Poor nutrition

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  • Poor nutrition is a major problem in older Americans. Inadequate intake affects approximately 37 to 40 percent of community-dwelling individuals over 65 years of age (Ryan et al., 1992). In addition, the vast majority of older Americans have chronic conditions in which nutrition interventions have been demonstrated to be effective in improving health and quality-of-life outcomes. Eighty-seven percent of older Americans have either diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or a combination of these chronic diseases (NCHS, 1997).

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  • Acute Care Settings Acute care settings, anorexia, various diseases, test procedures, and medications can compromise dietary intake. Under such circumstances, the goal is to identify and avoid inadequate intake and ensure appropriate alimentation. Dietary assessment focuses on what patients are currently eating, whether they are able and willing to eat, and whether they experience any problems with eating. Dietary intake assessment is based on information from observed intakes; medical record; history; clinical examination; and anthropometric, biochemical, and functional status.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 72. Malnutrition and Nutritional Assessment Malnutrition and Nutritional Assessment: Introduction Malnutrition can arise from primary or secondary causes, with the former resulting from inadequate or poor-quality food intake and the latter from diseases that alter food intake or nutrient requirements, metabolism, or absorption. Primary malnutrition occurs mainly in developing countries and under conditions of war or famine.

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  • The poor nutritional status of women in developing countries has been associated with maternal mortality. Maternal deaths do not result from malnutrition alone, however, but mainly from a lack of access to obstetric care and from previous conditions that may be aggravated by poor nutrition.

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  • When a woman is healthy, she has the energy and strength to do her daily work, to fulfill the many roles she has in her family and community, and to build satisfying relationships with others. In other words, a woman’s health affects every area of her life. Yet for many years, ‘women’s health care’ has meant little more than maternal health services such as care during pregnancy and bir th. These services are necessary, but they address women’s needs only as mothers.

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  • Media-related commercial marketing aimed at promoting the purchase of products and services by children, and by adults for children, is ubiquitous and has been associated with negative health consequences such as poor nutrition and physical inactivity. But, as Douglas Evans points out, not all marketing in the electronic media is confined to the sale of products.

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  • The concept of nutritional essentiality was firmly established less than 100 years ago. It arose from observations that certain diseases observed in human populations consuming poor diets could be prevented by including other foods in the diet and that failure of animals fed on diets composed of purified components or restricted to one or a few foodstuffs to grow and survive could similarly be corrected by including another food or an extract of the food in the diet. The food constituents that were found to prevent these problems were classified as indispensable (or essential) nutrients.

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  • Malnutrition can arise from primary or secondary causes, with the former resulting from inadequate or poor-quality food intake and the latter from diseases that alter food intake or nutrient requirements, metabolism, or absorption. Primary malnutrition occurs mainly in developing countries and under conditions of war or famine.

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  • Experts have made recommendations to incorporate nutrition as an essential component of primary health care, stressing that programs to deal with women’s nutritional problems must be based on a life cycle approach. The nutritional needs of women substantially change during the different stages of their lives. A life cycle approach allows a better recognition of specific nutritional needs at every stage of women’s lives, as well as a more comprehensive understanding of the cumulative effects of poor nutrition on women’s health.

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  • This is not a normal diet book, and I am not a normal diet book author. I’m not a doctor. Nor am I a nutritionist, psychologist, sports hero, gourmet chef, or any of the other vocations that seem to qualify people to tell you how to lose weight. I’m an engineer by training, a computer programmer by avocation, and an businessman through lack of alternatives. From grade school in the 1950’s until 1988 I was fat—anywhere from 30 to 80 pounds overweight. This is a diet book by somebody who spent most of his life fat....

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  • We are in trouble. The health of our country is being compromised due to a lifestyle of overeating and sedentary habits. Never before in our history has the health of so many individuals been put at risk due to the lethal combination of an inactive lifestyle and poor nutrition. It is now apparent that for the first time in U.S. history, our children will lead a shorter, lower quality of life than their parents. The reason? We now live in what health practitioners call an “obesity epidemic.

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  • This is not a normal diet book, and I am not a normal diet book author. I’m not a doctor. Nor am I a nutritionist, psychologist, sports hero, gourmet chef, or any of the other vocations that seem to qualify people to tell you how to lose weight. I’m an engineer by training, a computer programmer by avocation, and an businessman through lack of alternatives. From grade school in the 1950’s until 1988 I was fat—anywhere from 30 to 80 pounds overweight. This is a diet book by somebody who spent most of his life fat....

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  • In a number of developing countries, obesity currently affects all income groups of adult men and women, but it is rapidly increasing among poor urban populations. The increase in obesity in these countries is attributed to the conjunction of complex societal factors, such as urbanization, economic growth and modernization, globalisation of food markets, and changes in diet and physical activity patterns.

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  • If we really want to avoid climate change and conserve the ecosystems on which we all depend, it’s clear that we have to tackle both what we produce and consume. To progress this work, WWF believes that the UK government and retailers need to urgently develop and promote eating habits based on a sustainable diet if we are to address climate change, protect ecosystems and start to reverse the impacts of poor nutritional choices and promotions on people’s health.

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  • Historical records of ancient times reveal that each nation passes through well-defined dietary stages. When the nation is young and struggling to develop, the people are generally poor and the diet is frugal, consisting chiefly of plant foods. As the nation becomes well established and its people prosper, animal foods become more plentiful. Thus, the interest in vegetarian dietaries has waxed and waned through the centuries. Historians have noted that, in times of plenty, interest in such diets has been low, while during periods of famine, the reverse has been true.

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  • A small minority of respondents indicated that their LRSPs include an explicit definition of the term “ECAI.” For instance, under the Australian prudential standards, an ECAI is defined as “an entity that assigns credit ratings designed to measure the creditworthiness of a counterparty or certain types of debt obligations of a counterparty.” The majority of respondents indicated that their LRSPs reference specific credit rating agencies. All but one of those respondents mentioned Moody’s Investors Service, Standard & Poor’s Ratings Services, and Fitch Ratings.

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  • With particular respect to environmental product innovations, we find that a large ma- jority of facilities in these OECD countries report that their measures are aimed at production processes and not so much at products to reduce environmental impacts. While pollution problems have been mastered quite successfully through the use of cleaner processes at the production site, product-integrated environmental innovations still seem to suffer from poor market incentives.

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  • Children’s health behaviors and risk-taking (sexual activity, poor nutrition, physical inactivity, substance use, violence, etc.) are determined by a variety of factors. Governments, foundations, communities, schools, and adults all play important roles in supporting healthy behaviors among children. Implementing evidence-based programs and policies increases the impact of financial and resource investments and can improve child health outcomes. Since 2002, there have been some improvements worth noting.

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  • Check inside shoes for foreign objects, torn lining, and proper cushioning. Improper or poorly fitting shoes are major contributors to diabetes foot ulcerations. Counsel patients about appropriate footwear. All patients with diabetes need to pay special attention to the fit and style of their shoes and should avoid pointed-toe and open-toe shoes, high heels, thongs and sandals. Assess the material and construction of footwear. Unbreathable and inelastic materials such as plastic should be avoided.

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  • Credit is valuable. The importance of how much credit you have and how you use it goes far beyond shopping. Whether you have good or poor credit can affect where you live and even where you work, because your credit record may be considered by prospective employers. That is why you need to understand how credit is awarded or denied and what you can do if you are treated unfairly. The major laws that regulate credit are outlined in this brochure. Fair Credit Reporting Act The Fair Credit Reporting Act promotes the accuracy and privacy of information in consumer credit reports.

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