Writing a book like this requires a number of key ingredients. One is the
body of sophisticated and exciting research on reproductive biology and
health from which I have drawn extensively. A quick glance at the list of
references cited provides a good compilation of the work that I believe has
the most to offer as we try to understand challenges to women’s health that
we are facing and will continue to face as global resources constrict,
population expands, and more and more people strive for the lifestyles of
the ‘‘health-rich’’ nations.
This timely book describes the issues that compel us to craft a new social agenda for Latin America, which now needs to incorporate the challenges of the growing aging population. The region has improved the efficiency of its social policies, but we have a long road ahead and we need to continue innovating. Governments and the private sector must learn to balance the demands posed by a rapidly growing population of seniors while continuing to invest in the education of our youth and the needs of the poor. This book should be of interest to anyone with a serious interest...
Many people in developing countries lack access to health technologies, even basic ones. Why do these problems in access persist? What can be done to improve access to good health technologies, especially for poor people in poor countries? This book answers those questions by developing a comprehensive analytical framework for access and examining six case studies. Access to health technologies in poor countries is shaped by social, economic, political, and cultural processes.
Poverty is higher in remote rural areas and in inner cities,
but the rural elderly are much more likely to be poor than
those living in urban areas. Thirteen percent of rural elders
60 years and older were poor in 2000, compared with
nine percent of elders living in a metro area . Thus we
expect to find the most evidence of impeded access for the
poor elderly who reside in rural areas. We interact the proportion
of elderly in poverty with the proportion in rural
areas to include in the model.
Neighborhood features may be protective or harmful for health of persons
once in old age. Given the rapidly aging population, and the potential economic and social benefits of having
older persons age in place, understanding the effects of neighborhoods on the health of the elderly is important
for the formulation of public policy.
In this paper, we provide an overview of what is known about neighborhoods and health in late life and
discuss the potential and challenges of using national survey data to study this topic.
Poor nutrition is a major problem in older Americans. Inadequate
intake affects approximately 37 to 40 percent of community-dwelling individuals
over 65 years of age (Ryan et al., 1992). In addition, the vast
majority of older Americans have chronic conditions in which nutrition
interventions have been demonstrated to be effective in improving health
and quality-of-life outcomes. Eighty-seven percent of older Americans
have either diabetes, hypertension, dyslipidemia, or a combination of
these chronic diseases (NCHS, 1997).
efficiency and quality. NGOs should be involved as management partners of the
government for the shrimp cultivating areas. This will help reduce social tensions
among various groups in the cultivating areas and ensure participation of the poor
communities in all activities including decision making process.
9. Financial Support: Farmers, depot owners, small boat owners and transporters
suffer from lack of capital to perform fishing activities. They have to rely on
informal sources such as middlemen and traders for credit at a very high cost.
The path trailed by the composer up until then, however, was littered with obstacles. On returning to
Rio de Janeiro from Manaus, Villa-Lobos began to earn his living by working as an orchestra
musician in symphonic societies, cinemas and cafés. Simultaneously, he hung out with the city’s
street musicians, the ‘chorões,’ most of them low-level public employees who played at night at
events such as baptisms, marriages and birthdays held at suburban houses.
In a number of developing countries, obesity currently affects all income groups of adult men
and women, but it is rapidly increasing among poor urban populations. The increase in
obesity in these countries is attributed to the conjunction of complex societal factors, such as
urbanization, economic growth and modernization, globalisation of food markets, and
changes in diet and physical activity patterns.
Several particularmodels have been constructed to develop the new perspective.We are
still nowhere near to having an overarching model, of the kind economists are used to in the
theory of general competitive equilibrium.
Some models have as their ingredients large
inequalities in land ownership in poor countries and the non-convexities that prevail at the level
of the individual person in transforming nutrition intake into nutritional status and, thereby,
labour productivity (Dasgupta and Ray, 1986, 1987; Dasgupta, 1993, 1997b).
Many human societies have tended to identify and
marginalise all kinds of people based upon their real or
perceived difference to an accepted common standard,
whether racial, physical, cultural or otherwise. Fear of
diversity has led to prejudice, victimisation and oppression.
It is hardly inconceivable to imagine that cloned humans at
least during the early stages of introduction of clones into
society may be the subject of abuse which runs contrary
to their well being.
If we really want to avoid climate change and conserve the ecosystems on which we all depend, it’s clear
that we have to tackle both what we produce and consume. To progress this work, WWF believes that
the UK government and retailers need to urgently develop and promote eating habits based on a
sustainable diet if we are to address climate change, protect ecosystems and start to reverse the impacts
of poor nutritional choices and promotions on people’s health.
The poultry sub-sector is crucially important in the context of agricultural growth
and improvement of diets of people in Bangladesh. The sub-sector is particularly important
in that it is a significant source for the supply of protein and nutrition in a household's
nutritional intake. It is an attractive economic activity as well, especially to women and poor
One of the major problems of development of the poultry sub-sector in Bangladesh
relates to lack of sufficient and appropriate feeds (Mitchell 1997; Alam 1997).
6% (compared to national average around 2%). A major consequence of
the surge in urban population is the rapid growth of slums and squatter
settlements. While the urban poor population is not confined to slums,
these do present an aggregation of the poorest section of the urban
population. Due to overcrowded, unsanitary and sub-standard dwellings,
then are thus at high risk of contracting communicable diseases.
The significance of cities as highly productive centres of our increasingly service-oriented economy is growing. Transport networks must be able to support the economic growth, growing populations and diverse expectations of urban activity (including tourism). There is clear global evidence that a comprehensive and well-performing transport system is an important enabler of sustained economic prosperity.
These damaging effects of poverty on child health
can be reduced by well designed policies. Various
options have been reviewed by some of us.
summarises approaches used in different countries to
improve health inputs and services in poor populations,
with emphasis on those related to child health. Several
different—and generally complementary—approaches
are possible. Improvement of knowledge and changing
of behaviour among poor mothers has been achieved in
many settings, in areas as diverse as handwashing for
diarrhoea prevention and nutrition counselling.
II. GRAMMAR & VOCABULARY
Choose a, b, c, or d that best completes each unfinished sentence, substitutes the underlined part, or has a close meaning to the original one.
Câu 7: What is the main character like? A. He likes hunting animals
B. He is brave, witty, and very kind to other people. C. I like reading all sorts of books.D. I read books when I have a little time.
Câu 8: It is found that endangered species are often concentrated in areas that are poor and densely populated, such as much of Asia and Africa.
A. increased B. disappeared C. reduced D. threatened...
The World Health Organization and the United Nations Population Fund in collaboration with the
Key Centre for Women’s Health in Society, in the School of Population Health at the University of
Melbourne, Australia are pleased to present this joint publication of available evidence on the intricate
relationship between women’s mental and reproductive health. The review comprises the most recent
information on the ways in which mental health concerns intersect with women’s reproductive health.
01 November 2011 | voaspecialenglish.com
The World at 7 Billion, and Growing
Commuters at the Churchgate train station in Mumbai, India, on Monday, October 31
(You can download an MP3 of this story at voaspecialenglish.com) This is the VOA Special English Health Report. The United Nations estimates that the world reached seven billion people on Monday. No one can be sure. The United States Census Bureau does not expect that to happen until March. Populations are growing faster than economies in many poor countries in Africa and some in Asia.
Introduction Global food production has grown faster than the world's population over the past forty years. Yet many poor countries and millions of poor people continue to suffer from food insecurity and hunger. USDA’ Economic Research Service (ERS) estimates that a third of the population of s 67 developing countries— roughly 900 million people— currently suffer