An import substitution policy had been implemented until 1980. However, after 1980, significant progress has been made towards establishing the principles and fundamentals of a market economy through the introduction of export-oriented industrialisation. These reforms made significant contribution to the dynamism of the private sector and improved the adaptability of Turkish economy to internal and external impacts.

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  • Welcome to this 31st edition of the Transportation Energy Data Book. This edition builds on a 36-year tradition of Data Books supported by Philip Patterson, whose recent retirement marked the end of an era for a long-time asset and shining example both for the Department of Energy (DOE) and the transportation energy community. Twenty-two editions of this Data Book have been produced by Stacy Davis; DOE is grateful for the dedication, consistency, and skill she has brought to this effort....

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