Rheology involves the study of the deformation and flow of matter. The goal is to
establish relationships between stress and deformation for (non-Newtonian) materials
where neither Newton's law nor Hooke's law suffice to explain their mechanical
behaviour. Many materials exhibit a non-Newtonian behaviour and the area is
relevant in many fields of study from industrial to technological applications such as
concrete technology, geology, polymers and composites, plastics processing, paint
flow, hemorheology, cosmetics, adhesives, etc ......
This book comprises the contributions of several authors in the area of polymer
characterization by atomic force microscopy of the polymer network structure formed
in Ferroelectric Liquid Crystals Cells; polymerization by microwave irradiation
method of starch/acrylic acid/acrylamide; polymerization of olefins; emulsion
polymerization; ring opening polymerization; cationic polymerization of vinyl
monomers ; block and graft copolymerization by controlled/living polymerization;
fabrication of doped microstructures by two-photon polymerization; rheology of
biomaterials; plant cell wall ...
Number of the equipments used in everyday life remarkably increased after the
invention of synthetic polymers, especially of styrene-butadiene rubber in 1930 and of
PVC in 1936, and thanks to fast-developing polymer technologies. Polymers are light,
cheap and ductile inert materials, which have good mechanical and thermal
properties, suitable to use for various purposes and are highly resistant to corrosion.
Thanks to such properties, they play an essential and ubiquitous role in many
The simplest drilling fluid is a dirty mixture of water and clay, often referred to as mud. The drilling fluid
in the drilling process can be seen as the equivalent to the blood in the human body, the mud pump
is the heart, and the drilled out shale (cuttings) represent the slag products. At the surface, we find the
mud cleaning system which corresponds to the kidney and the lungs. In the mud cleaning system the
cuttings are removed by means of a sieve, the shale shaker.