Policy options are available

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  • Official policies for SME development can be evaluated against their impact upon enterprise culture, start-up, survival and growth of SMEs, and stakeholder empathy. Each of these criteria feeds off the others. Enterprise culture will be strong where there are high rates of SME growth. Where SMEs are dominant features in the local and regional economic and social environment, stakeholders themselves will be influenced and will adjust their behaviour accordingly. This template of culture and business and stakeholder development may be used in very different country contexts.

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  • Research on forecasting is extensive and includes many studies that have tested alternative methods in order to determine which ones are most effective. We review this evidence in order to provide guidelines for forecasting for marketing. The coverage includes intentions, Delphi, role playing, conjoint analysis, judgmental bootstrapping, analogies, extrapolation, rule-based forecasting, expert systems, and econometric methods. We discuss research about which methods are most appropriate to forecast market size, actions of decision makers, market share, sales, and financial outcomes.

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  • The entire format, name, route and length of your event depends solely on what you want to achieve. You’re in charge of how complex or simple you want to make it. There are masses of different types of walking event, ranging from fun walks and sponsored charity walks, to courses with measured distances and long distance challenges. A promoted walking event can be very attractive to people who are unused to walking or to exploring the countryside, since they know they can’t get lost, they can go at their own pace, they may meet new friends, learn more...

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  • There are three differences between job-order and process costing. First, process costing is used when a company produces a continuous flow of units that are indistinguishable from one another. Job-order costing is used when a company produces many different jobs that have unique production requirements.

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  • This report is intended as a review of the transport sector’s contribution to local and global air pollution, and presents strategic and tactical methods of combating the problem in an environment of sustainable development and economic growth. The report examines the origins of–and damages due to–air pollution from transport, assesses the underlying causes, surveys the principal strategic approaches that are being applied to the problem, and examines the various mechanisms of intervention available.

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  • Voice over Internet Protocol (VoIP) is a form of communication that allows you to make phone calls over a broadband internet connection instead of typical analog telephone lines. Basic VoIP access usually allows you to call others who are also receiving calls over the internet. Interconnected VoIP services also allow you to make and receive calls to and from traditional landline numbers, usually for a service fee. Some VoIP services require a computer or a dedicated VoIP phone, while others allow you to use your landline phone to place VoIP calls through a special adapter.

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  • America in modern times has generally enjoyed stronger job growth—prior to the recent recession—than have other advanced nations. Yet, confusion sets in when we try to pinpoint the source of this vitality, partly because we have tended to focus on ―where the jobs are‖ instead of how (and when) they are created and lost. Despite being few in number, large publicly traded firms employ the most people. These firms include major manufacturers, the established energy and IT companies, big financial firms and chain retailers, and more.

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  • Developed countries in lower latitudes will be more vulnerable - for example, water availability and crop yields in southern Europe are expected to decline by 20% with a 2°C increase in global temperatures. Regions where water is already scarce will face serious difficulties and growing costs. The increased costs of damage from extreme weather (storms, hurricanes, typhoons, floods, droughts, and heat waves) counteract some early benefits of climate change and will increase rapidly at higher temperatures.

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  • Organic milk producers usually begin as operators of conventional dairies that go through what can be a challenging and costly transition process. Many changes in such areas as animal husbandry, land and crop management, sourcing new and different inputs, and initiation of the certification process, among others, are required during transition. For example, the pasture and cropland providing feed for organic dairies must be managed organically for a minimum of 36 months before it can be certified.

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  • There is evidence from clinical and epidemiological studies of a relationship between heavy drinking and certain clinical presentations (injuries, physical and psychiatric illnesses, frequent sickness absence) and social problems (see Annex 2). There are some signs at physical examination recognised by experts as linked to heavy drinking, such as injuries (including in the elderly), tremor of the hands and tongue, and excessive capillarisation of the facial skin and conjunctivae.16,17 The exact association between these signs and actual heavy drinking has not been thoroughly investigated.

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  • Countries should intensify efforts to measure and regularly monitor medicine prices and availability, and adopt policy measures to address the issues identified. A range of policy options are available to address issues of high prices and low availability of medicines. Low public sector availability can be addressed through improved procurement efficiency, and adequate, equitable and sustainable financing. Medicine prices can be reduced by eliminating duties and taxes on medicines and promoting the use of quality-assured generic medicines.

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  • Selected policies, institutions, and environmental factors, on the other hand, have a clear impact on education attainment. In particular, family background and teacher quality have been identified as important explanatory variables for student achievement. School autonomy and emphasis on assessing student performance are likely to raise education attainment, while teacher unions’ influence may have a negative impact.

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  • A similar effort may well be in order targeting the gay and bisexual men who are most at risk, particularly those who are living with HIV. Further research is needed to determine the prevalence and incidence of ASIL in the general population of gay and bisexual men outside of major urban centers. Programs are needed to train colposcopists in the skills of identifying and biopsying ASIL; training of colorectal surgeons is needed to optimize identification and treat- ment of ASIL.

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  • Proper care during pregnancy and delivery are important for the health of both the mother and baby. Women who had given birth in the five years preceding the survey were asked a number of questions about maternal health care. For the last live birth in that period, mothers were asked whether they had obtained antenatal care during the pregnancy, whether they had received tetanus toxoid injections, and what type of assistance they received at the time of delivery and where the delivery took place. Tables 7.1 and 7.2 present the information on these key maternal care indicators.

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  • Respiratory disease complex: Under field conditions, pathogens often interact with not only the host (bird) and its environment, but also one another. For example, day-old chicks arriving infect- ed from the hatchery (vertical transmission) and remaining chroni- cally infected for life are susceptible to other respiratory diseases such as infectious bronchitis or Newcastle disease.

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  • To address some of the challenges described above, the WHO/HAI Project on Medicine Prices and Availability has initiated a set of activities to strengthen policy guidance on issues relating to medicine prices, availability and affordability, with a specific focus on the needs of low- and middle-income countries. These include a series of in-depth reviews on policies and other interventions to manage medicine prices, increase availability and make medicines more affordable.

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  • The production of an identification guide for traditional Asian medicines in trade was thought necessary to assist enforcers to determine which medicines and ingredients are legal or illegal, in the context of the cases they are dealing with. The majority of law enforcers have no knowledge of Chinese characters and the many forms that these medicines take. This guide is primarily for law enforcers based outside Asia, in countries where large volumes of traditional Asian medicines are imported.

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  • The Missouri Securities Division has also identified investor diminished capacity and senior investor education as crucial issues in the fight against senior investor fraud. Persons with mild diminished capacity can perform most daily functions, but may become confused when managing their finances. This, in turn, makes those individuals more susceptible to fraud. According to a 2008 Duke University study, about 35 percent of the 25 million people in the United States who are 71 or older either have mild cognitive impairment or dementia.

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  • 1. Figure 11.17: Published applications are available to the user via the Add/Remove Programs applet in Control Panel Note The option of publishing an application is only available within the User Settings portion of GPO

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  • At first glance, the cinema would seem to be remote from the undercover world of the surreptitious observation of an unknowing and unwilling victim. What is seen of the screen is so manifestly shown. But the mass of mainstream film, and the conventions within which it has consciously evolved, portray a hermetically sealed world which unwinds magically, indifferent to the presence of the audience, producing for them a sense of separation and playing on their voyeuristic phantasy.

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