Xem 1-20 trên 95 kết quả Policy cycle
  • Lecture Security + Guide to Network Security Fundamentals - Chapter 11 include objectives: Define the security policy cycle, explain risk identification, design a security policy, define types of security policies, define compliance monitoring and evaluation.

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  • The study of public policy, including the methods of policy analysis, has been among the most rapidly developing fi elds in the social sciences over the past several decades. Policy analysis emerged to both better understand the policymaking process and to suppy policy decision makers with reliable policy-relevant knowledge about pressing economic and social problems.

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  • In the surnmero f 1997, whent he Federal ReserveB anko f Bostons elected the topic for its fortysecond annual economicc onference, manyp undits werea sking: "Is the business cycle dead, or at least permanently dampened?"B y the time the Bank’s conference convenedi n June 1998, the same pundits queried: "What caused the massive recessions in Asia?" and "Can the United States remain ’an oasis of prosperity,’ as Fed Chairman Alan Greenspan termed it, while economiesw orldwidea re under siege from financial crises?" Howq uickly things change! BeyondS hocks:W hatC ausesB usiness Cycles ? t...

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  • Suggested citation for this report: Anne Turbé, Arianna De Toni, Patricia Benito, Patrick Lavelle, Perrine Lavelle, Nuria Ruiz, Wim H. Van der Putten, Eric Labouze, and Shailendra Mudgal. Soil biodiversity: functions, threats and tools for policy makers. Bio Intelligence Service, IRD, and NIOO, Report for European Commission (DG Environment), 2010.

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  • Policy framework for post-disaster for the affected groups rather comprehensive. The Government shall provide special groups affected, and support measures support level, policies on rescue and restore production as well as policy advocacy relief. Policy in post-disaster recovery is a top-down approach, so that governments level of response time and quick to minimize loss of human life and property and special famine occurred the consequences of natural disasters. However, in the long run, policies production recovery appears to be less drastic....

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  • Renewable fuels standard (RFS) policies are becoming a popular public policy mechanism for developing the market for renewable fuels in the transportation sector. During the past decade, U.S. states and several countries began implementing these more market-based (less command and control) policies to support increased biofuels production and use. This paper presents an overview of current and proposed U.S. state-level policies, as well as selected electric sector policies and international fuel standard policies. Current U.S.

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  • The risk-free yield curve also has fundamental implications for financial stability. It defines the terms of maturity transformation in an economy. Partly because of regulation, the “safe” assets that banks and institutional investors hold on their balance sheets are largely government bonds. The yield on government bonds will influence other risk exposures taken by the financial industry. And it is long-term rates – not short-term rates – that help determine the prices of long-term assets.

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  • Paying a market rate of interest on reserves could create cash flow problems for a central bank. One problem is that interest on reserves would be paid on a daily basis, but interest earnings would not accrue on a daily basis. Interest on short-term securities is paid on a discount basis rather than on a daily basis and interest on longer term securities is paid at infrequent intervals.

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  • Throughout the 1990s and into this century, the United States Air Force (USAF) has found it necessary to retain its aircraft fleets for unprecedentedly long service lives. Current plans forecast keeping portions of some existing fleets for as long as 80 years of service. The safety, aircraft availability, and cost implications of that fleetretention policy are unknown. Project AIR FORCE’s Aging Aircraft Project is conducting

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  • In this chapter you will: Understand how pricing objectives should guide strategic planning for pricing decisions; understand choices the marketing manager must make about price flexibility and price levels over the product life cycle; understand the many possible variations of a price structure, including discounts, allowances, and who pays transportation costs;...

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  • The main contents of this chapter include all of the following: Real business cycle theory, stabilization policy, figure: stabilizing a shift in aggregate demand, inflation shocks and the policy tradeoff, opportunities created by increased productivity, fiscal policy.

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  • "In China, illicit drug use is an administrative offense and Chinese law dictates that drug users 'must be rehabilitated.' In reality, police raids on drug users often drive them underground, away from methadone clinics, needle exchange sites, and other proven HIV prevention services. And every year Chinese policy send tens of thousands of drug users to mandatory frug treatment centers, often for years, without trial or due process" -- p. [4] of cover.An Unbreakable CycleDrug Dependency Treatment, Mandatory Confinement, and HIV/AIDSin China’s Guangxi ProvinceI. Executive Summary ...........

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  • Tham khảo sách 'challenges and issues with the further aging of u.s. air force aircraft - policy options for effective life-cycle management of resources', khoa học xã hội, lịch sử văn hoá phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Chapter 26 - Business cycles, unemployment, and inflation. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Describe the business cycle and its primary phases, illustrate how unemployment and inflation are measured, explain the types of unemployment and inflation and their various economic impacts.

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  • This chapter explores the tools of government stabilization policy in terms of the aggregate demand-aggregate (AD-AS) model. Next, the chapter examines fiscal policy measures that automatically adjust government expenditures and tax revenues when the economy moves through the business cycle phases. The recent use and resurgence of fiscal policy as a tool are discussed, as are problems, criticism, and complications of fiscal policy.

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Describe alternative perspectives on the causes of macroeconomic instability, including the views of mainstream economists, monetarists, real-business-cycle advocates, and proponents of coordination failures; explain what the equation of exchange is and how it relates to "monetarism"; discuss why new classical economists believe the economy will "self-correct" from aggregate demand and aggregate supply shocks; identify and describe the variations of the debate over "rules" versus "discretion" in conducting stabilization policy.

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  • After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Identify and explain the purposes, tools, and limitations of fiscal policy; explain the role of built-in stabilizers in moderating business cycles; describe how the cyclically-adjusted budget reveals the status of U.S. fiscal policy; discuss the size, composition, and consequences of the U.S. public debt.

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  • From 1992 to 2000, the pace of merger activity rose to unprecedented levels. An environment of sustained economic growth and rising stock prices facilitated transactions. Toward the end of 2000, the economic climate shifted and merger activity in the fourth quarter declined. The economy showed only small growth during the first quarter of 2001. Excess capacity in a number of industries had developed, and sales and profit disappointments began to widen. The business cycle had returned. Valuations in Internet companies and other high-tech industries have been sharply revised downward.

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  • The world faces serious difficulties in obtaining the energy that will be needed in coming decades for a growing population, especially given the problem of climate change caused by fossil fuel use. This book presents a view of nuclear energy as an important carbon-free energy option. It discusses the nuclear fuel cycle, the types of reactors used today and proposed for the future, nuclear waste disposal, reactor accidents and reactor safety, nuclear weapon proliferation, and the cost of electric power.

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  • This is probably the first study that has used resilience, the adaptive cycle and panarchy as a major part of the conceptual foundation for the work. Resilience (as used here) has been explored in the literature for about 30 years, the adaptive cycle originated about 18 years ago and both have been integrated within the panarchy concept for only a few years.

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