Understanding of the neuroendocrine system provides an insight into a wide range of bodily and mental processes. Neuroendocrinology and Behavior brings its readers a concise guide to up-to-date knowledge on the function of the endocrine glands and organs in association with neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, and behavioral manifestations. Various forms of stress response, e.g. anxiety and cognitive changes, have been intrinsic to both ourselves and other species.
This textbook is primarily intended to provide undergraduate students of pharmacy with a clear and concise
account of basic endocrine function and dysfunction, at a level sufficient to meet the requirements of first- or
second year qualifying examinations. It is not intended to replace standard texts, but merely to serve as an
accompaniment and convenient revision guide.
Secondary (Symptomatic) SUNCT
SUNCT can be seen with posterior fossa or pituitary lesions. All patients with SUNCT/SUNA should be evaluated with pituitary function tests and a brain MRI with pituitary views.
Therapy of acute attacks is not a useful concept in SUNCT/SUNA since the attacks are of such short duration. However, intravenous lidocaine, which arrests the symptoms, can be used in hospitalized patients.
Long-term prevention to minimize disability and hospitalization is the goal of treatment.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Pituitary-adrenal function in patients with acute subarachnoid haemorrhage: a prospective cohort study...
The hypothalamic decapeptide gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is
well known for its role in the control of pituitary gonadotropin secretion,
but the hormone and receptor are also expressed in extrapituitary tissues
and tumor cells, including epithelial ovarian cancers.
Protein kinase Ce (PKCe) is activated by thyrotropin-releasing hormone
(TRH), a regulator of pituitary function in rat pituitary GH4C1 cells. We
analyzed the downstream mechanism after PKCe activation. Exposure of
cells to TRH or a phorbol ester increased the phosphorylation of
three p52 proteins (p52a, p52b and p52c) and decreased the phosphoryla-tion of destrin and cofilin.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành y đề tài: Hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal stress axis function and the relationship with chronic widespread pain and its antecedents...
Chapter 16 - The endocrine system (part b), this chapter describe structural and functional relationships between the hypothalamus and the pituitary gland; list and describe the chief effects of anterior pituitary hormones; discuss the structure of the posterior pituitary, and describe the effects of the two hormones it releases;...
Chapter 32 - The endocrine system. The endocrine system includes the organs of the body that secrete hormones directly into body fluids such as blood. Hormones help to regulate the chemical reactions within cells. They therefore control the functions of the organs, tissues, and other cells that comprise these cells. In this chapter you will learn about the processes and organs of the endocrine system.
Understanding of the neuroendocrine system provides an insight into a wide range of
bodily and mental processes, e.g. from water balance to social activity.
Neuroendocrinology and Behavior brings its readers a concise guide to up-to-date
knowledge on the function of the endocrine glands and organs in association with
neurotransmitters, neuropeptides, and behavioral manifestations. In particular, this
volume provides a unique medium for interactions across these multiple levels of the
exploration on neuroendocrinology, behavior, and related disorders....
In this regard, available evidence shows that
while morphine and heroin are liable to attenuate the immune response, long-acting opioids
that are used in withdrawal treatment, such as methadone and buprenorphine, are largely
devoid of immunosuppressive activity. Opioids can also influence the immune function
through the activation of the descending pathways of the hypothalamus-pituitary axis
(HPA) and the sympathetic nervous system (Vallejo et al., 2004).
While most autosomal dominant inherited cancer syndromes are due to mutations in tumor-suppressor genes (Table 79-1), there are a few interesting exceptions. Multiple endocrine neoplasia type II, a dominant disorder characterized by pituitary adenomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, and (in some pedigrees) pheochromocytoma, is due to gain-of-function mutations in the protooncogene RET on chromosome 10. Similarly, gain-of-function mutations in the tyrosine kinase domain of the MET oncogene lead to hereditary papillary renal carcinoma.
Algorithm for evaluation of amenorrhea. β-hCG, human chorionic gonadotropin; PRL, prolactin; FSH, follicle-stimulating hormone; TSH, thyroidstimulating hormone.
Hypogonadotropic Hypogonadism Low estrogen levels in combination with normal or low levels of LH and FSH are seen with anatomic, genetic, or functional abnormalities that interfere with hypothalamic GnRH secretion or normal pituitary responsiveness to GnRH. Although relatively uncommon, tumors and infiltrative diseases should be considered in the differential diagnosis of hypogonadotropic hypogonadism (Chap. 333).
This chapter includes contents: The body’s long-distance regulators; the endocrine system and the nervous system act individually and together in regulating an animal’s physiology; hormones and other chemical signals bind to target cell receptors, initiating pathways that culminate in specific cell responses; the hypothalamus and pituitary integrate many functions of the vertebrate endocrine system;...
(BQ) Part 1 book "Endocrine and reproductive physiology" presents the following contents: Introduction to the endocrine system, endocrine function of the gastrointestinal tract, energy metabolism, calcium and phosphate homeostasis, hypothalamus pituitary complex, the thyroid gland.
Chapter 34 - The endocrine system. After completing chapter 34, you will be able to: Describe the general functions of hormones and the endocrine system; identify the hormones released by the pituitary gland, thyroid gland, parathyroid glands, adrenal glands, pancreas, and other hormone-producing organs, and give the functions of each; explain the effect of stressors on the body; describe the causes, signs and symptoms, and treatments of various endocrine disorders.