Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and
their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate
and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales
the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly inﬂuences
physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate inﬂu-
ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops
can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys-
This book is a response to that need for a synthesis. It contains 17 chapters, each prepared by authors who are internation- ally recognized for their knowledge and expertise in a particular area of soil/plant biology.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: The Amborella genome: an evolutionary reference for plant biology...
The past decade has seen the field of proteomics expand from a highly technical endeavor to a widely utilized technique. The objective of this book is to highlight the ways in which proteomics is currently being employed to address issues in the biological sciences. Although there have been significant advances in techniques involving the utilization of proteomics in biology, fundamental approaches involving basic sample visualization and protein identification still represent the principle techniques used by the vast majority of researchers to solve problems in biology.
The study of wetland plants has been of interest to botanists for many years, but the need
to identify and understand these plants has expanded dramatically since the 1970s. At that
time, ecologists began to make known the vital role that wetlands play in our landscapes.
The image of wetlands has shifted from that of mosquito-ridden wastelands to natural
areas of critical importance. Because the field of wetland ecology has expanded, so has the
study of the plants that thrive there, and their role in ecosystem dynamics.
The Names of Plants is an invaluable reference for botanists and horticulturalists. The ﬁrst section gives an historical account of the signiﬁcant changes in the ways by which plants have been known and named. It documents the problems associated with an ever-increasing number of common names of plants, and the resolution of these problems through the introduction of International Codes for both botanical and horticultural nomenclature.
Salinity stress negatively impacts agricultural yield throughout the world affecting production whether it is for subsistence or
economic gain. The plant response to salinity consists of numerous processes that must function in coordination to alleviate both cellular
hyperosmolarity and ion disequilibrium. In addition, crop plants must be capable of satisfactory biomass production in a saline
environment (yield stability).
Developmental biology: The anatomical tradition The Questions of Developmental Biology Anatomical Approaches to Developmental Biology Comparative Embryology Evolutionary Embryology Medical Embryology and Teratology Mathematical Modeling of Development Principles of Development:
from the Latin cella, meaning storeroom or chamber. It was first used in biology in 1665 by the English botanist Robert Hooke to describe the individual units of the honeycomb-like structure he observed in cork under a compound microscope. The “cells” Hooke observed were actually the empty lumens of dead cells surrounded by cell walls, but the term is an apt one because cells are the basic building blocks that define plant structure. This book will emphasize the physi
(BQ) Ebook Biochemistry of Plant Secondary Metabolism is designed for use by advanced students, researchers and profes-sionals in plant biochemistry, physiology, molecular biology, genetics, agricul-ture and pharmacy working in the academic and industrial sectors, including the pesticide and pharmaceutical industries.
This authoritative new work analyses European plant intellectual property
rights. Whilst the focus of the work is on Europe, and in particular the European
Patent Convention, the Council Regulation on Community Plant Variety Rights
and the EU Directive on the Legal Protection of Biotechnological Inventions,
these provisions are discussed within the context of international legislation,
including the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property
Rights (TRIPs) and the Convention on Biological Diversity.
LIFE ON EARTH ULTIMATELY DEPENDS ON ENERGY derived from the sun. Photosynthesis is the only process of biological importance that can harvest this energy. In addition, a large fraction of the planet’s energy resources results from photosynthetic activity in either recent or ancient times (fossil fuels). This chapter introduces the basic physical principles that underlie photosynthetic energy storage and the current understanding of the structure and function of the photosynthetic apparatus (Blankenship 2002). The term photosynthesis means literally “synthesis using light.
The Biological Sciences Curriculum Study (BSCS) was established in 1958 with
the mission to improve the quality of biology education at all levels. Not long
after the inception of the organization, our mission was expanded to include the
improvement of science education, not just biology education. In 2000, we further
articulated this mission to describe the work we would do in curriculum develop-
ment, professional development, and research and evaluation.
The heat radiation from gas flaring greatly affects the surrounding
environment and particular crops planted within the vicinity of gas flare stations
(Abdulkareem and Odigure, 2002). It also has a devastating effect on microorganisms and
aquatic life. Heat radiation from gas flaring also causes an increase in heat waves hence
there is the possibility that habitants of Niger-Delta Area, where the gas flaring stations are
located will suffer heart stroke, heart attacks and other ailments aggravated by the heat
(Odigure et al., 2003).
In a book titled Photosynthesis it is easy to forget that light is not simply the energy driving
plant metabolism. Light also is the central environmental factor that affects plant size, shape
and development. In fact, light activation of photomorphogenic signaling pathways sets the
stage for photosynthesis and ensures the maintenance of the apparatus. The effects of
specific wavebands of light exert their influence on plant biology from the molecular level
all the way up to the higher morphological level, and even contribute to the canopy form as
This book, now in its third edition, began almost 25 years ago when Weed
Ecology: Implications for Vegetation Management was published in 1984. That
text concentrated on the need for farmers, foresters, rangeland managers, and the
researchers who advised them to understand better the biology of weeds and
the role people play in creating and maintaining weeds in agriculture and other
production systems. We were assisted in that first effort by the writings of many
early scientists, such as J. L. Harper, H. G. Baker, and E. J.