Bacteria that associate with plants are diverse in their ability to affect plant health, their genotypic and phenotypic characteristics, and their phylogeny. These bacteria are typically members of complex microbial communities, with only a few establishing pure clonal populations within a plant.
This paper uses sequential stochastic dominance procedures to compare the joint
distribution of health and income across space and time. It is the first application of
which we are aware of methods to compare multidimensional distributions of income
and health using procedures that are robust to aggregation techniques. The paper’s
approach is more general than comparisons of health gradients and does not require the
estimation of health equivalent incomes. We illustrate the approach by contrasting
Canada and the US using comparable data.
This book aims to strengthen the knowledge base dealing with Air Pollution. The book consists of 21 chapters dealing with Air Pollution and its effects in the fields of Health, Environment, Economy and Agricultural Sources. It is divided into four sections. The first one deals with effect of air pollution on health and human body organs. The second section includes the Impact of air pollution on plants and agricultural sources and methods of resistance. The third section includes environmental changes, geographic and climatic conditions due to air pollution....
Thermal power plants are one of the most important process industries for engineering professionals. Over the past few decades, the power sector has been facing a number of critical issues. However, the most fundamental challenge is meeting the growing power demand in sustainable and efficient ways.
Invasive alien plants are harmful non-native plant species whose introduction
or spread threatens the environment, the economy, and society,
including human health. They can be introduced into Canada from other
countries or continents, or from one region of Canada to another. The current
threats posed by invasive alien plants are real and growing.
Why are invasive alien plants a problem? The economic cost of invasive alien
plants to Canadians is enormous. Weeds in crops and pastures alone cost an
estimated $2.2 billion annually.
This book is a response to that need for a synthesis. It contains 17 chapters, each prepared by authors who are internation- ally recognized for their knowledge and expertise in a particular area of soil/plant biology.
The living organism
which will be deeply affected are shredders, which feed on coarse sedimentary detritus, and
collector-gatherers, which feed on fine sedimentary detritus, were the macroinvertebrate
functional feeding groups are most adversely affected. Furthermore, during the industrial
process, high amount of hydrofluoric acid (HF) are used to separate different sandy
materials which are subsequently used for manufacturing glass at industrial plants.
Therefore, high concentration of fluoride ion and suspended inorganic matter discharged by
the industrial into the study site....
“Be it deep or shallow, red or black, sand or clay, the soil is the link between the rock
core of the earth and the living things on its surface. It is the foothold for the plants we
grow. Therein lays the main reason for our interest in soils.” --- Roy W. Simonson,
USDA Yearbook of Agriculture, 1957.
The British naturalist Charles Darwin (1809–1882) was probably the first scientist to
examine a soil profile and suggest factors responsible for the structure of the various
Plant species that invade an alien area and outgrow the native vegetation, establishing
and increasing their own territory, often lead to negative economic, environmental,
and social impacts. Even native species can behave like invasive species by their
exponential spread. Similarly, not all non-native species are invasive. Many alien
invasive species, however, do threaten the health and integrity of our terrestrial and
How different levels of
genetic variance affect the rate of evolutionary change within populations has also been
intensively studied. Such changes were originally studied using phenotypic markers:
variation among individual plants in traits, such as leaf shape or flower color (Ward et al.,
2008). Subsequently the detection of genetic variation has become more sensitive, firstly
through the utilization of variation in enzymes (allozymes) and then through PCR-based
marker systems allowing direct examination of DNA sequence variation.
"Bioactive Food Peptides in Health and Disease" highlights recent developments on bioactive food peptides for the promotion of human health and the prevention/management of chronic diseases. The book provides a comprehensive revision of bioactive peptides obtained from both animal and plant food sources. Aspects related to their bioactivity, mechanism of action, and bioavailability are extensively described along the different chapters.
The Wisconsin Family Health Survey (FHS) collects information about health insurance coverage, health
status, health problems and use of health care services among Wisconsin residents. This survey began in
1989 and has been conducted annually since then. This report is based on responses collected in 2008,
the same year that the BadgerCare Plus health insurance program was implemented (February 2008).
The survey results presented in this report are representative of Wisconsin household residents, who
constitute approximately 97 percent of all persons residing in the state.
Adolescents, currently about 20 percent of the world’s population, have special
reproductive health concerns and face risks related to early sexual experience,
marriage and fertility. A rise in the age of marriage globally has contributed to
declines in adolescent fertility. However, up to 50 percent of women in some
countries still marry or enter a union by age 18, with this figure rising to 70 per-
cent by age 20. The proportion of young women married or in union by age 20 is
closely linked to adolescent fertility and exposure to reproductive health risks....
Those alarmed at current health care costs and nostalgic for those of times gone by generally fail to appreciate
that policy makers in the 1920s considered health care too costly and were concerned that the majority of American
households lacked access to it.
As late as 1910, “the cost of health care treatment was considered a minor problem compared to the loss of wages
due to sickness for most workers.”
In the early 1900s, patients either lived or died.
There is a theoretical concern that women with a short menstrual cycle may ovulate very early
in their cycle, putting them at risk of pregnancy if starting contraception as late as Day 5 or
Day 7 (LNG-IUS). There is no strong evidence to support or refute the risk but some sources of
patient information (e.g. FPA) advise additional contraception for women in this situation if
they have a cycle shorter than 23 days.
Faculty guidance on postnatal sexual and reproductive health includes recommendations on
starting contraceptive methods after childbirth.
Although not specifically referred to as quick starting, previous Faculty guidance has advised
that contraceptive methods can be started at any point in the menstrual cycle if a
practitioner is reasonably certain that the woman is not currently pregnant (Box 1)8 or at risk
of pregnancy. As sperm may be viable in the female reproductive tract for up to 7 days,
health professionals should consider if a woman is at risk of becoming pregnant as a result of
unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI) within the last 7 days.
The Animal Production and Health Section of the Joint FAO/IAEA Division of
Nuclear Techniques in Food and Agriculture recognises that the trend towards
intensification of livestock production in developing countries presents both opportunities
and challenges. The potential opportunities are the flow-on benefits to the
producers and local economy while the potential challenges are the flow-on costs
to the environment, animal health and welfare.
The magnitude of this relationship has important policy implications. If there is a
positive effect of mother’s education as knowledge on children’s health, certain type of
policies concerning the diffusion of speciﬁc information at community levels can be
called for. For example, one important channel through which mother’s education as
knowledge can affect child’s health at a community level is through the usage of health
facilities which can serve as a complement or even as a substitute for the mother’s
Starting contraception immediately, rather than waiting for the next menses, may
theoretically reduce the time a woman is at risk of pregnancy; prevent her forgetting
information on correct use of the method; prevent waning enthusiasm for the method and
use of a less reliable alternative method; avoid patient costs and barriers to returning for
contraception (e.g. transport, time, childcare) and reduce health care costs by reducing the
number of appointments.
Women who have taken EC or who have irregular cycles may have an even longer wait for
their next menses.