Physiology plays a major role in the scientific foundation of medicine and other
subjects related to human health and physical performance. Pharmacology is the
science which deals with the effects of drugs on living systems and their use in the
treatment of disease. This book is designed to enhance students’ understanding of
physiology and pharmacology via a series of case studies involving human disease
and its treatment.
Traditional university teaching methods focus on informing students in terms of
physiological and pharmacological theory.
Maximum success in skeletal surgery depends on adequate access to and exposure of the
skeleton. Skeletal surgery is simplified and expedited when the involved parts are sufficiently
exposed. In orthopedic surgery, especially of the appendicular skeleton, a basic rule is to
select the most direct approach possible to the underlying bone. Thus, incisions are usually placed
very near the area of interest while major nerves and blood vessels are retracted.
This book has its roots in our perceived need for a concise text to assist the practitioner
in prioritizing likely diagnoses when encountering a patient complaining of
neurological problems or defi cits. Though many references exist on neurological
disease and differential diagnoses, few offer easily referable likely diagnoses based
on common complaints and presentation. When one approaches differential diagnosis
in neurology, there is frequently a feeling of overwhelming information.
As the global epidemic of diabetes continues to expand, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is predicted to double in
the next 20 years. Continued population growth, increasing age, and worldwide globalization leading to changes in
diet and patterns of physical inactivity have resulted in staggering numbers of individuals affected by the disease.
A haphazard approach to treatment for a problem of this magnitude could easily overburden the healthcare system,
particularly in areas of the world with limited resources.
The evolution of trauma care in developed countries around the world has created new and exciting roles
for all the personnel involved in the resuscitation and recovery of critically injured patients. The stress on
strict roles for the nurse, doctor, paramedic and ancillary staff is now being replaced by a greater emphasis
on the ‘team approach’. This acknowledges the interactive nature of the procedures undertaken by the trauma
team and the need for close cooperation at all stages of the resuscitation.
In the past two decades, enormous strides have been made
in our understanding of the relationships between inflammation,
innate immune responses, adaptive immune responses,
and degenerative human diseases. The developing information
has mostly appeared in specialty journals that have dealt
only with isolated aspects of these tightly related fields. As
a result, contemporary scientists have had a difficult time
finding sources, even in review articles, that provide an
The physician treating the acutely ill febrile patient must be able to recognize infections that require emergent attention. If such infections are not adequately evaluated and treated at initial presentation, the opportunity to alter an adverse outcome may be lost. In this chapter, the clinical presentations of and approach to patients with relatively common infectious disease emergencies are discussed. These infectious processes and their treatments are discussed in detail in other chapters. ...
A Comparison of the Effects of the Latham–Millard POPLA Procedure with a Conservative Treatment Approach on Dental Occlusion and Facial Aesthetics in CUCLP and CBCLP
Samuel Berkowitz, Martha Mejia
One of the most widely debated areas in the treatment of cleft lip and palate involves the use of presurgical orthopedics and periosteoplasty with lip adhesion (POPLA) designed by Ralph Latham (orthodontist) and D. Ralph Millard, Jr. (plastic surgeon) [1, 2].
What attracted us to plastic surgery are its tremendous scope and the
multitude of approaches for every clinical situation. Yet precisely these aspects
of plastic surgery make its study and teaching especially challenging.
Although there are several excellent atlases and texts, we have come across
few references that are compact, affordable, timely, and focus on the practical,
day-to-day practice of plastic surgery.
Obstetrics and gynaecology is a dynamic
and rapidly changing speciality. Great
advances have been made in prenatal
diagnosis, the management of infertility
and contraceptive techniques. The
introduction of minimally invasive
surgical procedures has reduced bed
occupancy and analgesic requirements
allowing women to return home more
rapidly. Service delivery development,
required to meet improving NHS
standards, has seen the introduction of a
new multidisciplinary approach, new
roles for midwives and the emergence of
the gynaecological nurse practitioner....
This book has been written to enable health care workers to understand the principles of
managing an acute medical emergency safely and effectively.To achieve this aim it provides
a structured approach to medical emergencies, describing relevant pathophysiology
that will also help to explain physical signs and the rationale behind treatment.The first
edition of this manual (written by Terry Wardle) has undergone significant modification
directed by the working group and also, in particular, candidates from the first
Consistent with my long-standing aspiration to become a psychoanalyst,
I trained in psychiatry at the Massachusetts Mental Health Center of Harvard
Medical School in the early 1960s and completed a residency there.
Then I changed direction. I decided not to obtain psychoanalytic training or
even to have a clinical practice. Rather, I spent the next 40 years doing biological
research—developing a reductionist approach to learning and memory,
first in snails and then in mice.
Why do thoracic surgeons need training in decision making? Many of us who have
weathered harrowing residencies in surgery feel that, after such experiences, decision
making is a natural extension of our selves. While this is no doubt true, correct decision
making is something that many of us have yet to master. The impetus to develop
a text on evidence-based decision making in thoracic surgery was stimulated by a
conference for cardiothoracic surgical trainees developed in 2004 and sponsored by
the American College of Chest Physicians....
A definitive summary of novel techniques, this 1st volume in the New Technologies Series details the most current and multidisciplinary approach to new technologies used in general plastic, hand, peripheral nerve, microsurgery, breast, esthetic, and trauma surgery and provides an overview of the most important and clinically relevant plastic surgery research.
New surgical images of new surgical approaches are all accompanied with anatomical descriptions.
Clinical Hypnosis has proved successful in a variety of clinical situations. This handbook, with its practical approach, covers both the scientific and clinical aspects of hypnosis providing information on a range of available psychological and physical treatments.
* Explains how to learn and apply hypnosis in clinical situations
* World renowned editors
* Comprehensive coverage of relevant issues
This title will be invaluable to practising psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, medical hypnotists and mental health care workers. ...
Despite the significant decline in heart disease mortaht' rates over the last 25 years, heart
failure has remained a significant problem. We are now confronted with large numbers of
terminally ill patients for whom conventional therapies for heart failure have been exhausted
and for whom repeated hospital visits are necessary.
There now is a major thrust towards a management strategy which embraces a
comprehensive approach including vigorous preventive measures and earlier surgical
Since we compiled our first book on pediatric laparoscopy a decade ago, a
lot has changed. In the early days, few pediatric surgeons challenged the
establishment as they forged ahead, pushing the edges of the envelope before
them, into a new area. We had to prove that pediatric laparoscopy offered
some benefit to our patients. We had to justify every so-called “new” approach.
This book is an outgrowth of the author’s experience teaching a toxicology course
for 12 years at West Chester University and his interactions with physicans and
laboratory toxicologists for 24 years in the Crozer Keystone Health System. These
experiences provided valuable insights into the needs both groups have for an
enhanced understanding of toxicology in the laboratory and in the emergency department.
The area of gastrointestinal oncology is an active one. Both clinical research and basic
research have come together and changed the diagnostic and treatment protocols for a
number of deadly malignancies. A multidisciplinary approach to the diagnosis and treatment
appears to be the best paradigm; it allows for each individual medical specialty to
apply their knowledge and expertise in an expeditious and effective manner.
This is the second edition of this very popular book. The drive behind the first edition was to
honour the retirement of Professor Gerald Russell and many of the chapters were written by
the diaspora of clinicians and scientists emanating from his academic and clinical leadership.
Within the decade since that edition was conceived, developed and executed there have
been changes in the balance of clinical and academic connections. A European school has
started to emerge.