Xem 1-20 trên 20 kết quả Philosophical foundations
  • "It's the animal in us," we often hear when we've been bad. But why not when we're good? Primates and Philosophers tackles this question by exploring the biological foundations of one of humanity's most valued traits: morality. In this provocative book, primatologist Frans de Waal argues that modern-day evolutionary biology takes far too dim a view of the natural world, emphasizing our "selfish" genes. Science has thus exacerbated our reciprocal habits of blaming nature when we act badly and labeling the good things we do as "humane.

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  • About Plato: Plato (Greek: Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered") (428/427 BC – 348/ 347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the great trio of ancient Greeks –Socrates, Plato, originally named Aristocles, and Aristotle– who between them laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. Plato was also a mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the western world.

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  • That slim and dispiriting publication Jobs for Philosophers made particularly brief anddismal reading in 1987,when I gotmyphilosophydoctorate. The ratio of available posts in university philosophy departments to the people applying for them was said to be about one to 300.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'the complete plato', văn hoá - nghệ thuật, báo chí - truyền thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Study of the philosophical foundations of the criminal law has long been treated as an adjunct to the study of punishment. In this collection of specially commissioned essays, leading philosophers and criminal lawyers from the UK, USA, and Canada break with this tradition. Ranging across such central issues as moral luck, mistake, and mental illness, Action and Value in Criminal Law aims to reorientate the study of criminal law.

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  • International law has recently emerged as a thriving field of philosophical inquiry. This volume contains twenty-nine cutting-edge essays by thirty-three leading philosophers and international lawyers. An introduction co-authored by the two editors sets the scene by identifying the value of developing the philosophy of international law, addressing some of the main challenges it confronts, and presenting the aims of the volume together with a brief summary of the essays included in it. The ultimate goal is to help shape an agenda for future research in a burgeoning field....

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  • Michel Eyquem De Montaigne, the founder of the modern Essay, was born February 28, 1533, at the chateau of Montaigne in Pirigord. He came of a family of wealthy merchants of Bordeaux, and was educated at the College de Guyenne, where he had among his teachers the great Scottish Latinist, George Buchanan. Later he studied law, and held various public offices; but at the age of thirty-eight he retired to his estates, where he lived apart from the civil wars of the time, and devoted himself to study and thought. While he was traveling in Germany and Italy, in 1580-81, he was elected mayor of...

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  • The structure of this volume basically follows a tripartite organization: Morality and Politics, Money and Poverty, and Medical Need and Response. I will briefly review the chapters in each part in order to provide the reader with a sense of wha he/she might expect. First, however, I would like to describe the rationale behind each part of the book and how they are intended to relate to each other.

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  • Cognition encompasses the scientific study of the human mind and how it processes information; it focuses on one of the most difficult of all mysteries that humans have addressed. The mind is an enormously complex system holding a unique position in science: by necessity, we must use the mind to study itself, and so the focus of study and the instrument used for study are recursively linked. The sheer tenacity of human curiosity has in our own lifetimes brought answers to many of the most challenging scientific questions we have had the ambition to ask.

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  • To the student of the origins of Christianity there is naturally no period of Western history of greater interest and importance than the first century of our era; and yet how little comparatively is known about it of a really definite and reliable nature.

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  • Plato (Greek: Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered") (428/427 BC – 348/ 347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the great trio of ancient Greeks –Socrates, Plato, originally named Aristocles, and Aristotle– who between them laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. Plato was also a mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the western world

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  • .AQUINAS Thomas Aquinas ranks amongst the most important of Western philosophers; certainly, few philosophers or theologians had as mucThere are some books which only a young and inexperienced scholar would undertake to write but which only a senior scholar who knows enough to shrink from the task might conceivably be able to write. This is one of those books. Its explicit purpose is to explicate the views of Aquinas with some historical accuracy and to bring them into dialogue with the corresponding discussions in contemporary philosophy.

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  • The philosopher Wilhelm Dilthey believed that historians who judge past events by the standards of later eras are acting ahistorically and arbitrarily. It was more valid and illuminating, he suggested, to ask whether earlier statesmen’s actions were internally consistent and well-aligned with existing circumstances, an approach that he called “immanent critique.”1 In judging contemporary climate policies, some scientists and environmental activists resemble the historians of whom Dilthey complained.

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  • Plato (Greek: Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered") (428/427 BC – 348/ 347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the great trio of ancient Greeks –Socrates, Plato, originally named Aristocles, and Aristotle– who between them laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. Plato was also a mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the western world. Plato is widely believed to have been a student of Socrates and to have been deeply influenced by his teacher's unjust death....

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  • Plato (Greek: Plátōn, "wide, broad-shouldered") (428/427 BC – 348/ 347 BC) was an ancient Greek philosopher, the second of the great trio of ancient Greeks –Socrates, Plato, originally named Aristocles, and Aristotle– who between them laid the philosophical foundations of Western culture. Plato was also a mathematician, writer of philosophical dialogues, and founder of the Academy in Athens, the first institution of higher learning in the western world

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  • Tài liệu sinh học tiếng Anh: The theory of evolution has been around for some 150 years, and has deeply influenced people's views of the world. The theory maintains that life came about by chance, by itself, and through natural conditions. However, evolution is not supported by any scientific evidence. It is a dogma that materialist scientists and philosophers are trying to impose on society under a scientific mask.

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  • In the Christian tradition, the doctrine of ‘just war’ has evolved throughout the last 1,700 years, originating with St. Augustine and later significantly shaped by St Thomas Aquinas, both of whom developed ideas of the Greek philosopher Aristotle and the Roman philosopher Cicero. 15 Saint Augustine (354-430) served as Bishop of Hippo for 34 years. His idea of just war has two foundations. The first, owing much to the Eastern religious traditions, is that in all things a person should not act out of selfish considerations.

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  • XXV. THE IMAGINARY CONSTRUCTION OF A SOCIALIST SOCIETY When the social philosophers of the eighteenth century laid the foundations of praxeology and economics, they were confronted with an almost universally accepted and uncontested distinction between the petty selfish individuals and the state

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  • This collection of new and previously published essays reflects the major research and thought of one of today's preeminent philosophers of mind. The first seven essays are philosophical pieces that focus on mental representation and the foundations of intentionality; they are followed by four psychological essays on cognitive architecture. In his eloquent introduction, Fodor shows how the two areas are thematically united and epistemologically related, highlighting his interest in finding alternatives to holistic accounts of cognitive content.Jerry A.

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  • Scientific realism has been advanced as an interpretation of the natural sciences but never the behavioral sciences. This exciting book introduces a novel version of scientific realism--Measured Realism--that characterizes the kind of theoretical progress in the social and psychological sciences that is uneven but indisputable. Trout proposes a theory of measurement--Population-Guided Estimation--that connects natural, psychological, and social scientific inquiry.

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