Xem 1-20 trên 32 kết quả Political economist
  • About Mill: John Stuart Mill (20 May 1806 – 8 May 1873), English philosopher, political theorist, political economist, civil servant and Member of Parliament, was an influential liberal thinker of the 19th century whose works on liberty justified freedom of the individual in opposition to unlimited state control. He was an exponent of utilitarianism, an ethical theory developed by Jeremy Bentham, although his conception of it was very different from Bentham's. He clearly set forth the premises of the scientific method.

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  • Unlike mainstream economists, political economists have always tried to situate the study of economics within the broader project of understanding how society functions.

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  • Gordon Tullock, eminent political economist and one of the founders of public choice, offers this new and fascinating look at how governments and externalities are linked. Economists frequently justify government as dealing with externalities, defined as benefits or costs that are generated as the result of an economic activity, but that do not accrue directly to those involved in the activity. In this original work, Gordon Tullock posits that government can also create externalities. In doing so, he looks at governmental activity that internalizes such externalities.

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  • 1. Economics and Liberating Theory Unlike mainstream economists, political economists have always tried to situate the study of economics within the broader project of understanding how society functions. However, during the second half of the twentieth century dissatisfaction with the traditional political economy theory of social change known

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  • 3 A Simple Corn Model This is the first of three chapters presenting theoretical models and analyses that are useful for political economists. The simple corn model presented here requires no more sophisticated mathematical skill than arithmetic.

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  • From non-profit performance space to galleries, to businesses that offer classes, to specialty supply shops, to the individual artist entrepreneur and contractor, neighborhood arts activity is an identifiable business sector. In some communities, artist entrepreneurs play a similar early entrant role for commercial strips as they do for artist housing development. As economists who study business clusters recognize, geographical proximity and the interactions that emerge from related activities within a local area are important even in the age of electronic connectivity.

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  • Government size has attracted much scholarly attention. Political economists have considered large public expenditures a product of leftist rule and an ex- pression of a stronger representation of labor interest. Although the size of the government has become the most important policy difference between the left and the right in postwar politics, the formation of the government’s funding base has not been explored. Junko Kato finds that the differentiation of tax rev- enue structure is path-dependent upon the shift to regressive taxation.

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  • If one sociological literature woke me up to new independent variables of interest to labor economists, another alerted me to new dependent variables – in particular, to a wealth of new aspects of organizational design and performance that economists could explore and perhaps explain.

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  • The concept of the division of labour in production has a long genealogy stretching back to the seventeenth century and before, and it recurs repeatedly in the writings of economists and other social theorists down to the present time. In economics, the concept plays a major role in studies of industrial organization, productivity, and trade. In sociology, it has been of major signiWcance as the linchpin of the distinction Wrst proposed by Durkheim (1893) between mechanical and organic solidarity in society....

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  • Economists attract ridicule and resentment in equal measure. People mock them, in the same way they poke fun at all eggheads and number-crunchers. But for everyone who scoffs, there is someone (perhaps the same person) who secretly fears that economists are the unacknowledged legislators of the world, purveyors of dangerous ideas that are filling the heads and turning the minds of the political leaders who claim to be in charge.

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  • On the afternoon of September 11, 2001, I was flying back to Washington on Swissair Flight 128, returning home from a routine international bankers' meeting in Switzerland. I'd been moving about the cabin when the chief of the security detail that escorted me on trips abroad, Bob Agnew, stopped me in the aisle. Bob is an ex-Secret Service man, friendly but not especially talkative. At that moment, he was looking grim.

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  • Economics is the social science that analyzes the production, distribution, and consumption of goods and services. The term economics comes from the Ancient Greek οἰκονομία (oikonomia, "management of a household, administration") from οἶκος (oikos, "house") + νόμος (nomos, "custom" or "law"), hence "rules of the house(hold)".

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  • The economist’s stock in trade—his tools—lies in his ability to and proclivity to think about all questions in terms of alternatives. The truth judgment of the moralist, which says that something is either wholly right or wholly wrong, is foreign to him. The winlist, yes-no discussion of politics is not within his purview. He does not recognize the either-or, the all-or-nothing situation as his own. His is not the world of the mutually exclusive. Instead, his is the world of adjustment, of coordinated conflict, of mutual gain. ...

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  • There are men who are commonly stigmatized as moneta~ cranks. The monetary crank suggests a method for making everybody prosperous by monetary measures. His plans are. illusory. However, they are the consistent application of a monetary ideology entirely approved by contemporary public opinion and espoused by the policies of almost all governments. The objections raised against these ideological errors by the economists are not taken into account by the governments, political parties, and the press....

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  • Economics. The word conjures up all sorts of images: manic stock traders on Wall Street, an economic summit meeting in a European capital, a somber television news anchor announcing good or bad news about the economy. . . . You probably hear about economics several times each day. What exactly is economics? First, economics is a social science. It seeks to explain something about society, just like other social sciences, such as psychology, sociology, and political science.

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  • Comparative constitutional law is a newly energized field in the early 21st century. Never before has the field had such a broad range of interdisciplinary interest, with lawyers, political scientists, sociologists and even economists making contributions to our collective understanding of how constitutions are formed and how they operate. Never before has there been such demand from courts, lawyers and constitution-makers in a wide range of countries for comparative legal analysis.

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  • Why There Are Recessions And Poverty Amid Plenty- And What To Do About It! One of the world’s best-selling books on political economy edited and abridged for modern readers. Many economists and politicians foster the illusion that great fortunes and poverty stem from the presence or absence of individual skill and risk-taking.

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  • There is huge uncertainty about future budget deficits and their financing. Economists disagree about how quickly deficits should be reduced: some would stress deflation risks and others inflation risks. Even if economists were to agree, there would still be great uncertainty about political choices on macroeconomic policy. It is nevertheless certain that government debt/GDP ratios in major countries will continue to rise over the next few years. Even the optimistic G20 pronouncements do not envisage debt/GDP ratios in the advanced countries stabilising before 2016.

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  • The Economics of Global Health Political and economic concerns have often guided global health interventions. As mentioned previously, early efforts to control yellow fever were tied to the completion of the Panama Canal. However, the precise nature of the link between economics and health remains a matter for debate. Some economists and demographers argue that economic development is the key to improving the health status of populations, while others maintain that ill health is the chief barrier to development in poor countries.

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  • Geographic Information Systems (GIS) has emerged as one of the most important and widely used softwares for the social scientists in last two decades. Economists, sociologists, political scientists, public administrators, and geographers alike use GIS for capturing, storing, analyzing, and presenting spatially referenced socio-economic data. Election campaigns have been using GIS in a rapidly increasing manner. It has also been substantially used by urban and regional planners, natural resources scientists, and civil engineers.

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