Xem 1-20 trên 22 kết quả Plantation crops
  • To establish a forest pest and disease database reference collections. Two. To provide training in forest health monitoring, damage assessment, pest risk analysis, collection, preservation, identification and Curation. 3. To establish and equip a network of experimental observations FSIV center based on additional regional centers Department of Crop Protection.

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  • This project supports the development of crops with small profit in central Vietnam, developing high-value sawlogs glue for the wood processing industry of Vietnam's solid. Project to build scientific capacity of the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) to breed varieties suitable for acacia sawlog production, research and silvicultural applications to support sustainable forest and profitable.

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  • Second, a discussion of key determinants of the way the agricultural sector is organized highlights that, while large operations have historically had a dominant role in plantation crops, agricultural production, in contrast to marketing or processing, is not characterized by significant economies of scale.

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  • The soil ecosystem provides services such as carbon sequestration, nutrient cycling, water purification, provisioning of industrial and pharmaceutical goods, and a mitigating sink for chemical and biological agents. However, the soil is subject to various degradation processes. Its relation with the hydrosphere, biosphere, and atmosphere makes the interacting processes even more complex. Moreover, as the soilhuman interactions increase, threats, leading to a series of impacts on soil health, become more important....

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  • This project supports the development of crops with small profit at the central Vietnam, increase high-value sawlogs glue for the wood processing industry of Vietnam's solid. Project to build scientific capacity of the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) Acacia seed varieties suitable for sawlog production, and conduct applied silvicultural research to support sustainable forestry and profitable.

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  • This project supports the development of crops with small profit at the central Vietnam, increase high-value sawlogs glue for the wood processing industry of Vietnam's solid. Project to build scientific capacity of the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) Acacia seed varieties suitable for sawlog production, and conduct applied silvicultural research to support sustainable forestry and profitable.

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  • At the same time, by comparing over time, case studies document that well-executed investments can provide benefits. These accrue through four main channels, namely (i) social infrastructure, often supported by community development funds using land compensation; (ii) employment and jobs; (iii) access to markets and technology for local producers; and (iv) local or national tax revenue. In all cases, economic viability of investment is a necessary condition for positive social outcomes to materialize, including food security.

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  • This project supports the development of crops with small profit at the central Vietnam, increase high-value sawlogs glue for the wood processing industry of Vietnam's solid. Project to build scientific capacity of the Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) Acacia seed varieties suitable for sawlog production, and conduct applied silvicultural research to support sustainable forestry and profitable.

    pdf12p xau_la 10-02-2012 32 6   Download

  • Maize has been cultivated in Ghana for several hundred years. After being introduced in the late 16th century, it soon established itself as an important food crop in the southern part of the country. Very early on, maize also attracted the attention of commercial farmers, although it never achieved the economic importance of traditional plantation crops, such as oil palm and cocoa.

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  • A well-known and important exception to the superior performance of owner-operated units of production over those relying on wage labor is in plantation crops, where economies of scale in processing and the need for close coordination of production and processing can make plantations more efficient. The need for quick processing of some harvest products to avoid deterioration, often within 24-48 hours, requires tight adherence to delivery and harvesting schedules and transmits economies of scale in processing to the production stage (Binswanger and Rosenzweig 1986).

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  • Two large blocks of land were appraised for suitability for the development of planta- tion crops: Block A, north-west of Cameroon Mountain, including some areas of its foothills; Block B, extending eastward from the Douala-Mbanga road at Kompina toward the Wouri and Dibombe rivers (see Text Maps 1.1, 1.2 and 3.1). Block B was rejected because most of the area was topographically unsuitable. Several areas in Block A were also rejected because they were already settled or topographically unsuit- able.

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  • The hard surfacing material required for the roads can be extracted in the hilly area to the east of the Boa Plain. It is proposed that a project manager with a wide international experience of planta- tion crop development be appointed to direct the operation and ensure that i t func- tions efficiently. He should be assisted by a field manager with a sound experience of oi l palm and rubber planting to ensure a high standard of crop establishment and early maintenance. Estate managers would be appointed during the development phase to gain experience.

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  • A second process was the expansion of soybeans and other crops in the cerrado (savannah) region of Brazil by using varieties, soil amendments and conservation tillage developed through long-standing public investment in research and development that allowed cultivation of acid soils that were previously considered unsuitable for agriculture. This was a major technological success that dramatically increased production and exports.

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  • As part of our class project for a Green Business Management course, taught by Professor Will O’Brien, we have developed a Sustainability Plan for Plantation Apartment Homes focusing on both sustainable behaviors and community involvement throughout the apartment homes. This plan incorporates several recommendations pertaining to these topics. Its purpose to is to guide residents and management in fostering a more environmentally friendly and healthy living environment.

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  • 8 Crop protection Crop protection practices are linked to the cropping system. The use of commercial pesticides is by and large limited to orchards and large plantations. In orchards of small trees, such as mandarin, guava or apple, pesticides are often used to excess. Intensive crop care drives up the cost so much that the grower cannot risk crop failure;

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  • Le Trong Trai et al. (2001) argued that with an abundance of heavily degraded land available for rehabilitation, forest management and other land uses, there is considerable potential for cash earning activities in the buffer zone (for example through economic crop plantations). This activity would also reduce the overall pressure on the forest resources in the nature reserve. They also suggested that current arrangements for forest development and management in the bare lands are costly, create social tensions and seem to be unsustainable in the long run.

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  • Theimpactonthenaturalhabitatisofgreatconcernatpresent.Increasingdemandcouldforce thedestructionofnaturalhabitats,breedinggrounds,removalofwintercover,shelterbedsfor somespecies.Mechanizationofagriculturesawthedestructionofnests,burrows,etc.Similar impactbutwithgreaterintensitycanbeexpectedtoresultfromenergycropplantations. Extendingenergycropfarmingintounusable,nonagriculturallandcanhaveanegativeimpact on that particular eco system.

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  • Replacing agricultural land for energy crop plantations, as the former lack proper structure (becauseoffollowingmonoagriculturalpattern)cannotbejustifiedbyanypossibleterms.The biodiversitythatenergycropssupportcanhaveapositiveimpactononetypeofspecieswhere acompletelyharmfulimpactonanother. Plantingnonindigenouscrops for thesake for increasingproductionandprofitmayharm the localbiodiversityevenfurther.Oftennonindigenouscropsdestroythenatural landscapeand may lead to fragmentationof theecologicaldiversity.

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  • Participatory mapping exercises began during the very first days of the survey with two women and men groups of villagers using two basic maps, assisted by two research members to explain the objectives of the exercise. They facilitated the process through discussion with villagers about which resources and land types to add to the basic maps. These maps were then put together to build a single map representing the perception of the overall community. During all our onsite activities, the map was available to any villager for adding features and making corrections.

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  • While the rubber trees are immature, selected legume cover crops such as Pueraria phoseoloides, Culopogonium mucunoides and Centrosemu pubescens may be grown on rubber plantations. Intercropping can be carried out with coconut trees and banana plants within the rubber plantation. Sometimes banana alone is used as an intercrop. Intercropping can also be carried out with rice, longgong, mangosteen, satow, bamboo, jampada, riang, durian, pineapple, coffee trees, neem and hot pepper (ITTO, 2000).

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