Michel Eyquem De Montaigne, the founder of the modern Essay, was born February 28, 1533, at the chateau
of Montaigne in Pirigord. He came of a family of wealthy merchants of Bordeaux, and was educated at the
College de Guyenne, where he had among his teachers the great Scottish Latinist, George Buchanan. Later he
studied law, and held various public offices; but at the age of thirty-eight he retired to his estates, where he
lived apart from the civil wars of the time, and devoted himself to study and thought. While he was traveling
in Germany and Italy, in 1580-81, he was elected mayor of...