Xem 1-20 trên 49 kết quả Physical cognition
  • Changing time, timely change, change creating time, time measuring changeÐthe themes of this book are change and time in various per- mutations and combinations. The book also deals with nonlinearity, chaos, randomness, and stochastic models, the use of computers to study complicated systems of di¨erential equations, systems theory, complemen- tarity, the importance of formal models, methods from physics and mathe- matics for the analysis of cognitive systems, and interdisciplinarity, among other topics.

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  • This paper outlines the linguistic semantic commitments underlying an application which automatically constructs depictions of verbal spatial descriptions. Our approach draws on the ideational view of linguistic semantics developed by Ronald Langacker in his theory of Cognitive Grammar, and the conceptual representation of physical objects from the two-level semantics of Bierwisch and Lang. In particular the dimensions of the process of conventwnal imagery are used as a metric for the design of our own conceptual representation. ...

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  • Walnut trees shade the streets of Davis, California. They also provide food for the crows that roost near Davis. Crows crack walnuts by dropping them from heights of 5–10 meters or more onto sidewalks, roads, and parking lots. Occasionally they drop walnuts in front of approaching cars, as if using the cars to crush the nuts for them. Do crows intentionally use cars as nutcrackers? Some of the citizens of Davis, as well as some professional biologists (Maple 1974, in Cristol et al.

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  • Cognitive maps have emerged as an important tool in modeling and decision making. In a nutshell they are signed di-graphs that capture the cause/effect relationships that subject matter experts believe exist in a problem space under consideration. Each node in the map represents some variable concept.

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  • The population of disabled elderly in the United States is growing rapidly. The number of Americans who will suffer functional disability due to arthritis, stroke, diabetes, coronary artery disease, cancer, or cognitive impairment is expected to increase at least 300 percent by 2049.1 Although people tend to develop chronic conditions as they age, growing old does not have to mean becoming disabled.

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  • Among the elements of the conferences that have to do with the elderly, the following are noted: education about the main health problems and the methods to prevent them; promotion of food supplies and adequate nutrition; supply of appropriate drinking water and basic sanitation; immunization against major infectious diseases; prevention and control of endemic diseases; appropriate treatment of common diseases and accident consequences and availability of essential medication, in addition to social resources, such as social groups, universities open to the seniors and awareness about the ph...

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  • A recent government health survey found that 1 to 5 per cent of elderly people who drank more than occasionally were ‘problem drinkers’, reporting significant psychological and/or physical dependence on alcohol. Other studies have found higher proportions of elderly problem drinkers, especially in men. One found 5 - 12 per cent of men in their 60’s to have alcohol problems.

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  • The third domain includes features related to safety, mobility, and access. Again these factors may operate on late-life health either through a cumulative process on the underlying health trajectory or by directly facilitating/impeding activities in old age. For example, by providing safe places to participate in physical activity, the availability of parks and recreation may facilitate healthy behaviors that have a beneficial affect on health well into late life (Brownson et al, 2001; Jackson & Kochtitzky, 2001).

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  • These educational requirements reflect a need for highly skilled workers who can perform complex, ever-changing tasks. Economists have classified the intensity of five types of tasks across occupations using the Dictionary of Occupational Titles (DOT).

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Predictors of mortality and short-term physical and cognitive dependence in critically ill persons 75 years and older: a prospective cohort study

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  • This book is about how to construct and use computational models of specific parts of the nervous system, such as a neuron, a part of a neuron or a network of neurons. It is designed to be read by people from a wide range of backgrounds from the biological, physical and computational sciences. The word ‘model’ can mean different things in different disciplines, and even researchers in the same field may disagree on the nuances of its meaning.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'mineral requirements for military personnel: levels needed for cognitive and physical performance during garrison training', khoa học tự nhiên, vật lý phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • James Parkinson described Parkinson’s disease in his memorable Essay on the Shaking Palsy in 1817. Since then, and particularly in recent years, there has been tremendous progress in our understanding of this complex and fascinating neurological disorder. Briefly, we have learned that it is not only manifest by motor symptoms but also that there is a whole range of non-motor features, including autonomic, psychiatric, cognitive and sensory impairments. We now know how to distinguish better clinically between Parkinson’s disease and the various parkinsonian syndromes.

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  • Interfacial systems are frequently encountered in a large variety of phenomena in biology and industry. A few examples that come to mind are adsorption, catalysis, corrosion, flotation, osmosis, and colloidal stability. In particular, surface films are very interesting from a cognitive point of view. Surface science has a long history. For many years, natural philosophers were curious about interfacial phenomena because it was quite clear that matter near surface differs in its properties from the same matter in bulk...

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  • The physical and functional properties of the means are conditioning the ways in which the information may be articulated. Therefore, factors such as economy and access to raw materials play an important role in determining the level of cognitive complexity of a society. According to Lave (1988: 1), cognition is distributed, i.e., “stretched over, not divided among—mind, body, activity, and culturally organized settings (which include other actors).

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  • The science of human development seeks to understand how individuals change on physical, cognitive, and social dimensions of functioning across the life span. Although many informative developmental studies have relied on cross-sectional comparisons among individuals of different ages, optimal designs for addressing developmental questions must involve the study of intraindividual change across time.

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  • Integral to Health and Physical Education is the acquisition of movement skills, concepts and strategies that enable students to confidently and competently participate in a range of physical activities. Movement is a powerful medium for learning through which students can develop and practise a range of personal, social and cognitive skills. Students develop expertise and physical fitness in movement skills and activities as a prelude for lifelong physical activity participation and to appreciate the significance of physical activity and sport in Australian society. ...

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  • Chapter 10 - Ability. After reading this chapter, you should be able to answer the following questions: What is ability? What are the various types of cognitive ability? What are the various types of emotional ability? What are the various types of physical ability? How does cognitive ability affect job performance and organizational commitment? What steps can organizations take to hire people with high levels of cognitive ability?

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  • Reliable gene-lifestyle interaction studies will yield important evidence for the shaping of personalised healthcare. Studies need statistical power with adequate environmental exposures and lifestyle heterogeneity to obtain reliable evidence on the interplay between nurture and nature. Europe has a historic strength in large epidemiological studies but technology development and implementation is needed to better ascertain environmental exposure and dietary heterogeneity.

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  • This life-course approach is supported by a growing literature that documents how many adult health conditions have their origins in childhood and are affected by childhood risk, protective, and health-promoting influences. 7 Mounting evi- dence demonstrates how prenatal and early childhood risks that interfere with growth can increase the risk of ischemic heart disease, hypertension, obesity, and diabetes. Early exposure to infections and environmental toxins increase the like- lihood of cancer, hypertension and stroke, and neurodegenerative diseases.

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