Xem 1-20 trên 73 kết quả Place framework
  • This paper presents a framework for unsupervised natural language morphology induction wherein candidate suffixes are grouped into candidate inflection classes, which are then arranged in a lattice structure. With similar candidate inflection classes placed near one another in the lattice, I propose this structure is an ideal search space in which to isolate the true inflection classes of a language. This paper discusses and motivates possible search strategies over the inflection class lattice structure. ...

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  • Our previous tutorial discussed the basics of XML and demonstrated its potential to revolutionize the Web. In this tutorial, we’ll discuss how to use an XML parser to: • Process an XML document • Create an XML document • Manipulate an XML document We’ll also talk about some useful, lesser-known features of XML parsers. Best of all, every tool discussed here is freely available at IBM’s alphaWorks site (www.alphaworks.ibm.com) and other places on the Web.

    pdf59p doxuan 07-08-2009 441 169   Download

  • Smart homes are intelligent environments that interact dynamically and respond readily in an adaptive manner to the needs of the occupants and changes in the ambient conditions. The realization of systems that support the smart homes concept requires integration of technologies from different fields. Among the challenges that the designers face is to make all the components of the system interact in a seamless, reliable and secure manner.

    pdf204p kimngan_1 06-11-2012 63 16   Download

  • Multimedia as we know it has gained tremendous importance over the last decade. It spans quite a few areas of computer science involving programming, algorithms, communication technology, various media of communications and so on. It has raised the quality of communication by adding more than one media of communication such as audio, video, text, graphics and animation. Its importance in terms of medical science, engineering, entertainment, education, distance learning, and to all aspects of life, cannot be overstated.

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  • For each policy cluster in the CPIA, the Bank applies numerical performance ratings from 1 (low) to 6 (high) and these are converted to five “letter” grades. The reason for presenting the data this way is that the Bank places each government in one of five quintiles, based upon the quality of its performance in each area. Quintiles display the performance of governments relative to one another, whereas the real, undisclosed data present nominal scores.

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  • The service sector accounts for more than 70 percent of the gross domestic product (GDP) of advanced industrial economies. Though trade in services is difficult to calculate and many transactions still go uncounted, current estimates place the worth of such trade as at least $2.5 trillion, or about a third of total world trade. For the United States, the world’s most advanced industrial economy, the service sector looms even larger. Services account for almost 80 percent of U.S. production and U.S. employment (while manufacturing accounts for 19 percent of U.S.

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  • . The framework summarized in the paper 1 starts with a grouping of all low income countries in accordance with the performance of institutions and effectiveness of policies followed by choices of the most appropriate thresholds for the selected debt burden indicators. It is understood that DSAs will become dynamic in nature capturing information as they become available during each replenishment period rather than holding them static for each period. The preparation of forward-looking DSAs will be a development that will take place during IDA 14.

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  • The starting point for the allocation of grants is the system in place for allocating IDA funds based on the PBA system that was described in the previous section. This ensures the link with policy performance that has increasingly been the basis on which IDA funds have been allocated in successive replenishments. Thereafter, the country groupings based on debt distress are used to allocate grant funds within the IDA country allocations that have been determined.

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  • This book will enable you to take your PHP development skills to an enterprise level by teaching the skills and tools necessary to write maintainable and efficient code. You will learn how to perform activities such as unit testing, enforcing coding standards, automating deployment, and interactive debugging using tools created for PHP developers—all the information in one place. Your code will be more

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  • Since the fi nal decades of the twentieth century, data networks have known steadily growing success. After the installation of fi xed Internet networks in many places all over the planet and their now large expansion, the need is now becoming more important for wireless access. There is no doubt that by the end of the fi rst decade of the twentieth century, high-speed wireless data access, i.e. in Mb/s, will be largely deployed worldwide.

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  • Communication, the conveyance of messages, is the purpose of the media according to the self-professed ethics of the mass communicators. Messages and their communication imply otherness: they are about something other thanmessages and communication, something in some other place and time, addressed to others by a self. Nevertheless, despite their dimensions of otherness, messages, communication, and the media have always been about themselves, too – self-referential messages about messages, communication about communication, media about the media.

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  • Cross promotions among media companies, food sellers, and toy companies advance the corporate goal, as one marketing expert put it, “to establish a situation where kids are exposed to their brand in as many different places as possible throughout the course of the day or the week, or almost anywhere they turn in the course of their daily rituals” (Kjos, 2002). Supermarket shelves are filled with such links, such as Rugrats characters on packages of Kraft Macaroni & Cheese. Tie-ins like these are designed to lure children into...

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  • It is also important to note that our definition of support is narrow and excludes certain instances of sponsor intervention to protect MMMFs from losses. Specifically, direct support excludes support in the form of Capital Support Agreements (CSAs) and/or Letters of Credit (both of which provided guarantees on individual or a portfolio of securities) that were not drawn upon - even where such facilities were important in maintaining the market value NAVs of the funds.

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  • Overcoming the current challenges and fostering further capital market development will require efforts across a broad policy front. Significant efforts to realize this crucial agenda are underway and could be deepened further. A sine qua non is to continue to further entrench the important and hard-won gains on macro stability that Brazil has achieved in the last years, including on the fiscal responsibility and inflation targeting frameworks.

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  • For towns and cities to be economically competitive, socially progressive and environmentally responsible, they must reduce their inefficient use of finite resources. CABE believes every place can become better by: Understanding and nurturing its unique qualities as the basis of its response to a changing climate Each town and city is different, shaped by the geography of the place itself, the passage of time and the people who live there. The best solutions for one place may not suit another.

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  • National parks or generally protected areas (PAs) normally hold a high value as a recreational resource or destination. Though in many cases no fee or charge is made to view or enjoy natural ecosystems, people still spend time and money to reach PAs. These costs of spending (for transport, food, accommodation, time, etc.) can be calculated, and a visitation rates can be compared to expenditures. These travel costs reveals the value that people place on recreational, tourism or leisure aspects of PAs....

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  • Throughout this paper, we consider a valuation method for contingent claims taking control of shortfall risk into account in the framework of complete market models. After giving a general form of the valuation, we shall deal with models whose underlying assets are described by diffusion processes, and obtain a result for American type claims.

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  • Despite inadequate funding levels and limited program coordination, the United States still allocates tens of billions of dollars annually to a multitude of projects across the nation. Such investment could go further toward upgrading America’s infrastructure if it were spent more efficiently. The vast majority of funds for infrastructure projects in the United States are not disbursed on the basis of a rigorous comparison of projects’ economic costs and benefits.

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  • Place bottle tops, top-side up, to make a shape. Record the co- ordinates of the corners of the shape. Place another set of bottle tops, teeth-side up, to show the image of the shape when it has been rotated 90° clockwise about the origin. Record these new co- ordinates. Compare the two sets of co-ordinate pairs. Show different shapes rotated 90° clockwise about the origin. Note the co-ordinates and investigate how the sets of co-ordinates are related. Now try rotations of other angles like 180° clockwise, 90° anticlockwise....

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  • Figure 8-14. Custom Tool removed The good thing is that the EF keeps everything intact. You may at first think that the text template the EF creates is empty. No way. The EF takes everything it uses for code generation and places it in your new text template. Double-click the .tt file to open it in the Visual Studio IDE. If you have line numbers enabled, you see that the file is more than 1,250 lines long. At the top of the file, as shown here, are some nice instructions for modifying the template along with some URLs to provide...

    pdf26p tengteng16 27-12-2011 28 3   Download

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