The epidemiology of infectious diseases is one of the great triumphs of applied
ecology. In particular, the public health importance of parasites has
lead to a large literature, exploring their impact on the population dynamics,
population genetics and evolutionary biology of human populations. An
important milestone was the Dahlem Conference on population biology of infectious
diseases, held in 1981. The resulting book (Anderson and May 1982)
lucidly summarised the contemporary state of parasite ecology and epidemiology.
Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:
Evolution of Dengue Virus Type 3 Genotype III in Venezuela: Diversification, Rates and Population Dynamics
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về sinh học được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp đề tài: Impact of population dynamics of white mistletoe (Viscum album ssp. abietis) on European silver fir (Abies alba)...
Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về lâm nghiệp được đăng trên tạp chí lâm nghiệp quốc tế đề tài: Patterns in individual growth, branch population dynamics, and growth and mortality of first-order branches of Betula platyphylla in northern Japan...
Research in tropical forestry is confronted with the task of finding strategies to alleviate pressure on remaining forests, and techniques to enhance forest regeneration and restore abandoned lands, using productive alternatives that can be attractive to local human populations. In addition, sustainable forestry in tropical countries must be supported by adequate policies to promote and maintain specific activities at local and regional scales.
Cellular automata make up a class of completely discrete dynamical systems, which have became a core subject in the sciences of complexity due to their conceptual simplicity, easiness of implementation for computer simulation, and their ability to exhibit a wide variety of amazingly complex behavior. The feature of simplicity behind complexity of cellular automata has attracted the researchers' attention from a wide range of divergent fields of study of science, which extend from the exact disciplines of mathematical physics up to the social ones, and beyond....
The main focus of this book is the presentation of the “inertial”
view of population growth. This view provides a rather simple
model for complex population dynamics, and is achieved at the
level of the single species, without invoking species interactions.
An important part of our account is the maternal effect. Investment
of mothers in the quality of their daughters makes the rate
of reproduction of the current generation depend not only on the
current environment but also on the environment experienced
by the preceding generation....
What makes populations stabilize? What makes them fluctuate? Are populations in complex ecosystems more stable than populations in simple ecosystems? In 1973, Robert May addressed these questions in this classic book. May investigated the mathematical roots of population dynamics and argued-counter to most current biological thinking-that complex ecosystems in themselves do not lead to population stability.
This chapter includes contents: Population dynamic: S/J curve, introduced species (example: Rabbits and American Chestnut), predator- prey and host-parasite dynamics, population equilibrium, evolution, succession, living beyond our means.
How are pollutants transformed after their release into the environment? How are organisms exposed, and how do physiological alterations impact population dynamics and community structure? What direct or indirect impacts occur? As early as the 50s and 60s people living near industrial plants began to recognize undesirable changes in their environment - and to ask these very questions. The discipline of environmental toxicology addresses these questions.
Plant species that invade an alien area and outgrow the native vegetation, establishing
and increasing their own territory, often lead to negative economic, environmental,
and social impacts. Even native species can behave like invasive species by their
exponential spread. Similarly, not all non-native species are invasive. Many alien
invasive species, however, do threaten the health and integrity of our terrestrial and
The Population Dynamics of Predation
10.1 Introduction: patterns of abundance and the need for their explanation
We turn now to the effects of predation on the population dynamics of the predator and its prey, where even a limited survey of the data reveals a varied array of patterns.
The fields of biological and medical physics and biomedical engineering
are broad, multidisciplinary and dynamic. They lie at the
crossroads of frontier research in physics, biology, chemistry, and
medicine. The Biological & Medical Physics/Biomedical Engineering
Series is intended to be comprehensive, covering a broad
range of topics important to the study of the physical, chemical
and biological sciences. Its goal is to provide scientists and engineers
with textbooks, monographs, and reference works to address
the growing need for information....
Challenges to sustaining the productivity of oceanic and coastal fisheries
have become more critical and complex as these fisheries reach the upper
limits to ocean harvests. In addition, it is now clear that we are managing
interactive and dynamic food webs rather than sets of independent single-species
6 Population Dynamics
POPULATIONS OF INSECTS CAN CHANGE DRAMATICALLY IN SIZE OVER relatively short periods of time as a result of changes in natality, mortality, immigration, and emigration. Under favorable environmental conditions, some species have the capacity to increase population size by orders of magnitude in a few years.
SPECIES CO-OCCURRING AT A SITE INTERACT TO VARIOUS degrees, both directly and indirectly, in ways that have intrigued ecologists since earliest times. These interactions represent mechanisms that control population dynamics, hence community structure, and also control rates of energy and matter ﬂuxes.
This thesis presents time-resolved measurements of the spin evolution of transient carrier populations in III-V quantum wells. Non-equilibrium distributions of spin polarisation were photoexcited and probed with picosecond laser pulses in three samples; a high mobility modulation n-doped sample containing a single GaAs/AlGaAs quantum well, an In0.11Ga0.89As/GaAs sample containing three quantum wells and, a multi-period GaAs/AlGaAs narrow quantum well sample.