Policy measures

Xem 1-20 trên 270 kết quả Policy measures
  • Tham khảo sách 'environmental technology and innovation drivers and policy measures', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, kĩ thuật viễn thông phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Chapter 24 - Measuring domestic output and national income. After reading this chapter, you should be able to: Explain how gross domestic product (GDP) is defined and measured; describe the relationships among GDP, net domestic product, national income, personal income, and disposable income; discuss the nature and function of a GDP price index, and describe the difference between nominal GDP and real GDP; list and explain some limitations of the GDP measure.

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  • This chapter explores the tools of government stabilization policy in terms of the aggregate demand-aggregate (AD-AS) model. Next, the chapter examines fiscal policy measures that automatically adjust government expenditures and tax revenues when the economy moves through the business cycle phases. The recent use and resurgence of fiscal policy as a tool are discussed, as are problems, criticism, and complications of fiscal policy.

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  • Policy framework for post-disaster for the affected groups rather comprehensive. The Government shall provide special groups affected, and support measures support level, policies on rescue and restore production as well as policy advocacy relief. Policy in post-disaster recovery is a top-down approach, so that governments level of response time and quick to minimize loss of human life and property and special famine occurred the consequences of natural disasters. However, in the long run, policies production recovery appears to be less drastic....

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  • Targets also move dramatically over time. SME development policies in Western Europe, for example, focused on employment creation in the late 1980s and early 1990s. By the end of the century the emphasis had changed to international competitiveness and innovation. As a result, policy targets moved towards technology issues and creation of an enterprise culture. In transition economies a major focus has been upon creating an enabling environment for the market economy.

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  • Despite some clear successes, many countries are still failing to implement the policy and programme changes needed to improve access to affordable medicines. Although the challenges faced differ from country to country, a common problem is a lack of techni- cal capacity to link price data to local policy processes (and so determine the causes of high prices and unexplained price variations) and to identify and prepare suitable lines of response.

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  • Prof Yoswa Dambisya (University of Limpopo/EQUINET) scoped the Consultation over the three days, emphasising the links between activities in Day One to subsequent discussions. Day One would focus on country policies, positions and plans, with a view to identifying common ground, common challenges and common approaches. He encouraged delegates to ask: What can we do together, and what do we differently? He asked delegates to find ways of pulling in the same direction, in the Kenyan spirit of “Harambee”.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'child policy civil justice education energy and environment health and health care', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Chapter 20 explores the causes of income inequality, its measurement, and means by which government redistributes income to reduce poverty. The Lorenz Curve (numerically, a Gini ratio) illustrates the degree of income inequality in a country. Income inequality is caused by differences in ability, education and training, discrimination, preferences and willingness to take risks, wealth, market power, luck, connections, and misfortune.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to understand: List two ways that economic growth is measured; define "modern economic growth" and explain the institutional structures needed for an economy to experience it; identify the general supply, demand, and efficiency forces that give rise to economic growth; describe "growth accounting" and the specific factors accounting for economic growth in the United States;...

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  • Chapter 26 - Business cycles, unemployment, and inflation. After studying this chapter you will be able to understand: Describe the business cycle and its primary phases, illustrate how unemployment and inflation are measured, explain the types of unemployment and inflation and their various economic impacts.

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  • Chapter 30 - Fiscal policy, deficits, and debt. This chapter explores the tools of government stabilization policy in terms of the aggregate demand-aggregate (AD-AS) model. Next, the chapter examines fiscal policy measures that automatically adjust government expenditures and tax revenues when the economy moves through the business cycle phases. The recent use and resurgence of fiscal policy as a tool are discussed, as are problems, criticism, and complications of fiscal policy.

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  • Research objectives: Overviewing scientific works relating to development of trade relations between Viet Nam and SACU countries, issues had been researched, identifying issues have not been or not deeply been then decide to further research in this thesis. This thesis will theoretically and practicially resarch international trade in general and trade relations between a country and member countries of a customs union in particular.

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  • The provision of relevant, accurate and timely performance information is essential for assuring and improving the performance of health systems. Citizens, patients, governments, politicians, policy-makers, managers and clinicians all need such information in order to assess whether health systems are operating as well as they should and to identify where there is scope for improvement.

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  • Chapter 13 - Fiscal policy, deficits, and debt. This chapter explores the tools of government stabilization policy in terms of the aggregate demand-aggregate supply (AD-AS) model. Next, this chapter examines fiscal policy measures that automatically adjust government expenditures and tax revenues when the economy moves through the business cycle phases.

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  • Chapter 13 - Fiscal policy, deficits, and debt. This chapter explores the tools of government stabilization policy in terms of the aggregate demand–aggregate supply (AD-AS) model. Next, this chapter examines fiscal policy measures that automatically adjust government expenditures and tax revenues when the economy moves through the business cycle phases.

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  • In this chapter, students will be able to: Describe the role of the Federal Reserve of the United States, define macroeconomic stability as the Fed’s primary goal while noting that controlling inflation has typically been the way it measures its success, integrate an understanding of the tools of monetary policy with their application utilizing an aggregate supply-aggregate demand model, describe the recent history of monetary policy and the Federal Reserve’s role in the 2007-2009 recession.

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  • The papers in this volume explore the key issues linked to this shift, including: ' Increasing research into the Earth Sciences, climate reconstruction and forecasting in order to decrease the degree of uncertainty about the origin, development and implications of climate change; ' The introduction of more binding and comprehensive regulation of both greenhouse gas emissions and adaptation measures, like that in the United Kingdom; ' Matching climate policy with that for disasters and mainstreaming it into overall development strategies.

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  • The Debt Sustainability Framework sets out a proposal by the World Bank for identifying countries in actual or potential debt distress situations leading to a formula for determining grant eligibility within the amounts to be allocated during the Fourteenth Replenishment of IDA. It attempts to classify countries based on the performance of their institutions and policies and determine thresholds for selected debt indicators for each country grouping and then estimate the level of debt distress as measured by the forecast levels of the selected indicators from the country DSAs.

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  • The costs of general checkups and other preventive services were not covered for 3 percent of people with employer-sponsored or private health insurance (Figure 7). This can be considered a measure of underinsurance in the population. These data were obtained by asking certain respondents: “Does this health insurance plan pay for all, most, some, or none of the costs of general checkups and other preventive services?” (The question about coverage of preventive care was asked only for persons with employer-sponsored and other private insurance.

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