Policy dilemmas

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  • Chapter 16 - The fiscal policy dilemma. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Summarize the Classical view of sound finance, summarize the Keynesian view of functional finance, list six assumptions of the AS/AD model that lead to potential problems with the use of fiscal policy.

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  • Chapter 33 - The fiscal policy dilemma. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Summarize the Classical view of sound finance, summarize the Keynesian view of functional finance, list six assumptions of the AS/AD model that lead to potential problems with the use of fiscal policy.

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  • The past three decades have brought sweeping changes to the i eld of transportation. In the United States and other developed nations, deregulation and greater reliance on markets and the private sector has helped to reconi gure the transport industries. The rise of intermodal goods movements and global commerce has produced efi ciencies of operation and a greater interdependence among transport modes.

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  • After studying chapter 18, you should be able to: Understand the dividend retention versus distribution dilemma faced by the firm, explain the Modigliani and Miller (M&M) argument that dividends are irrelevant, explain the counterarguments to M&M – that dividends do matter, identify and discuss the factors affecting a firm’s dividend and retention of earnings policy,...

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  • Chapter 11 - The structural stagnation policy dilemma. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Differentiate a structural stagnation from a standard recession, demonstrate in the AS/AD model how globalization can mask inflationary pressures caused by expansionary policies, explain the role of globalization and the financial bubble in creating a structural stagnation problem, outline the policy choices that policy makers have to deal with structural stagnation.

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  • Chapter 28 - The structural stagnation policy dilemma. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Differentiate a structural stagnation from a standard recession, demonstrate in the AS/AD model how globalization can mask inflationary pressures caused by expansionary policies, explain the role of globalization and the financial bubble in creating a structural stagnation problem, outline the policy choices that policy makers have to deal with structural stagnation.

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  • Creating institutions to meet the challenge of sustainability is arguably the most important task confronting society; it is also dauntingly complex. Ecological, economic, and social elements all play a role, but despite ongoing efforts, researchers have yet to succeed in integrating the various disciplines in a way that gives adequate representation to the insights of each.Panarchy, a term devised to describe evolving hierarchical systems with multiple interrelated elements, offers an important new framework for understanding and resolving this dilemma.

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  • This is a political history of Labour's use of the tax system from 1906 to 1979: an epilogue brings the story up to the present, surveying New Labour's tax policies and dilemmas. Richard Whiting's broad-ranging, lucid and readable study examines how Labour used tax to further its political aims of funding welfare, managing the economy, promoting fairness and achieving greater equality.

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  • And finally, while the World Bank gave them a B in targeting, in com- parison to other programs, the IDB probably would give them a B+, because they have really been very good at targeting the poor. Nicaragua’s social fund has projects in every town, in every backward part of Nicaragua, and this is fairly commonplace. Social funds are very good at targeting. There is, however, one issue with targeting.

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  • This collection of original essays addresses some of the important problems ,",'e have come to group under the short name "AIDS." It differs from most works on AIDS in two related ways. First, its focus is on the moral choices of individual practitioners rather than no empirical research or social policy. Second, the practitioners whose problems are discusst~d include-besides the more usual physicians and nursesdentists, counselors, preschool teachers, business managers, college administrators, lawyers, clergy, journalists, and politicians.

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  • After studying chapter 18, you should be able to: Understand the dividend retention versus distribution dilemma faced by the firm, explain the Modigliani and Miller (M&M) argument that dividends are irrelevant, explain the counterarguments to M&M – that dividends do matter, identify and discuss the factors affecting a firm’s dividend and retention of earnings policy,...

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  • The mission of the RAND Institute for Civil Justice is to improve private and public decisionmaking on civil legal issues by supplying policymakers and the public with the results of objective, empirically based, analytic research. The ICJ facilitates change in the civil justice system by analyzing trends and outcomes, identifying and evaluating policy options, and bringing together representatives of different interests to debate alternative solutions to policy problems.

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  • In the following, we identify the unique subgame perfect equilibrium of the sequential game described above. Furthermore, government’s regulation is shown to reduce the diversity in the programs offered by the channels at equilibrium: the lower the upperlimit imposed by the government to the ad- vertising rate, the weaker the diversity in the programs! There are at least three papers closely related to the present analysis. Vaglio (1995) proposes a Hotelling-type model of the audience for TV- broadcasting which shares several properties with ours.

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  • This is a political history of Labour's use of the tax system from 1906 to 1979: an epilogue brings the story up to the present, surveying New Labour's tax policies and dilemmas. Richard Whiting's broad-ranging, lucid and readable study examines how Labour used tax to further its political aims of funding welfare, managing the economy, promoting fairness and achieving greater equality.

    pdf307p layon_5 28-03-2013 30 7   Download

  • With this edition of Biomedical Ethics Reviews we commence a somewhat new focus for the series. Building on its solid tradition of exploring and debating pressing bioethical issues of the day, this series will now also examine the real-life implications of these issues for patients and the health care system in which care is delivered. With each topic, attention will be focused not only on the theoretical and policy aspects of ethical dilemmas, but also on the clinical dimensions of these challenges, and effects on the patient–physician relationship....

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  • South Africa’s democratic experiment is confronted with a central political dilemma: how to advance redress and address historical injustices while building a single national identity. This issue lies at the heart of many heated debates over issues such as economic policy, affirmative action, and skills shortages. Government has opted for racially defined redress while many of its critics recommend class as a more appropriate organising principle. The contributors to this volume challenge both perspectives. Both scholars and activists, and from a variety of disciplinary backgrounds, the...

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  • A lot of focus has been put on lifestyle changes since the last prevention policy paper was published. Key objectives have been defined with ambitious targets to reduce smoking, the harmful use of alcohol, overweight, diabetes and depression. There is, of course, a reason for this: there is a close relationship between today’s major chronic diseases and people’s behaviour. The focus on lifestyle and health promotion is therefore an obvious consequence of disease prevention. But lifestyle changes are not easy to make.

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