The BAT (Best Available Techniques) Reference Document (BREF) entitled “Best Available
Techniques for the Manufacture of Organic Fine Chemicals” (OFC) reflects an information
exchange carried out under Article 16(2) of Council Directive 96/61/EC (IPPC Directive). This
executive summary describes the main findings, a summary of the principal BAT conclusions
and the associated consumption and emission levels. It should be read in conjunction with the
preface, which explains this document’s objectives; how it is intended to be used and legal
The emphasis that firms in all three sectors are placing on risk management and risk
measurement issues is encouraging. This should result in stronger and better managed
firms. The ability to improve risk quantification can provide important tools for assessing
risk/return trade-offs and encourage sound risk management practices. However, firms need
to understand the limitations of such methodologies and should supplement these where
necessary, for example through stress testing.
the main lesson to draw from this broad range of strategies is the importance of community
engagement and the key leadership role that women living with Hiv have to play in tailoring the
Hiv response to their needs.
When the walk-through is complete, the employer should
organize and analyze the data so that it may be efficiently used in
determining the proper types of PPE required at the worksite. The
employer should become aware of the different types of PPE
available and the levels of protection offered. It is definitely a good
idea to select PPE that will provide a level of protection greater than
the minimum required to protect employees from hazards.
When failures occur, the fail over process moves processing performed by the failed
component to the backup component. This process remasters systemwide resources,
recovers partial or failed transactions, and restores the system to normal, preferably
within a matter of microseconds. The more transparent that fail over is to users, the
higher the availability of the system.
Oracle has a number of products and features that provide high availability in cases of
unplanned downtime or planned downtime.
Taking the basic guidelines established by the «Bologna Declaration» and that constitute
the principles that govern the «European Area of Higher Education» as a starting point, in
this discussion, we have presented in a summarised way the steps taken by Spanish Uni-
versities to converge with the European Higher Education Area within the given deadline
The most direct power of stock exchanges to enforce compliance obviously
pertains to those standards which are also incorporated in the listing
requirements. For instance, in the Australian model only those recommendations
of the Code which are also part of the listing rules are subject to regular
surveillance and enforcement by the ASX16
, whereas others recommendations
are to be observed on the CoE basis.
Although the income gradient in health status increases by the same amount across the
two countries when similar years of data and larger sample sizes are used, there is nonetheless a
substantial difference in the size of the income gradient across the two countries. The coefficient
on the logarithm of income for all children combined is –0.194 using the 1997-2005 English
data, relative to –0.262 using the more recent American data.
The hydraulic system consists of an oil sump, one or two oil pumps, an air over oil accumulator
tank, and piping to the servomotors. Typically, there are two pumps with lead and lag controls so
that there is always a backup pump. Some systems will share two pumps between two units so
that in an emergency one pump could be used for both units. The accumulator tank is usually
sized so that in the event the pumps fail, the gates can still be closed.
The size of the valve required to control the large amount of oil...
At the end of a day and a half of presentations and discussion, participants concluded that,
while more research is needed, there are immediate opportunities to mediate the growing health
risks associated with poor eating and physical inactivity. These areas suggest both voluntary and
regulatory strategies that focus on strengthening industry accountability, while changing the
food and physical activity environment and promoting healthier behaviors.
As we reported in May 2007 , the TCF “implementation” deadline tested whether
firms were implementing necessary changes in a substantial part of their business. Firms
were expected to have allocated appropriate resources and responsibilities, developed
plans and processes, and created capability to meet the TCF principle. We would expect
a firm’s implementation plan to identify and tackle any gaps in their ability to ensure
customers are treated fairly, including the designing and selling of PPI.
Because larger ﬁrms are much more likely to be covered by collective bargaining
contracts and works councils, a closely related issue concerns the independent role
of ﬁrm size in providing wage insurance. As ﬁrm size is typically viewed as a good
proxy for capital market access (e.g., Gertler and Gilchrist 1994), insurance contracts
should be particularly apparent for individuals working at larger employers.
Make network security testing a routine and integral part of the system and network operations
and administration. Organizations should conduct routine tests of systems and verify that systems have
been configured correctly with the appropriate security mechanisms and policy. Routine testing prevents
many types of incidents from occurring in the first place. The additional costs for performing this testing
will be offset by the reduced costs in incident response.
Test the most important systems first.
Despite the increased demand for graduate business education
stemming from the current economic slowdown and other contrib-
uting factors, the savvy business school applicant is in a unique po-
sition to secure a coveted seat in a leading MBA program through
some additional due diligence. Understanding what wows and irri-
tates admissions officers at leading business schools, and tailoring
the MBA application accordingly, can propel one’s candidacy from
unlikely to competitive.
A summary of the different styles of hedge funds and
the proportion of the market they occupy is shown in Table
4, based on Hedge Fund Industry Research data. An
indication of the broad activity involved in the style is
shown on the right hand side. Most of these strategies are
long-short in nature: all of the equity hedge (e.g. long a
stock and long a put to hedge its fall); most of event driven
(e.g. buy the target M&A company and sell the buyer); all of
relative value arbitrage (e.g. buy the London listing and sell
State of Israel Bonds. State of Israel bonds are securities issued by
the Israeli government through the Development Corporation of Israel
that are marketed to the Israeli diaspora in particular to help build the
nation’s infrastructure. Sixty years after David Ben-Gurion established
the program in 1951, State of Israel bonds have raised over $33 billion.
Today, Israel considers the issuance of these bonds as a stable source of
overseas borrowing and an important mechanism for maintaining ties
with its diaspora.
The big challenge though is to show that education does make a difference to how people
behave. Asking people at the end of a seminar whether they will do things differently is
weak evidence.What people say they will do is known to diverge from what they
actually do. “Good resolutions are useless attempts to interfere with scientific laws. Their
origin is pure vanity. The result is absolutely nil.” (Oscar Wilde, The Picture of Dorian
Gray) As we shall note, Choi et al (2006) find Wilde’s dictum is certainly true of pension
Definition of long-term objectives includes the identification of key functions that will have
to be performed in order to achieve reasonably effective water pollution control at all
administrative levels. This evaluation and description of necessary management
functions and levels should be made without giving too much consideration to the
existing administrative capacity at various administrative levels. It may be assumed, for
example, that there is a reasonable capacity to carry out the necessary tasks designated
at each level in the long-term strategy.
A listing of state charity offices is available through the
National Association of State Charity Officials at
www.nasconet.org. A listing of state attorneys general is
available through the National Association of Attorneys
General at www.naag.org.
Contact your state charity official if you have a concern
or complaint that a charity or fundraiser is not complying
with state laws.
Environmental indicators are essential tools for tracking environmental progress, supporting
policy evaluation and informing the public. Since the early 1990s, such indicators have gained in
importance in many countries and in international fora. As part of their commitment to transparency
and to better information of the public, OECD countries increasingly use a reduced number of
indicators, so-called “key indicators”, selected from larger sets to report on major environmental