Polycrystalline material

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  • The book "Polycrystalline Materials - Theoretical and Practical Aspects" is focused on contemporary investigations of plastic deformation, strength and grain-scale approaches, methods of synthesis, structurals, properties, and application of some polycrystalline materials. It is intended for students, post-graduate students, and scientists in the field of polycrystalline materials.

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  • Nanocrystalline materials have been the subject of widespread research over the past couple of decades with significant advancement in their understanding especially in the last few years [3]. As the name suggests, they are single or multi-phase polycrystals with nano scale (1 · 109 –250 · 109 m) grain size. At the upper limit of this regime, the term ‘‘ultra- fine grain size’’ is often used (grain sizes of 250–1000 nm).

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  • The third book of four-volume edition of “Solar Cells” is devoted to solar cells based on silicon wafers, i.e., the main material used in today's photovoltaics. Single-crystalline Si (c-Si) modules are among the most efficient but at the same time the most expensive since they require the highest purity silicon and involve a lot of stages of complicated processes in their manufacture. Polycrystalline silicon (mc-Si) cells are less expensive to produce solar cells but are less efficient.

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  • SOLAR CELLS – DYE-SENSITIZED DEVICES Edited by Leonid A. Kosyachenko .Solar Cells – Dye-Sensitized Devices Edited by Leonid A. Kosyachenko Most solar modules used in photovoltaics are currently produced from crystalline and polycrystalline silicon wafers, the representatives of so-called first generation of solar cells. This type of devices are among the most efficient but at the same time the most expensive since they require the highest purity silicon and involve a lot of stages of complicated processes in their manufacture.

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  • The constitutive law of plastic deformation expresses the effects of material behavior and properties for stress analysis in the design of manufacturing technology and product service behavior, for materials testing, and for the maintenance of structural and machine components. The book represents the state of the art, but the editors do not rule out other concepts of constitutive laws. There are many different facets of the same problem and as many answers; the right one is the one that gives the most practical solution, the one that best serves the specific problem....

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  • In this book, Applications of Monte Carlo Method in Science and Engineering, we further expose the broad range of applications of Monte Carlo simulation in the fields of Quantum Physics, Statistical Physics, Reliability, Medical Physics, Polycrystalline Materials, Ising Model, Chemistry, Agriculture, Food Processing, X-ray Imaging, Electron Dynamics in Doped Semiconductors, Metallurgy, Remote Sensing and much more diverse topics. The book chapters included in this volume clearly reflect the current scientific importance of Monte Carlo techniques in various fields of research....

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  • Piezoelectricity from the Greek word "piezo" means pressure electricity. Certain crystalline substances generate electric charges under mechanical stress and conversely experience a mechanical strain in the presence of an electric field. The piezoelectric effect was discovered in some naturally occurring materials in the 1880s. However it was not until the Second World War that man-made polycrystalline ceramic ma‐ terials were produced that also showed piezoelectric properties.

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  • The discovery of high temperature superconductors (HTS) in 1986 by two IBM scientists led to an unprecedented explosion of research and development efforts world-wide because of the significant potential for practical applications offered by these materials. However, the early euphoria created by the exciting prospects was dampened by the daunting task of fabricating these materials into useful forms with acceptable superconducting properties. Progress towards this goal has been hindered by many intrinsic materials problems, such as weak-links, flux-creep, and poor mechanical properties.

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  • Alubaidy et al. Nanoscale Research Letters 2011, 6:375 http://www.nanoscalereslett.com/content/6/1/375 NANO EXPRESS Open Access Synthesis of magnetic nanofibers using femtosecond laser material processing in air Mohammed-Amin Alubaidy1, Krishnan Venkatakrishnan1* and Bo Tan2 Abstract In this study, we report formation of weblike fibrous nanostructure and nanoparticles of magnetic neodymiumiron-boron (NdFeB) via femtosecond laser radiation at MHz pulse repetition frequency in air at atmospheric pressure.

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