Rather than focusing on earlier treatments, based largely on the simplifications of geometrical acoustics, Physical Principles of Medical Ultrasonics examines concepts of wave acoustics, introducing them in the very first chapter. Practical implications of these concepts are explored, first the generation and nature of acoustic fields, and then their formal descriptions and measurement. Real tissues attenuate and scatter ultrasound in ways that have interesting relationships to their physical chemistry, and the book includes coverage of these topics.
Presents the first unified exposition of the physical principles at the heart of NanoMEMS-based devices and applications Provides newcomers with a much needed coherent scientific base for undertaking study and research in this field Takes great pains in rendering transparent advanced physical concepts and techniques, such as quantum information, second quantization, Luttinger liquids, bosonization, and superconductivity
Engineering technology or mechanical engineering industry is the application of physical principles to create all kinds of machinery and equipment or other useful objects. Mechanical application of thermodynamic principles, the law of conservation of mass and energy to analyze static and dynamic physical systems, for design work in areas such as automotive, aircraft and the other vehicles, heating systems and cooling, household appliances, machinery and production equipment, weapons ...
Seven years have passed since the publication of the previous edition of this book.
During that time, sensor technologies have made a remarkable leap forward. The
sensitivity of the sensors became higher, the dimensions became smaller, the selectivity
became better, and the prices became lower. What have not changed are the
fundamental principles of the sensor design. They are still governed by the laws of
Nature. Arguably one of the greatest geniuses who ever lived, Leonardo Da Vinci,
had his own peculiar way of praying.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Practical urological ultrasound" presents the following contents: History of ultrasound in urology, physical principles of ultrasound, bioeffects and safety, maximizing image quality - User dependent variables, renal ultrasound, scrotal ultrasound.
Many physical phenomena of great practical interest to engineers
chemists, biologists, physicists, etc. were not in Gen. Phys. I & II
The development of experimental equiment and techniques
modern physics can go inside the microscopic world (atoms,
electrons, nucleus, etc.)
New principles, new laws for the microscopic (subatomic)
world were discoverved
The world faces serious difficulties in obtaining the energy that will be needed in coming decades for a growing population, especially given the problem of climate change caused by fossil fuel use. This book presents a view of nuclear energy as an important carbon-free energy option. It discusses the nuclear fuel cycle, the types of reactors used today and proposed for the future, nuclear waste disposal, reactor accidents and reactor safety, nuclear weapon proliferation, and the cost of electric power.
(BQ) Achieve success in your physics course by making the most of what Ebook Physics for Scientists and Engineers has to offer. From a host of in-text features to a range of outstanding technology resources, you'll have everything you need to understand the natural forces and principles of physics. Throughout every chapter, the authors have built in a wide range of examples, exercises, and illustrations that will help you understand the laws of physics AND succeed in your course.
The history of Computational Fluid Dynamics, or CFD for short,, started in
the early 1970’s. Around that time, it became an acronym for a combination
of physics, numerical mathematics, and, to some extent, computer sciences employed
to simulate fluid flows. The beginning of CFD was triggered by the
availability of increasingly more powerful mainframes and the advances in CFD
are still tightly coupled to the evolution of computer technology.
In this chapter we discuss relations between information theory and statistical
mechanics. We show that the canonical and grand canonical distributions
can be obtained from Shannon’s principle of maximum uncertainty [1, 2, 3].
Moreover, the time evolution of the entropy of an isolated system and the H
theorem are discussed.
Ancient Hebrew and Christian tradition relates that the universe was created in six days,
following which there was a day of rest. What the old chronicles never recorded was that, on
the eighth day, the Creator must have dropped back into the lab to do some tidying up. Only
then, coming across his rough notes for Maxwell’s and the acoustic wave equations, did the
thought occur that the creation of light and sound could be logically extrapolated to x-rays
Magnetism often has a slight overtone of being mysterious. This is probably
caused by the surprisingly strong forces between magnets which everybody can experience
with magnetic toys, magnet boards, or similar objects. A strange effect is
the unique ability of magnetic fields to penetrate many substances without any attenuation.
Though the physical basis of magnetism is well explored, the outsider
usually does not know very much about the details and sometimes tends to overestimate
the real possibilities provided by magnetism.
This review is for the 3rd Edition of Edelman's Understanding Ultrasound Physics. As Mr. Ridgeway noted in his review, this book has a bronze cover and is the most recent edition.
Dr. Edelman presents the concepts in an orderly manner. Each chapter is a building block to the next. He words the material in a way that the average person can understand. Many ultrasound physics texts use terminology and principles which are far more technical, detailed and complex than necessary. Not this one!
(BQ) Part 1 book "Principles and practice of PET and PET/CT" presents the following contents: Production of radionuclides for PET, PET physics and PET instrumentation, radiotracer chemistry, data analysis and image processing, fundamentals of CT in PET/CT, standardized uptake values, image fusion, oncologic applications,...
Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 62. Principles of Human Genetics
Impact of Genetics on Medical Practice
Impact of Genetics on Medical Practice: Introduction
The beginning of the new millennium was marked by the announcement that the vast majority of the human genome had been sequenced. This milestone in the exploration of the human genome was preceded by numerous conceptual and technological advances.
Genetic linkage refers to the fact that genes are physically connected, or linked, to one another along the chromosomes. Two fundamental principles are essential for understanding the concept of linkage: (1) when two genes are close together on a chromosome, they are usually transmitted together, unless a recombination event separates them (Figs. 62-3, 62-8); and (2) the odds of a crossover, or recombination event, between two linked genes is proportional to the distance that separates them.
The Human DNA Sequence
The complete DNA sequence of each chromosome provides the highest resolution physical map. The primary focus of the HGP was to obtain DNA sequence for the entire human genome as well as model organisms. Although the prospect of determining the complete sequence of the human genome seemed daunting several years ago, technical advances in DNA sequencing and bioinformatics led to the completion of a draft human sequence in June 2000, well in advance of the original goal year of 2003.
(BQ) Part 1 book "Palpation techniques surface anatomy for physical therapists" presents the following contents: Basic principles, shoulder complex, elbow complex, hand, hip and groin region, knee joint, foot.
(BQ) Part 2 the book "Clark's essential physics in imaging for radiographers" presents the following contents: Principles of radiation detection and image formation, image quality, radiation dose and exposure indicators, image display and manipulation in medical imaging, radiation protection and safety,...