Xem 1-20 trên 411 kết quả Plant systems
  • Recent research has established NMR as a key method for high-through-put comparative analysis of plant extracts. We discuss recent examples of the use of NMR to provide metabolomic data for various applications in plant science and look forward to the key role that NMR will play in data provision for plant systems biology.

    pdf6p galaxyss3 21-03-2013 10 2   Download

  • With shortages of fossil energy and heavy biomass energy use occurring in both developed and developing countries, a major focus has developed worldwide on renewable energy systems. Currently, a heavy focus is on biofuels made from crops, crop residues and wood. Though it may seem beneficial to use renewable plant materials for biofuel, their use raises many concerns about major environmental problems, including food shortages and serious destruction of vital soil resources.

    pdf513p chipmoon 19-07-2012 137 54   Download

  • Engineering for sustainability is an emerging theme for the twenty-first century, and the need for more environmentally benign electric power systems is a critical part of this new thrust. Renewable energy systems that take advantage of energy sources that won’t diminish over time and are independent of fluctuations in price and availability are playing an ever-increasing role in modern power systems.

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  • This chapter aims at providing an overview of products and systems using batteries. Here, the term product indicates any device – small or large, portable or not – powered by a battery. The term system indicates a large installation, such as an energy storage plant to back up an electricity grid, or an extended sensor network.

    pdf385p minhtuan 04-08-2009 122 34   Download

  • All air-handling units (AHUs) and many terminal units, if they are not self-contained, require a source of heating and/or cooling energy. This source is called a central plant, and the means by which thermal energy is transferred between the central plant and the AHU is usually a fluid conveyed through a piping system. The fluids used in HVAC practice are steam, hot or cold water, brine, refrigerant, or a combination of these. The equipment used to generate the thermal energy is described in Chap. 7. In this chapter we discuss the transport systems. ...

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  • The design and construction of central plants for heating and cooling is one of the most challenging and interesting aspects of the HVAC design profession. Central plants range in size from small to very large, from residential to industrial utility scale. There are many areas of individual expertise and many levels of competence among designers.

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  • Evidence grows daily of the rapid changes in climate due to human activities and their impact on plants and animals. Plant function is inextricably linked to climate and atmospheric carbon dioxide concentration. On the shortest and smallest scales the climate affects the plant’s immediate environment and thus directly influences physiological processes. On longer and larger time and space scales climate influ- ences species distribution and community composition and determines what crops can be viably produced in managed agricultural, horticultural and forestry ecosys- tems.

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  • In real-time applications, the timing requirements a re the main c onstraints a nd their mastering is the predominant factor for a ssessing the quality of service. Timing con-straints span many application a reas, suc h a s industrial plant automation, embedded systems, vehicle control, nuclear plant monitoring, scientific e xperiment guidance, robotics, multimedia audio a nd video str eam conditioning, surgical operation moni-toring, and stock exchange orders follow-up.

    pdf243p iamvip01 04-05-2012 61 19   Download

  • This thesis addresses two neural network based control systems. The first is a neural network based predictive controller. System identification and controller design are discussed. The second is a direct neural network controller. Parameter choice and training methods are discussed. Both controllers are tested on two different plants. Problems regarding implementations are discussed. First the neural network based predictive controller is introduced as an extension to the generalised predictive controller (GPC) to allow control of non-linear plant.

    pdf163p o0_mrduong_0o 30-03-2013 35 16   Download

  • This book comprises of 13 chapters and is written by experts from industries, and academics from countries such as USA, Canada, Germany, India, Australia, Spain, Italy, Japan, Slovenia, Malaysia, Mexico, etc. This book covers many important aspects of energy management, forecasting, optimization methods and their applications in selected industrial, residential, generation system. This book also captures important aspects of smart grid and photovoltaic system.

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  • Poverty is a severe problem in Africa, Asia, South America and even in pockets of the developed world. Addressing poverty alleviation via the expanded use of biological nitrogen fixation in agriculture was the theme of the 15th International Congress on Nitrogen Fixation.

    pdf353p tom_123 14-11-2012 45 12   Download

  • MINERAL NUTRIENTS ARE ELEMENTS acquired primarily in the form of inorganic ions from the soil. Although mineral nutrients continually cycle through all organisms, they enter the biosphere predominantly through the root systems of plants, so in a sense plants act as the “miners” of Earth’s crust (Epstein 1999). The large surface area of roots and their ability to absorb inorganic ions at low concentrations from the soil solution make mineral absorption by plants a very effective process.

    pdf20p anhphuonggl 11-04-2013 52 9   Download

  • SURVIVAL ON LAND POSES SOME SERIOUS CHALLENGES to terrestrial plants, foremost of which is the need to acquire and retain water. In response to these environmental pressures, plants evolved roots and leaves. Roots anchor the plant and absorb water and nutrients; leaves absorb light and exchange gases. As plants increased in size, the roots and leaves became increasingly separated from each other in space. Thus, systems evolved for long-distance transport that allowed the shoot and the root to efficiently exchange products of absorption and assimilation.

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  • (BQ) Ebook Simatic Component based Automation Commissioning Systems is designed to enable you to commission the sample plant described. It is directed towards persons who work in the field of configuration, missioning and servicing automation systems.

    pdf198p nguyenthai_thinh 07-10-2014 27 9   Download

  • Tham khảo sách 'root cause failure analysis plant engineering maintenance series vibration fundamentals r. keith', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • System Protection and Control Performance Improvement Initiative –aka SPI Launched April 24, 2009 NERC Board recognition of the importance of system protection to reliability Goal: Improve BES reliability Purpose: Improve the performance of power system Protection Systems through fostering technical excellence in protection and control system design, coordination, and practices.

    pdf47p lulanphuong 22-03-2012 33 7   Download

  • This book is the first comprehensive volume on the computer simulation of plant development. It contains a full account of the algorithms used to model plant shapes and developmental processes, Lindenmayer systems in particular. With nearly 50 color plates, the spectacular results of the modelling are vividly illustrated. "This

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  • The scope of this book is to demonstrate that we do have an ecosystem theory that can be used to describe ecosystem structure and function. It was previously shown in the book, Integration of Ecosystem Theories: A Pattern (3rd edition, 2002), that the various contributions to systems ecology are consistent and together form a pattern of ecological processes. My book with Yuri Svirezhev, Toward a Thermodynamic Theory of Ecosystems (2004), presented the thermodynamics of this pattern in a mathematical language....

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  • Tham khảo sách 'second edition practical machinery management for process plants volume 3', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • This book, now in its third edition, began almost 25 years ago when Weed Ecology: Implications for Vegetation Management was published in 1984. That text concentrated on the need for farmers, foresters, rangeland managers, and the researchers who advised them to understand better the biology of weeds and the role people play in creating and maintaining weeds in agriculture and other production systems. We were assisted in that first effort by the writings of many early scientists, such as J. L. Harper, H. G. Baker, and E. J.

    pdf475p camchuong_1 11-12-2012 34 6   Download

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