Doctor of Philosophy in Economics - Effective aid coordination in lao pdr: policy implications for power sector developmen has many contents: theoretical framework on ODA coordination effectiveness, key lessons learnt for Lao pd, how ODA coordination implemented in Lao, policy implications for power sector development.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Medical tourism and policy implications for health systems: a conceptual framework from a comparative study of Thailand, Singapore and Malaysia
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về hóa học được đăng trên tạp chí sinh học quốc tế đề tài : Of gastro and the gold standard: evaluation and policy implications of norovirus test performance for outbreak detection
General compensatory policies, Trade policy, Judging policy, Trade and poverty the policy implications, Transitional unemployment and poverty,... As the main contents of the document "Trade and Poverty: Is There a Connection". Invite you to consult. Hope content useful document serves the academic needs and research.
Our goal is to provide food for thought rather than an off-the-shelf solution. Many of the outside practices we
explore are somewhat distant from conventional thinking. We are aware that some of our ideas will be controversial.
We therefore do not necessarily speak of them as “recommendations.
Three Essays on Public Policy and Labor Economics I interpret the chapters results as cautious
support for the first of these, though the second would equally well explain the results and in
any case their implications for the productivity benefits of Tiebout choice are the same.
Long-term care has been and remains the distant cousin of health policy. Newspapers
are full of commentary on what 2008 presidential candidates have to say
about “universal health coverage,” the new expression for what used to be called
national health insurance. However, one would be hard-pressed to describe what
any of them think about long-term care.
Made up of 11 chapters, this authoritative volume explores poverty and labour market issues over the first decade of democracy in South Africa. It is an attempt by leading South African scholars, supplemented by the work of international scholars working on South Africa, to take stock of the first post-apartheid decade, to assess the evolution of poverty, inequality, human needs and unemployment, and to relate this evolution to the policy stances and interventions of the first government elected freely by all South Africans.
Library of Congress Cataloging-in-Publication Data Oliker, Olga. Faultlines of conflict in Central Asia and the south Caucasus : implications for the U.S. Army / Olga Oliker, Thomas Szayna.. p. cm. Includes bibliographical references. “MR-1598.” ISBN 0-8330-3260-7 1. Asia, Central—Strategic aspects. 2. Caucasus—Strategic aspects. 3. United States—Military policy. 4. United States. Army—Foreign service—Asia, Central. 5. United States. Army—Foreign service—Caucasus. I. Szayna, Thomas S. II. Rand Corporation. III.Title. UA832.2 .O42 2003 355'.033058—dc21 2002012824...
E-business research is currently one of the most active research areas. With the rapid advancement in information technologies, e-business is growing in significance and is having a direct impact upon ways of doing business. As e-business becomes one of the most important areas in organizations, researchers and practitioners need to understand the implications of many technological and organizational changes taking place.
From one of the most influential economists of the modern era, Keynes and his "General Theory" shaped economic thought and government policies for decades to come. Out of this magnum opus arose the Keynesian school of economics. Keynes argues that the level of employment in a modern economy was determined by three factors: the marginal propensity to consume (income that people chose to spend on goods and services), the marginal efficiency of capital (the rate used to see whether investments are worthy) and the rate of interest.
The world is near the bottom of a global recession that is causing widespread business
contraction, increases in unemployment, and shrinking government revenues. Although recent
data indicate the large industrialized economies may have reached bottom and are beginning to
recover, for the most part, unemployment is still rising. Numerous small banks and households
still face huge problems in restoring their balance sheets, and unemployment has combined with
sub-prime loans to keep home foreclosures at a high rate.
What is the best way to motivate a salesforce? How can you systematically design a motivation system? Tree MAjor Determinants of Motivation Environment conditions, the firm's management policies: com pensation, supervision, task characteristics. Personal characteristics of the salesperson
The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.
The Debt Sustainability Framework sets out a proposal by the World Bank
for identifying countries in actual or potential debt distress situations
leading to a formula for determining grant eligibility within the amounts to
be allocated during the Fourteenth Replenishment of IDA. It attempts to
classify countries based on the performance of their institutions and policies
and determine thresholds for selected debt indicators for each country
grouping and then estimate the level of debt distress as measured by the
forecast levels of the selected indicators from the country DSAs.
The three chapters of this report cover an assessment on the impacts of China ’s
accession to the WTO (World Trade Organization), an analysis on Free Trade Areas in
China, Japan and Korea, and an analysis on the perspectives and issues of Japanese and
Korean direct investment in China, with a focus on technology transfer. These three
areas represent the major issues related to the trend toward liberalized trade and
investment in Northeast Asia.
Unlike in the HIPC Initiative where a single indicator – debt to exports -
was used the DSF paper selects three debt ratios to judge debt
sustainability. Further, country policies and institutional capability and
vulnerability to shocks are other factors identified as being important for
assessing a country’s debt sustainability. In particular, country policies
and institutional capability are used to grade countries and determine
different debt ratio thresholds for them.
For each policy cluster in the CPIA, the Bank applies numerical
performance ratings from 1 (low) to 6 (high) and these are converted to
five “letter” grades. The reason for presenting the data this way is that
the Bank places each government in one of five quintiles, based upon
the quality of its performance in each area. Quintiles display the
performance of governments relative to one another, whereas the real,
undisclosed data present nominal scores.
Every year, the World Bank rates the economic, social and political
performance of each borrowing government by the extent of its
compliance with its own definition of “good” policies and institutions.
For this purpose, it uses the CPIA. It rates the policy and institutional
performance of each government relative to 20 criteria (grouped in four