The welcome demand for the Maintenance Planning and Scheduling Handbook around the world and repeated printings have encouraged
this second edition. The author is profoundly grateful that maintenance practitioners across a wide spectrum of industries have found the handbook and its principles universally applicable. The second edition has revised most pages throughout the entire
handbook to clarify and amplify discussions based on the author’s experience of the last seven years and practitioner feedback since the first edition.
The JICA-assisted “The Study on Urban Transport Master Plan and Feasibility Study in Ho Chi Minh Metropolitan Area” was conducted with the following main objectives: Formulation of a comprehensive Master Plan up to 2010 and 2020 for the urban transport system in the HCM metropolitan area, and a Short-term Action Plan up to 2005; conduct of feasibility studies on selected priority projects; and conduct of technology transfer on database development, modeling, and plan formulation to the Vietnamese counterpart staff during the course of the study.
The Report describes the existing road network and presents the planned road network for year 2020, aimed to provide vehicular capacity to the forecasted traffic levels and modal split as described in Chapter 5 Vol.3 of the Main Report. As part of the master plan, a feasibility study was made on certain selected high priority sub-projects. This Report presents the technical aspects of one selected project, which is Ring Road No. 2.
This book is the Institute of Medicine's response to the first part of the statement of task asking for a review of the 1994 National Vaccine Plan. The Committee on the Review of Priorities in the National Vaccine Plan reviewed the goals, objectives, strategies, and anticipated outcomes presented in the plan; their findings are contained in this book.In the first section of the book, the committee......
Renewal of agreements, subject to satisfactory completion, is executable by the
Transaction Authority without going through the fresh requisition and approval process;
however, budget availability must be checked and wherever applicable, user
satisfaction must be surveyed and documented. PPRA2004 imposes limit for engaging
in agreement by Direct Contracting, it is allowable for Repeat Orders not exceeding
15% (fifteen percent) of the original procurement; that means increase in quantity as
well as increase in value should not exceeds 15% of the original procurement.
A business plan is any plan that works for a business to look ahead, allocate resources, focus on key points,
and prepare for problems and opportunities. Unfortunately, many people think of business plans only for
starting a new business or applying for business loans. But they are also vital for running a business, whether
or not the business needs new loans or new investments. Businesses need plans to optimize growth and
development according to priorities.
As was mentioned previously, the times and business priorities are changing
at a rapid pace: no longer do organisations aspire to profit for shareholders
alone – they are increasingly answerable to other stakeholders. As a result of
regulatory and media pressure, in particular, best practice, transparency, open-ness and fair play are needed to be successful and sustainable in business.
While traditional concepts still exist and are referred to in this handbook, new
meanings are also developing.
This note aims to encourage operations managers and staff
not only to give priority to project implementation performance
but also to balance it with sustainable institutional capacity
development beyond the project. To that end, existing country
institutions should be the “default” mode, and PIUs—especially
parallel “stand-alone” PIUs—should be phased out. This note
reflects lessons learned and draws on existing good practices in the
expectation that they can become the rule rather than the
Since the 1980s many funds charge 12b-1 fees, which are used to pay for marketing and
distribution costs and are included in the fund's expense ratio. Many funds offer multiple share
classes (such as A, B, or C classes) with different combinations of loads and 12b-1 fees. To
approximate the total cost of mutual fund shares, we aggregate all the costs incurred by fund
shareholders using the now standard total ownership cost (TOC) measure introduced by Sirri
and Tufano (1998).
The high-technology answer seemed to lie in the creation of new manufacturing sectors,
which—by virtue of high growth and rising productivity—might restore the promise of
high-wage, stable employment. Such sectors were emerging in Silicon Valley and other
centers that increasingly looked to a combination of electronics and information as their
stock in trade. But also taking place were profound changes in the nature of manufactur-
ing; these changes would be fatal to the cities’ hopes for new sectors.
Alongside cohesion policy, the Connecting Europe Facility5 will be one of the EU's most
obvious contributions to cutting through these obstacles by stimulating infrastructure. 2013
should see the facility up and running and key choices made on targeting. It should also see
project bonds being rolled out to help harness private sector investment.
This will go hand in hand with consolidating regulation.
There is also diversity with regard to final beneficiaries: many providers target people excluded
from mainstream financial services (47% of respondents of the latest EMN survey) and women
(44%); moreover, ethnic minorities and/or immigrants (41%), young (29%) and disabled people
(21%) are amongst the top ranks (see Jayo et al, 2010).
Priority outreach to these specific target groups show the high social focus of microfinance in
Sector Approaches and Sector Programmes have been
labelled over time in different ways: SIPs (Sector
Investment Programmes), SDPs (Sector Development
Programmes), Sector Expenditure Programmes, and
more recently SWAp (Sector Wide Approach). In spite
of the varied terminology, there are key principles on
which there is agreement in the international donor
Firstly, it is accepted that they should be led by
partner governments. Secondly, they have the
common goal of improving the efficiency and
effectiveness with which internal and external
resources are utilised.
The key concern with respect to project progress reports
is that they contain information that is relevant to the
reader, that progress against what was planned is
assessed (performance), and that the information is
clearly and concisely presented. More information is
not better information – quality is the key.
The Common Relex Information System (CRIS)
provides a standardized structure for reporting on the
implementation of EC funded projects (through the
‘Implementation Report’ window). This information
must be regularly updated.
The Final Design submittal package is prepared when the design for a given element or area is
100% complete. The submittal may include plan sheets, specifications, technical memos,
reports, calculations, and other pertinent data, as applicable. The submittal shall include Form
RCSR resulting from the Preliminary Design Submittal. As a result of the on-going discussion
and resolution of design and construction issues via the regularly scheduled Task Force
Meetings, Core Meetings, and informal reviews, it is anticipated that there will be very few
revisions or changes at this stage.
The marketplace for business schools today is characterized by relentless change. Increasing
competition from nonaccredited schools and globalization of the business education market
are among the root causes of the instability. Management education is at risk, and industry-
wide leadership is needed to position business schools to respond to emerging priorities
This report lays the foundation for this long-term initiative.
In order to accommodate this kind of diversity, it
is important that project cycle management systems
support the application of standard working
modalities/rules in a flexible manner.
Relationship between projects, programmes and
policies: A well-formulated project should derive
from an appropriate balance between the EC’s
development policy priorities and the partner’s
Within the scope of these policy priorities, the
executive arms of government or non-governmental
agencies formulate the broad areas of work required
to implement policy decisions.
In the years leading up to the current financial crisis, risks built up dangerously in our
financial system. Rising asset prices, particularly in housing, concealed a sharp
deterioration of underwriting standards for loans. The nation’s largest financial firms,
already highly leveraged, became increasingly dependent on unstable sources of short-
term funding. In many cases, weaknesses in firms’ risk-management systems left them
unaware of the aggregate risk exposures on and off their balance sheets. A credit boom
accompanied a housing bubble.