When I was asked by Timber Press to write a new book on resins, including
amber—Howes’s 1949 Vegetable Gums and Resins was the most recent such
effort—the breadth of interdisciplinary coverage seemed too ambitious for an
individual person. There have been so many advances in resin research in the
past half century, including the development of new fields of research such as
chemical ecology, and the exploration of other interesting facets about resins
made possible by new chemical, molecular, and microscopic techniques.
Honey bees (Apis mellifera L.) are the main pollinating agents for numerous
plants and fruit trees and, hence, play a key role in agriculture and
more generally in the maintenance of ecological biodiversity. Although
these social insects are not the targets of all the different agrochemical
treatments used in crop protection, they are widely affected by pesticides.
The outer layer had significantly higher SG and bending properties than the
inner layer. The SG varied along the culm height. The top portions had consistently
higher SG than the base. Bending strength had a strong positive correlation with SG. In
order to industrially use bamboo strips efficiently, it is advisable to remove minimal
surface material to produce high strength bamboo composites. Compression properties
parallel to the longitudinal direction was significantly higher than perpendicular to the
In continuation of our research on the chemical constituents of Calophyllum inophyllum L. (Clusiaceae)  we report in this paper the isolation and structure elucidation of tovopyrifolin C (1) and amentoflavone (2). Compounds 1 and 2 were isolated by repeated column chromatography of the resinous part, precipitating from the MeOH extract on addition of n-hexane.
The plant Cannabis sativa L. has a long history for human being since about BC 2000 for its use as fiber material, food and folk medicine; cannabis (hemp, marijuana) means the whole plant itself and its dried products except for its stem and seeds. The word “hashish” is mainly used for the resin of the cannabis plant.