Policy measures

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  • Tham khảo sách 'environmental technology and innovation drivers and policy measures', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, kĩ thuật viễn thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Policy framework for post-disaster for the affected groups rather comprehensive. The Government shall provide special groups affected, and support measures support level, policies on rescue and restore production as well as policy advocacy relief. Policy in post-disaster recovery is a top-down approach, so that governments level of response time and quick to minimize loss of human life and property and special famine occurred the consequences of natural disasters. However, in the long run, policies production recovery appears to be less drastic....

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  • Targets also move dramatically over time. SME development policies in Western Europe, for example, focused on employment creation in the late 1980s and early 1990s. By the end of the century the emphasis had changed to international competitiveness and innovation. As a result, policy targets moved towards technology issues and creation of an enterprise culture. In transition economies a major focus has been upon creating an enabling environment for the market economy.

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  • Despite some clear successes, many countries are still failing to implement the policy and programme changes needed to improve access to affordable medicines. Although the challenges faced differ from country to country, a common problem is a lack of techni- cal capacity to link price data to local policy processes (and so determine the causes of high prices and unexplained price variations) and to identify and prepare suitable lines of response.

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  • Prof Yoswa Dambisya (University of Limpopo/EQUINET) scoped the Consultation over the three days, emphasising the links between activities in Day One to subsequent discussions. Day One would focus on country policies, positions and plans, with a view to identifying common ground, common challenges and common approaches. He encouraged delegates to ask: What can we do together, and what do we differently? He asked delegates to find ways of pulling in the same direction, in the Kenyan spirit of “Harambee”.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'child policy civil justice education energy and environment health and health care', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • The provision of relevant, accurate and timely performance information is essential for assuring and improving the performance of health systems. Citizens, patients, governments, politicians, policy-makers, managers and clinicians all need such information in order to assess whether health systems are operating as well as they should and to identify where there is scope for improvement.

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  • Chapter 30 - Fiscal policy, deficits, and debt. This chapter explores the tools of government stabilization policy in terms of the aggregate demand-aggregate (AD-AS) model. Next, the chapter examines fiscal policy measures that automatically adjust government expenditures and tax revenues when the economy moves through the business cycle phases. The recent use and resurgence of fiscal policy as a tool are discussed, as are problems, criticism, and complications of fiscal policy.

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  • The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.

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  • The Debt Sustainability Framework sets out a proposal by the World Bank for identifying countries in actual or potential debt distress situations leading to a formula for determining grant eligibility within the amounts to be allocated during the Fourteenth Replenishment of IDA. It attempts to classify countries based on the performance of their institutions and policies and determine thresholds for selected debt indicators for each country grouping and then estimate the level of debt distress as measured by the forecast levels of the selected indicators from the country DSAs.

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  • The costs of general checkups and other preventive services were not covered for 3 percent of people with employer-sponsored or private health insurance (Figure 7). This can be considered a measure of underinsurance in the population. These data were obtained by asking certain respondents: “Does this health insurance plan pay for all, most, some, or none of the costs of general checkups and other preventive services?” (The question about coverage of preventive care was asked only for persons with employer-sponsored and other private insurance.

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  • In spite of the limited evidence about the behaviour of mutual funds in emerging markets, mutual fund investment in these areas has grown markedly over the past decade at a quicker pace than even the developed markets have shown. The growth in mutual fund investment is influential because it shapes the future development in the securities market and has important policy implications. The high proportion of institutional investors creates more timely information and therefore makes the market more efficient.

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  • fast pace. As part of the structural adjustment programmes of the late 1980s and early 1990s Bangladesh undertook a number of initiatives towards trade liberalisation and trade promotion to stimulate exports and encourage investment in export-oriented activities. The major objective of these reforms was removal of anti-export bias, introduction of incentives for exports and facilitation of participation in global labour market.

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  • Trends in needing help with such activities as housework or shopping may be due to changes in the physical abilities of the older population, but they may also be related to the availability of help in the house, either familial or paid, the availability of appliances, and the accessibility of transportation (1, 12). However, causes of trends in IADL functioning have not been apportioned to reasons residing in the person and reasons outside the person. The trends in what is termed ADL disability have not been nearly as consistent as those in IADL disability (31).

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