Xem 1-16 trên 16 kết quả Pharmaceutical wastes
  • Environmental managers, engineers, and scientists who have had experience with industrial and hazardous waste management problems have noted the need for a handbook that is comprehensive in its scope, directly applicable to daily waste management problems of specific industries, and widely acceptable by practicing environmental professionals and educators.

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  • Environmental managers, engineers, and scientists who have had experience with hazardous industrial waste problems have noted the need for a book that is comprehensive in its scope, directly applicable to daily hazardous industrial waste treatment, and widely acceptable by practicing environmental professionals and educators

    pdf494p 951628473 07-05-2012 60 22   Download

  • Environmental managers, engineers, and scientists who have had experience with process industry waste management problems have noted the need for a book that is comprehensive in its scope, directly applicable to daily waste management problems of the industry, and widely acceptable by practicing environmental professionals and educators.

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  • The detection of pharmaceutical residues remained elusive until instruments such as liquid chromatography and mass spectrometry became commonplace in environmental laboratories. The documentation of the occurrence of pharmaceutical residues and endocrine disrupting chemicals in water resources has raused questions about their long-term effects in the ecosystem and their potential effects on human health.

    pdf382p 951628473 04-05-2012 74 35   Download

  • The pharmaceutical industry manufactures biological products, medicinal chemicals, botanical products, and the pharmaceutical products covered by Standard Industrial Classification Code Numbers 2831, 2833, and 2834, as well as other commodities. The industry is characterized by a diversity of products, processes, plant sizes, as well as wastewater quantity and quality. In fact, the pharmaceutical industry represents a range of industries with operations and processes as diverse as its products.

    pdf67p ut_hai_can 29-12-2012 79 5   Download

  • The goal of the National Drug Policy is to provide right drugs to the right patients in the right quantity at the right time and affordable prices. The Ministry of Health and Social Welfare (MOH&SW) has been making effort to achieve this goal through various ways including receiving donations from various donors during emergency situation or as development aid. Unfortunately, there have been no official guidelines to assist the donors and recipients on Good Donation Practices.

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  • This book covers multiple topics of Ergonomics following a systems approach, analysing the relationships between workers and their work environment from different but complementary standpoints. The chapters focused on Physical Ergonomics address the topics upper and lower limbs as well as low back musculoskeletal disorders and some methodologies and tools that can be used to tackle them.

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  • The organisation of sewers and systems is closely related to the different types of industry and, as a result, a whole array of configurations exist. In all cases, it is essential to avoid unnecessary dilution during treatment.

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  • Ergonomics, also known as Human Factors, is a recent scientific discipline, curiously with a well‐defined and official date and place of birth, July 12, 1949, in England. However the term Ergonomics, was proposed in 1857, by the Polish philosopher and naturalist Wojciech Jastrzebowski and fell into oblivion for nearly a century. The word Ergonomics results from joining the Greek words ergon meaning ʺworkʺ and nomos meaning ʺnatural lawsʺ, and conveys the concern of understanding the relationships between humans and their work environment....

    pdf243p aries23 29-09-2012 39 11   Download

  • Suppose we have a function f (x) where the variable x may be a vector of many dimensions. We seek the point x∗ such that f (x∗) is the maximum value among all possible f (x). This point x∗ is called the global optimum of the function f (x). It is possible that x∗ is a unique point but it is also possible that there are several points that share the maximal value f (x∗). Optimization is a field of mathematics that concerns itself with finding the point x∗ given the function f (x).

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  • It is interesting to look at the major sources of waste from within the chemical industry. Bulk chemical production is normally thought of as a ‘dirty’ industry and historically this has been the case. As the industry became more competitive, more economic processes needed to be developed and it became unacceptable (and non- viable) to produce the same amount of waste as 30 years ago. Today it is the speciality and pharmaceutical industries which produce most waste (at least...

    pdf116p layon_5 30-03-2013 25 9   Download

  • Due to this very detrimental environmental hazard experienced during this period by Zanzibar islands, with very sensitive and fragile ecosystem the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare in collaboration with WHO decided to develop these official and very comprehensive guidelines based on the National Drug Policy, WHO guidelines and the Zanzibar Food, Drugs and Cosmetics Act No 2/2006. Therefore these guidelines give appropriate measures of safe disposal to minimize the risks that could happen due to pharmaceutical waste. ...

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  • An inventory of all the chemicals including pharmaceuticals was made and a special task force was formed to advise the government on proper disposal system. Many donors were approached to provide financial assistance for the disposal but the response was until 1995 when the Netherlands government offered 1.5 million USD for the whole exercise which involved repacking, recollection in special centers and finally to remove the chemicals including pharmaceuticals to be incinerated in the UK. Rechem Company was contracted to do the job and 400 tons were removed in 1995.

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  • A number of methods for safe disposal of pharmaceutical waste are described in this document and involve those with minimal risks to public health and the environment taking into consideration the limited resources and equipment available. The adoption of these guidelines by the ministry of health and social welfare, ministry responsible for environment and other relevant ministries, and their practical application, will contribute to the safe and economical elimination of stock piles of unusable pharmaceuticals in Zanzibar.

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  • Donor must adhere to the Zanzibar medicine, medical supplies and medical equipment donation guidelines so that donations will address the expressed needs of the Zanzibar and that the date of expiry should not be less than one year unless there is a clear evidence from Zanzibar that there is clear logistics and managerial capacity to store and distribute shorter dated drugs efficiently. The cost of disposal of waste pharmaceuticals Pharmaceuticals are ideally disposed of by high temperatures (i.e. above 1200 o C) incineration.

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  • Improper disposal may be hazardous if it leads to contamination of water supplies or local sources used by nearby community. Expired drugs may come into the hands of scavengers and children if landfill is insecure. Pilfering from a stockpile of waste drugs or during sorting may results in expired drugs being diverted to the market for resale and misused. Most expired pharmaceuticals become less efficacious and a few may develop a different adverse drug reaction profile. There are some categories of expired drugs their disposal practices may carry a public health risk. ...

    pdf78p dacotaikhoan 25-04-2013 20 1   Download

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