This handbook is intended to be a resource for people affected by landslides to acquire further knowledge, especially about the conditions that are unique to their neighborhoods and communities. Considerable literature and research are available concerning landslides, but unfortunately little of it is synthesized and integrated to address the geographically unique geologic and climatic conditions around the globe.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Six rapid assessments of alcohol and other substance use in populations displaced by conflict...
Displacing older people as heads of households
and depriving them of their autonomy in the name
of affection are cultural norms even in countries
where the family is the central institution and the
sense of filial obligation is strong (11). Such
infantilization and overprotection can leave the
older person isolated, depressed and demoralized,
and can be considered a form of abuse. In some
traditional societies, older widows are abandoned
and their property seized.
The impact of an earthquake, flood or war on reproductive health can be devastating.
Communities in crisis are suddenly deprived of reproductive health information and services.
Access is cut off, yet needs persist, even escalate. A large number of refugees and internally
displaced women will be pregnant, facing delivery under dangerous conditions; others may
be victims of violence including rape.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is committed to assisting and protecting women,
men and youth made vulnerable by natural disaster, armed conflict, persecution and other causes.
Population displacement caused by cyclone damage and flooding can result in overcrowding in
resettlement areas, raising the risk of transmission of certain communicable diseases. Measles (see section
below on vaccine-preventable diseases), ARI, diphtheria and pertussis are transmitted from person to
person through respiratory droplets, and the risks are increased in situations of forced relocation to shared
areas which are overcrowded and have inadequate ventilation. Overcrowding can also increase the
likelihood of transmission of meningitis, waterborne and vector-borne diseases.
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Integrating mental health into primary care for displaced populations: the experience of Mindanao, Philippines....
Although significant declines in fertility have occurred in most regions of the
world, these have recently slowed in several countries. In many sub-Saharan
African countries the fertility transition remains in its early stages. National
level fertility declines also disguise significant variations within countries. Poor
and rural populations often have the least access to family planning informa-
tion and services, and thus the highest fertility rates.
As described above, Somalia faces multiple challenges - not least conflict, drought, flooding,
inadequate and inequitable social and public services and massive population displacement - but
persistently high levels of malnutrition are undermining the survival, growth and development of
the population. Rates of acute and chronic malnutrition have consistently exceeded emergency
thresholds in some areas for more than 10 years now.
Given that the adverse affects of climate change on agriculture are expected to burden poor
countries disproportionately, and their rural poor in particular, Bolivia is especially vulnerable as
it is the poorest country in South America with at least 70% of the rural population living in
poverty and more than a third of rural Bolivians living in extreme poverty. Those citizens who
have been displaced by natural disasters in rural areas often remain at risk in urban areas as
shantytowns and slums are frequently situated on land prone to flooding or landslide.
Nepal has witnessed massive political upheaval during the past decade with insurgency forces actively
expressing dissatisfaction with the existing status quo. It was in early 1996 that the Maoist insurgency
took root in the country exerting a tremendous influence on the social, economic and political life of
the country. The constant conflict forced the Nepalese people to migrate from rural to urban areas and
to neighboring countries, resulting in the displacement of a large proportion of the population and
impacting the demographic situation.
International migrants from developing countries
are of both rural and urban origin (ratios vary from
country to country and change over time
according to socio-economic conditions in both
sending and receiving areas). However, we will
focus on the rural factors that motivate vast
sectors of the population to consider migration in
order to improve their lives and diversify their
sources of income. During the last 50 years,
800 million people have migrated from rural to
urban areas, and it is expected that these
migrations will continue to increase.
UNFPA responds to emergencies in a wide
range of situations and settings. The need
might be to reach women in a refugee camp
to work only with men, or to find internally
displaced persons who are dispersed
throughout the local population. Conditions
may be hostile or hospitable, politically
charged or on the path to peace; they
are never easy.
Rockets from Gaza documents rocket attacks by Hamas and other Palestinian armed groups in Gaza against Israeli population centers before, during and after Israel's three-week military offensive in Gaza in December 2008 and January 2009. This report describes the rockets fired, the number of attacks, and the cases of individual civilians harmed by the attacks.
implement a comprehensive package of interventions to meet the needs of vulnerable populations. Each
country should identify populations vulnerable to HIV or underserved by current HIV programmes in both
generalized and concentrated epidemics. The needs of young people and women should explicitly be
addressed in national HIV responses. Particular attention should be given to expanding comprehensive
combination HIV prevention programmes in communities with generalized epidemics.
Reproductive health is a human right, and like all other human rights, it applies to refu-
gees, internally displaced persons and others living in humanitarian settings. To realize
this right, affected populations must have access to comprehensive reproductive health
information and services so they are free to make informed choices about their health and
The provision of comprehensive and high-quality reproductive health services requires
a multisectoral integrated approach.