Physical therapy

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  • Ana del Campo, Christine Colliard, Andrejz M'hango and Marianna Bialek Kyphosis Physiotherapy from Childhood to Old Age Jean Claude de Mauroy A Review of Non-Invasive Treatment Interventions for Spinal Deformities 67 Clare Lewis Physical Therapy for Biomechanical and Musculoskeletal Conditions 89 An Overview on the Efficacy of Manual Therapy (Manipulations and Mobilisations) on Nonspecific Cervical Pain: A Systematic Review in Adults 91 José Antonio Mirallas Martínez Use of Physiotherapeutic Methods to Influence the Position of the Foot 107 Eva Buchtelová Effectiveness of Passive Joint M...

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  • Chronic lung disease is a major health problem among children. Estimates suggest that one child in six has a chronic respiratory condition. This article reviews three common chronic respiratory conditions occurring in childhood for which physical therapy is usually recommended. The cause, pathophysiology, and medical treatment are explained for asthma, respiratory complications of chronic neuromuscular disease, and cystic fibrosis. The rationale for physical therapy and the concepts of treatment for the three disorders are presented.

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  • Radiotherapy, also referred to as radiation therapy, radiation oncology or therapeutic radiology, is one of the three principal modalities used in the treatment of malignant disease (cancer), the other two being surgery and chemotherapy.

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  • A distinction is to be made between the terms 'efficacy' and 'effectiveness'. Efficacy is defined as "the probability of benefit to individuals in a defined population from a medical technology applied for a given medical problem under ideal conditions of use". By contrast, effectiveness is considered to have all the attributes of efficacy but to reflect "performance under ordinary conditions by the average practitioner for the typical patient" [12].

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  • This book is intended for students who are preparing for careers in health fields such as nursing, physical therapy, podiatry, medical technology, agricultural science, public health, and nutrition. The chemistry courses taken by these students typically include material covered in general chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry, compressed into a 1-year period. Because of this broad requirement, many students feel overwhelmed. To help them understand and assimilate so much diverse material, we offer the outline of these topics presented in the text that follows.

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  • This fourth revised edition of “Technical Basis of Radiation Therapy: Practical Clinical Applications”, edited by S. H. Levitt, J. A. Purdy, C. A. Perez, and S. Vijaykumar, continues this publication’s outstanding excellence in the definition of the technical advances for radiation therapy. The previous three editions were milestones in the definition of new technologies and how they would be applied in clinical practice.

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  • Intermediate-risk patients are those with any of the following criteria: microscopic tumour invasion into the perithyroidal tissues at initial surgery, cervical lymph node metastases or 131I uptake outside the thyroid bed on the initial post-treatment scan, or tumour with aggressive histology or vascular invasion. Finally, high-risk patients have macroscopic tumour invasion, incomplete tumour resection, distant metastases or elevated thyroglobulin out of proportion to what is seen on the post-treatment scan (Cooper et al., 2009).

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  • Vibration training and vibration therapy, also known as whole body vibration (WBV), biomechanical stimulation (BMS), and biomechanical oscillation (BMO) date back to ancient Greece. Recently, vibration training has been reinvented as a new form of exercise that is becoming more frequently used to improve muscle strength, power and flexibility as well as coordination. Increasingly, WBV can be encountered in different wellness, fitness and rehabilitation centres as well as medical centres.

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  • Cranial nerves are involved in head and neck function, and processes such as eating, speech and facial expression. This clinically oriented survey of cranial nerve anatomy and function was written for students of medicine, dentistry and speech therapy, but will also be useful for postgraduate physicians and general practitioners, and specialists in head and neck healthcare (surgeons, dentists, speech therapists, etc.). After an introductory section surveying cranial nerve organization and tricky basics such as ganglia, nuclei and brain stem...

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  • "Molecular imaging" has been previously defined as "the in vivo characterization and measurement of biologic processes at the cellular and molecular level." This broad definition emerged during the last few years as a consequence of the convergence of molecular and cell biology with imaging science, including medical physics and technology. One of the major goals of molecular imaging has become the development of noninvasive strategies of "molecular profiling" in living subjects, i.e.

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  • Understanding the basics of pharmacology is an essential nursing responsibility. Pharmacology is the science that deals with the physical and chemical properties, and biochemical and physiologic effects, of drugs. It includes the areas of pharmacokinetics, pharmacodynamics, pharmacotherapeutics, pharmacognosy, and toxicodynamics.

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  • Laughter is one of the best emotional and physical therapies for anyone under stress. Laughing releases endorphins into the brain. Endorphins are like the nerve-numbing drug morphine and serve to reduce harmful chemicals in the body that are released by stress. As you know first-hand, one of the best ways to increase comfort in negative situations is to break the ice with laughter. When everyone is thinking the worst or feeling anxious about a situation, laughter can dissipate the tension just enough to give everyone a more manageable perspective on an issue. ...

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  • Graduate students enrolled in the three-year, full-time Doctor of Physical Therapy program have unique opportunities to practice specific learning objectives in a variety of clinical settings. The partnership between Alamance Regional Medical Center and Elon’s Department of Physical Therapy offers students a wealth of clinical and research opportunities. The philosophy of the DPT program emphasizes critical thinking, active learning, strong clinical experiences, and inquiry-based approaches to treatment and research.

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  • Nutrient requirements for optimum health and function of aging physiological systems often are quite distinct from young ones. Recognition and understanding of the special nutrition problems of the aged are being intensively researched and tested, especially due to the increases in the elderly in the general population. In developed countries, economic restrictions and physical inactivity during aging can signifi cantly reduce food intakes, contributing to nutritional stresses and needs. Many disease entities and cancers are found with higher frequency in the aged.

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  • Standard textbooks of anatomy, physiology, pathology, orthopedic surgery, and sports medicine provide little information on tendons. Tendon ailments are increasingly prevalent in orthopedic surgery and sports medicine, and in occupational and family medicine as well. This book provides a comprehensive presentation on human tendons for a wide range of readers, from students and teachers of physical education, biomechanics, medicine, and physical therapy to specialists such as orthopaedic surgeons, pathologists, and physicians specializing in sports medicine....

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  • This book provides information on alternative and complementary therapies that can expand the healing spectrum for individuals with spinal cord injury (SCI). It discusses healing perspectives and paradigms that have not been a part of traditional modern medicine but that, nevertheless, comprised a key component of healing armamentaria throughout much of mankind’s history.

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  • The emerging field of nanotechnology is affirming its increasing importance day by day. In this context fullerenes and carbon nanotubes (CNTs) play an important role. These new allotropic forms of carbon have been discovered in the last two decades, and, since then, they have stimulated the curiosity and interest of physicists and chemists. This book is the first of a new series entitled “Carbon Materials: Chemistry and Physics”, the purpose of which is to analyze the new frontiers of carbon.

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  • A clustering of the disease among close relatives has also been shown, although there is no consensus on which inheritable genetic defects are involved. In spite of extensive research, reliable findings on risk factors relating to lifestyle, diet or the environment remain elusive. Possible lifestyle risk factors are high intakes of α-linolenic acid (a polyunsaturated fatty acid in vegetables and dairy products) and calcium.

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  • The SI standard of time is based on: A. the daily rotation of the earth B. the frequency of light emitted by Kr86 C. the yearly revolution of the earth about the sun D. a precision pendulum clock E. none of these Ans: E 2. A nanosecond is: A. 109 s B. 10−9 s C. 10−10 s D. 10−10 s E. 10−12 Ans: B 3. The SI standard of length is based on: A. the distance from the north pole to the equator along a meridian passing through Paris B. wavelength of light emitted by Hg198 C. wavelength of light...

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  • Science of brachytherapy is currently increasing in the field of cancer therapy. By virtue of the development of computer assisted technologies, we can reap the benefits of accurate radiotherapies more than ever, which enabled precise irradiation to a target safely avoiding unnecessary involvement of the surrounding normal tissue. Unlike teleradiotherapy provided by X-ray linear accelerator, brachytherapy utilizes radiation source placing inside or close to the target.

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