Research objectives: Estimating the size of populations high risk to HIV (people who inject drug, female sex workers) applying different methods in Can Tho in 2012-2013; assessing reliability and feasibility of a number of methods to estimate the size of high risk to HIV populations.
With specific regard to large animal work, equine services now tend to be handled by
specialists, and farm animal work is considered to be in decline, with the latter prompting
particular concern. Indeed, significant changes to the farming sector (i.e. declining livestock
populations, a reduction in the number/size of farm holdings, new legislation and a radical
change in the relationship between government and veterinarians) mean that farm animal
veterinary practices now face significant competitive and sustainability issues. ...
Mathematics in Action: Prealgebra Problem Solving, Third Edition, is intended to help college
mathematics students gain mathematical literacy in the real world and simultaneously
help them build a solid foundation for future study in mathematics and other disciplines.
Our authoring team used the AMATYC Crossroads standards to develop a three-book series
to serve a large and diverse population of college students who, for whatever reason, have not
yet succeeded in learning mathematics.
fast pace. As part of the structural adjustment programmes of the late 1980s and early
1990s Bangladesh undertook a number of initiatives towards trade liberalisation and trade
promotion to stimulate exports and encourage investment in export-oriented activities.
The major objective of these reforms was removal of anti-export bias, introduction of
incentives for exports and facilitation of participation in global labour market.
The theory and practice of molecular ecology draw on a number of subjects,
particularly genetics, ecology and evolutionary biology. Although the foundations
of molecular ecology are not particularly new, it did not emerge until the 1980s as
the discipline that we now recognize. Since that time the growth of molecular
ecology has been explosive, in part because molecular data are becoming increasingly
accessible and also because it is, by its very nature, a collaborative discipline.
Most Cambodian elders have both living sons and daughters. Reflecting the higher mortality of males,
including losses due to political violence associated with the Khmer Rouge period and its aftermath, the
average number of surviving daughters modestly exceeds that of surviving sons. Some differences in the
number of living children are evident according to sex, location and age of elders. Elderly men average
larger numbers of surviving children than elderly women, reflecting the fact that men are far more likely
to remarry than women in cases of marital dissolution.
The elderly population is seen differently in developing
and developed countries. In the former, the age limit for
a person to be considered old is 60 years; in the latter,
this age limit is 65 years. This differentiation emerged
during the First United Nations World Summit on
Population Aging, through Resolution number 39/125(1).
The need to establish chronological parameters for old
age becomes more relevant as social and health actions
Most observers of the economy now accept that a major shift occurred during the 1970s.
The rapid productivity growth of the postwar years came to an end—for reasons that
are still being debated among economists and historians. Wage growth lagged, and the
economy suffered multiple shocks from energy prices and rapid inflation. The surge of
births in the postwar baby boom meant that the labor force grew rapidly, while women
were entering the labor force in numbers unprecedented in peacetime.
Writing a book like this requires a number of key ingredients. One is the
body of sophisticated and exciting research on reproductive biology and
health from which I have drawn extensively. A quick glance at the list of
references cited provides a good compilation of the work that I believe has
the most to offer as we try to understand challenges to women’s health that
we are facing and will continue to face as global resources constrict,
population expands, and more and more people strive for the lifestyles of
the ‘‘health-rich’’ nations.
The impact of an earthquake, flood or war on reproductive health can be devastating.
Communities in crisis are suddenly deprived of reproductive health information and services.
Access is cut off, yet needs persist, even escalate. A large number of refugees and internally
displaced women will be pregnant, facing delivery under dangerous conditions; others may
be victims of violence including rape.
The United Nations Population Fund (UNFPA) is committed to assisting and protecting women,
men and youth made vulnerable by natural disaster, armed conflict, persecution and other causes.
In the United Republic of Tanzania, some 500 older women are murdered each year following
accusations against them of witchcraft. The problem is particularly serious in Sukumaland in the
north of the country. Large numbers of older women are driven from their homes and
communities in fear of being accused of witchcraft, and end up living destitute in urban areas.
Belief in witchcraft has existed in Sukumaland for centuries, though the violence surrounding it
has increased sharply in recent years.
There is both controversy and confusion concerning appropriate stockpiling in order to be prepared for disasters. If we are to be self-sufficient and “on our own” for prolonged time periods, there must be some level of critical supplies stored on-site. Most documents acting as checklists, or that address LTC preparedness, will site the need for such stockpiling, but neglect to give recommendations or provide specific numbers (Department of Health and Human Services 2007; Montgomery County Advanced Practice Center for Public Health Preparedness and Response 2007; Krause 2007).
Conserving biodiversity is a daunting and complex task. Perhaps
no species presents a greater challenge than the giant panda – one
of the most recognized and threatened animals on the planet. Its
difficult-to-traverse, mountainous habitat in China makes quantifying
population numbers in the wild exceedingly difficult. Despite a recent
survey suggesting that the wild population may be growing, there is no
disagreement that the primary threat is severely fragmented habitat.
As I developed the ideas for, brought together expertise from around the world for,
and edited Global Inequalities at Work, I was fortunate to have a number of people at
my side. The book is far better for their contribution.
I decided from the start of this project that I didn’t want to just bring together “the
usual suspects.” To ensure that individuals with new and fresh ideas had an opportu-
nity to become part of this project, I cast the net wide.
This economic and political situation in turn created a number of paradoxes around the
German cinema(s) of the 1950s and 1960s, the 1970s and 1980s that require a
'revisionist' approach to film history, if they are to remain more than paradoxes. The
New German Cinema of the 1970s and early 1980s, for instance, has been celebrated as
an extraordinary flourishing of talent, but on closer inspection, the renaissance was
short-lived, the films technically primitive, the market-strategies naive, while the
efflorescence of creativity had its roots in governmental subsidy.
The term Business Angel has only been used in Germany since the early 1990s. According to the
German Business Angel network BAND, German Business Angel associations/federations have
approximately 1,400 registered members. Most of the actors are “silent angels”, this means they
do not look for publicity and most of them are not organised in networks. The “Promotion Angels”
are a minority - they are looking for publicity and are participating in public discussions (Harrer,
POSITIVE PERIODIC SOLUTIONS OF FUNCTIONAL DISCRETE SYSTEMS AND POPULATION MODELS
YOUSSEF N. RAFFOUL AND CHRISTOPHER C. TISDELL Received 29 March 2004 and in revised form 23 August 2004
We apply a cone-theoretic ﬁxed point theorem to study the existence of positive periodic solutions of the nonlinear system of functional diﬀerence equations x(n + 1) = A(n)x(n) + f (n,xn ). 1. Introduction Let R denote the real numbers, Z the integers, Z− the negative integers, and Z+ the nonnegative integers.
In the last decade the progress of molecular biology has made a strong
influence on the theoretical framework of population genetics and evolution.
Introduction of molecular techniques in this area has resulted in many new
discoveries. As a result, a new interdisciplinary science, which may be called
'Molecular Population Genetics and Evolution', has emerged. In this book
I have attempted to discuss the development and outline of this science.
In recent years a large number of papers have been published on this
The case-studies marked an increasingly complex
aid environment, with new stakeholders and
partnerships for development, and a number
of mechanisms seeking to coordinate donor
contributions in sectoral and national planning
processes. In addition to the sector-wide
approaches and poverty-reduction strategy papers
that were the focus of country office engagement in
2005, there is an increasing emphasis on reporting
and strategizing in order to achieve the Millennium
Development Goals (MDGs), in particular MDGs
4, 5A and 5B.
The generation collectively known as the “Baby Boomer Generation” has exerted tremendous
influence on U.S. society and institutions throughout their lives. This influence will continue as
they age and will likely become more pronounced in coming years. Baby Boomers, individually
and collectively, are going to redefine what it means to be “elderly” in the U.S.
The sheer numbers of Baby Boomers will greatly affect public policy – as it relates to the elderly
as well as to all other ages over the coming years. In 2006 the first Baby Boomer cohort will