This is a survey paper on Quality-of-Service(QoS) based routing. In this paper, we first introduce the
concept of Quality-of-Service and its background. Second, we discuss the concepts of QoS-based
routing, its objectives and main issues. After that, several types of QoS based routing algorithms are
compared, and the advantages and disadvantages of each type discussed. Then, the relations between
QoS based routing and some relevant techniques are studied, including traffic engineering, high level
admission control, resource reservation protocols(e.g.
Chapter 5 objectives: Describe how the various path control methods affect traffic, configure offset-lists for path control, configure the IP Service-Level Agreement feature for path control, configure policy based routing for path control, describe advanced path control tools.
This white paper explains the concepts, architecture, and implementation details for registry-based
Group Policy in Microsoft® Windows® operating systems. It shows how to create custom
Administrative Template (.adm) files and includes a complete reference for the .adm language. In
addition, it includes information about changes in .adm files for Windows XP with Service Pack 2
Open market operations
Affect the quantity of reserves and the monetary base
Changes in borrowed reserves
Affect the monetary base
Changes in reserve requirements
Affect the money multiplier
Federal funds rate—the interest rate on overnight loans of reserves from one bank to another
Primary indicator of the stance of monetary policy
QoS is a policy-based QoS management solution from Check Point Software Technologies Ltd., satisfies
your needs for a bandwidth management solution. QoS is a unique, software-only based application that
manages traffic end-to-end across networks, by distributing enforcement throughout network hardware and
In 1993, the first of the GIS Research U.K. (GISRUK) conferences was held at
the University of Keele. Before that, U.K. GIS conferences had been very
broad-based, bringing together the entire spectrum of people who created
and used spatial data and the software to process the data. While such
conferences were very valuable, it was felt that there was also a need for
an academic conference where the focus would be purely on research.
This manual is an effort to assist law enforcement agencies and other
computer crime investigators by providing a resource guide compiled
from the vast pool of information on the Internet. This manual is not
intended to replace any formal training or education. This manual should
be used as a supplemental guide to reference too. It was not my
intention to compile this manual to provide a specific solution for
investigators. This was intended to provide a general overview, which
would assist in helping to developing a solution. This solution does not
have to be hardware or software based.
IFA (“Institutions for Floods in Asia”) project focuses on institutional dimension of river floods risk reduction in the Asian countries that along with structural approaches constitutes the core in human responses to floods. IFA aggregates and compares results of country-based research in order to further explore the problem How to strengthen capacities and performance of institutions to reduce flood risks. Rich evidence for testing IFA approaches is provided from recent case-studies of big river floods in Bangladesh, Burma/Myanmar, Japan, Russia,......
Basing on clarifying basic argument problem on young human resources and policies for developing young human resources, the thesis focuses on analyzing and evaluating the current situation of policies for young human resources in the Northwest, simultaneously interpreting basic solutions to complement the system of policies for developing young human resources in the Northwest.
The purpose of the dissertation is to develop the scientific foundation for the results-based management of public policy implementation, then to propose solutions for application of the results-based management of public policy implementation in Vietnam.
An important contribution to the debates surrounding the evolution of the European welfare state model, this volume investigates the role that “ideational leadership” has played in the passing of structural reforms in the change-resistant German welfare state. Based on in-depth case studies of individual reforms in health care, pensions, and unemployment insurance since the early 1990s, Stiller illuminates the ways in which Germany has made the transition from its Bismarckian past to a hybrid welfare state....
The international consequences of zero-interest-rate policies are also negative. With
interbank markets in the U.S. and Europe congested, forward foreign exchange markets become
more difficult to organize. Without forward cover, exporters and importers find it more difficult
to secure normal letters of credit. In the financial panic of 2008, foreign trade imploded much
more than domestic trade.
In addition, the Fed’s zero interest rate strategy inevitably weakens the dollar in the
Although Iraq remains hostile to the United States, Baghdad has repeatedly compromised, and at times caved, in response to U.S. pressure and threats. An analysis of attempts to coerce Iraq since Desert Storm reveals that military strikes and other forms of pressure that threatened Saddam Husayn’s relationship with his power base
This paper attempts to examine the changes in surface water environment and community based coastal resources management activities in the Tam Giang Lagoon, Central Vietnam. The results show that the lagoon’s surface water has been polluted. BOD５, COD and nutrient concentration have increased in the lagoon’s surface water environment. It proved that there was a present of organic substances. Due to the globalization of seafood products and changes in lagoon’s water quality by aquaculture development; the local government has...
When the need arises to protect selected user workstations from intrusion and virus epidemics,
the administrator usually has to visit each computer to manually install and configure its firewall
to comply with corporate security policies. Practically always, the same settings and tools are
used with each workstation. In complex distributed networks this requires an administrator to
spend a lot of time duplicating the same sets of operations multiple times. Moreover, the
administrator must manually reapply all modifications made by each individual user.