Government intervenes in a myriad of ways at the local level, and rarely are these interventions coordinated effectively. In the context of the economic recovery and public budget cuts, policy silos and fragmented short-term policy interventions have become luxuries that our economies can no longer afford
Official policies for SME development can be evaluated against their impact upon enterprise culture,
start-up, survival and growth of SMEs, and stakeholder empathy. Each of these criteria feeds off the others.
Enterprise culture will be strong where there are high rates of SME growth. Where SMEs are dominant
features in the local and regional economic and social environment, stakeholders themselves will be
influenced and will adjust their behaviour accordingly.
This template of culture and business and stakeholder development may be used in very different
Tham khảo sách 'mental health policy and service guidance package: mental health legislation & human rights', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả
The impossible trinity theory states that a country simultaneously may choose at most two of the following three goals: monetary independence, exchange rare stability and fully financial integration. In the context of financial integration steadily increasing in most countries, the choices and trade-offs between policy objectives become more and more important, because a combined policy will bring different effects for the economy.
This book presents the findings and recommendations of the evaluation of the World Bank's Strategic Environmental Assessment (SEA) Pilot Program. It shows that SEA can contribute to improving development policy and sector reform by calling attention to environmental and social priorities, strengthening constituencies, enhancing policy capacities, and improving social accountability. It also provides guidance for undertaking SEA in policy and sector reform.
.The research described in this report was sponsored by the Smith Richardson Foundation and was conducted under the auspices of the International Security and Defense Policy Center within the RAND National Security Research Division (NSRD). NSRD conducts research and analysis for the Office of the Secretary of Defense, the Joint Staff, the Unified Commands, the defense agencies, the Department of the Navy, the Marine Corps, the U.S. Coast Guard, the U.S. Intelligence Community, allied foreign governments, and foundations....
he republics of Central Asia, which received comparatively little attention from the United States in their first ten years of independence, suddenly increased in value when the United States deployed forces and set up bases of operation in the region in support of Operation Enduring Freedom. In that context, the U.S. government
This paper designs a novel lexical hub to disambiguate word sense, using both syntagmatic and paradigmatic relations of words. It only employs the semantic network of WordNet to calculate word similarity, and the Edinburgh Association Thesaurus (EAT) to transform contextual space for computing syntagmatic and other domain relations with the target word. Without any back-off policy the result on the English lexical sample of SENSEVAL-21 shows that lexical cohesion based on edge-counting techniques is a good way of unsupervisedly disambiguating senses. ...
(BQ) Sport and Policy is the first book of its kind to critically analyse the regulatory role of the state and its impact on sport and the intersections of sport with other areas of government policy. Offering a unique and comprehensive examination of how sport is affected by a range of government policy, each chapter uses an international comparative approach in order to facilitate a broad understanding of sport and policy in a global context.
Thus, after buying into winning funds,
investors unwittingly benefit from momentum returns on winning stocks. To
test this reasoning, Sapp and Tiwari calculate abnormal performance following
money f lows with and without accounting for the momentum factor, and find
that inclusion of the momentum factor in the performance evaluation proce-
dure eliminates outperformance of high f low funds. In addition, they show that
investors are not deliberate in seeking to benefit from stock-level momentum:
More popular funds do not have higher exposure to themomentumfactor at the
time they are selected.
ssessment, review, and practice for CCSP SNPA exam 642-522
The official study guide helps you master all the topics on the SNPA exam, including:
Cisco Security Appliance translation and connection
Access control configuration
Modular policy framework
This is the ﬁrst comprehensive analysis of the European Union law of food regu-
lation. It details the way in which EU law impacts upon the production and sale of
food throughout the Union. It examines the legal protection accorded to the free
movement of food within the EU, discussing those circumstances in which
Member States may derogate from this principle, in particular where this is done
to protect human health or safeguard consumer interests. Chapter four discusses
and places in context the international trade law inﬂuences on EU food law.
We obtain our list of SRI funds from the Social Investment Forum's (SIF) reports published
in 1997, 1999, 2001, 2003, and 2005.
Each report contains comprehensive information about
SRI in the US for both the publication year and the preceding one. In particular, the reports
contain a list of SRI mutual funds compiled by SIF. To construct this list SIF employs a direct
survey methodology and gathers information from third parties. A fund is included in the SIF
list if it utilizes one or more social or environmental criteria as part of a formal investment
To be included in...
In the developed capital market, AMCs offer wider varieties of fund objectives and policies
responding to investor risk preferences. Specialized equity funds focus on narrow industry segments
dominate U.S. asset management industry (Bogle (2005)). Management fees of equity funds can be
viewed as the indicator of security selection and portfolio management skills of fund managers. Nazir
and Nawaz (2010) documented that higher management fees lead to higher total fund returns reflecting
in higher risk adjusted return or Sharpe’s ratio. ...
This book is an introduction to game theory from a mathematical perspective.
It is intended to be a first course for undergraduate students of mathematics,
but I also hope that it will contain something of interest to advanced students
or researchers in biology and economics who often encounter the basics of game
theory informally via relevant applications. In view of the intended audience,
the examples used in this book are generally abstract problems so that the
reader is not forced to learn a great deal of a subject – either biology or economics
– that may be unfamiliar.
Even if socially responsible investment does not impose a cost on SRI fund investors in terms of
reduced before-fee financial performance, these investors could still pay an explicit price for
their funds' social responsibility in the form of higher fees. Indeed, there are reasons to expect
fees charged by SRI funds to be higher. First, some SRI funds actively engage with the firms in
which they invest to encourage them to pursue socially responsible policies. The costs of such
active monitoring may be partly passed on to investors in the form of higher expenses.
This book deals with an Ayyubid-Mamluk Egyptian jurist's attempt to come to terms with the potential conflict between power, represented in the state, and authority, represented in the schools of law, particularly where one school enjoys a privileged status with the state. It deals with the history of the relationship between the schools of law, particularly in Mamluk Egypt, in the context of the running history of Islamic law from the formative period during which ijtihad was the dominant hegemony into the post-formative period during which taqlid came to dominate....
We live in a world infused with technologies, many old and many new.
Each day we learn of new technological advances often promoted to
redefine our lives and our societies. Information and communication
technologies (ICTs) have always been a part of the human social experience
from the invention of human language and writing, to the rapidly
evolving world wide web. These ICTs are central to modern life including
our personal and social relationships, our employment and our experience
of work, and the operation of the modern state.
Finally, the requirements that a fund has to fulfill in order to be included in the SIF's listing
of SRI funds are not stringent. For example, a fund could be on the list just by having a formal
policy of excluding companies with interests in the tobacco business. If the constraints that SRI
(as defined in our data set) imposes on fund managers are minor, the performance of SRI mutual
funds should not be expected to be lower than that of conventional funds. It is important to
highlight that the estimated performance differences between SRI and conventional funds
The issue of disparity and inequalities between black and minority ethnic groups and the
majority white population in rates of mental ill health and equality of service in terms of
experience and outcomes has figured in government policy since Labour took office in 1997.
The death of an African-Caribbean patient named David Bennett in a secure psychiatric unit
whilst detained under the Mental Health Act (1983) and the subsequent inquiry report
published in 2003 found the NHS to be “institutionally racist”.