Xem 1-20 trên 72 kết quả Positive psychology
  • This article raises questions that must be solved if psychol- ogists are to develop a science of positive psychology. First, how should psychology quantify positive mental health? At present, psychology has no metric except per-haps scores of greater than 85 on the DSM-1V's Axis V (Global Assessment of Functioning). If more reliable meth- ods or assessing the relative maturity of defenses can be developed, psychology may gain a means of quantifying the theoretical formula for positive mental health that Marie Jahoda (1959) offered to psychology 40 years ago.

     

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  • Positive human functioning is perhaps most remarkable when evident in contexts of significant life challenge and adversity. It is then, when individuals are being tested, that much becomes known about human strengths—what they are, how they come about, how they are nurtured or undermined. The growing literature on human resilience addresses this juxtaposition of being well in the face of difficulty.

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  • The importance of psychology and health, multiculturalism, and a focus on strengths and positive psychology are the dynamic issues of psychology in this new millennium. These central issues in psychological research and practice today form the backbone of the Handbook of Girls’ and Women’s Psychological Health. To encounter all three integrated into a handbook on women and girls is like fantasizing a feast and having it appear on your table.

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  • Tham khảo tài liệu 'handbook of positive psychology phần 1', kỹ năng mềm, tâm lý - nghệ thuật sống phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • A few years ago, as the world prepared for the change of the millennium, I was living in Calcutta and researching happiness among people living in the slums. I have long had a soft spot in my heart for people living in poverty and have often been inspired by the ways they sometimes rise to the challenges facing them. For anyone who has ever been to Calcutta or traveled through other poor parts of the world, you know the sight of abject poverty can be heartbreaking as well as guilt producing. My time in Calcutta had me thinking about what kind of impact I could make on the lives...

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  • Most people take the process of coping for granted as they go about their daily activities. In many ways, coping is like breathing, an automatic process requiring no apparent effort. However, when people face truly threatening events--what psychologists call stressors--they become acutely aware of the coping process and respond by consciously applying their day-to-day coping skills. Coping is a fundamental psychological process, and people's skills are commensurately sophisticated. This volume builds on people's strengths and emphasizes their role as positive copers.

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  • Tham khảo sách 'coping: the psychology of what works_2', y tế - sức khoẻ, y học thường thức phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • A common-sense approach to achieving success in one's life offers workable, step-by-step methods and positive visualization techniques to help readers personalize goals, trust creativity, transcend old beliefs and limitations, and transform positive thinking into positive action.

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  • Most of the chapters in this volume were presented as papers at a small research conference held in 2001 at the Kellogg School of Management of Northwestern University in Evanston, Illinois. The purpose of this conference was to explore new ideas about the psychology of leadership, an important and long-enduring research topic within the field of social psychology. It was the opinion of the editors of this book and the conveners of the conference that the social psychological study of leadership had launched off into several new, interesting, and important directions....

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  • In my professional life I have been asked many times the simple question: What is transpersonal psychology, counselling or psychotherapy? The answer is straightforward: it is a broad transcultural theory of human nature that posits that human beings are more than physical and psychological beings, with some form of spirituality being a reasonable bet. Oh, and by the way, it is also a discrete field of study that could be conceived as having had about 40 years of academic recognition.

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  • A science of positive subjective experience, positive individual traits, and positive institutions promises to improve quali~.' of life and prevent the pathologies that arise when life is barren and meaningless. The exclusive focus on pathology that has dominated so much of our discipline results in a model of the human being lacking the positive features that make life worth living. Hope, wisdom, creativity, future mindedness, courage, spirituality, responsibility, and perseverance are ignored or explained as transformations of more authentic negative impulses.

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  • Individual differences that have consequences for work behaviors (e.g., job performance) are of great concern for organizations, both public and private. General mental ability has been a popular, although much debated, construct in Industrial, Work, and Organizational (IWO) Psychology for almost 100 years. Individuals differ on their endowments of a critical variable—intelligence—and differences on this variable have consequences for life outcomes.

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  • The aim of this volume is to focus on how counseling psychology fosters and builds optimal human strength and well-being. Counseling psychology in some form has always been a vital part of promoting good health and preventing mental, physical, and social disorders. The chapters in this book show how counseling psychology plays a major role in helping people make changes at home, work, and in the community in ways that prevent disease risk and strengthen personal and social resources.

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  • People are not neutral observers of the world. They evaluate what they encounter and form attitudes – the positive and negative evaluations of people, objects, events, and ideas.

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  • Process is linear in t h e n u m b e r o f e l e m e n z s in ~he input message, i.e. the realization decision for each element is m a d e only once and m a y not be revised. The representation for pending realization decisions and planned linguistic actions (the results of earlier decisions) is a surface-level syntactic phrase structure augmented by explicit labelings for its constituent positions (hereafter referred to as the tree).3 This working-structure is used simultaniously for control (determining w h a t action to take next)....

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  • Physiology plays a major role in the scientific foundation of medicine and other subjects related to human health and physical performance. Pharmacology is the science which deals with the effects of drugs on living systems and their use in the treatment of disease. This book is designed to enhance students’ understanding of physiology and pharmacology via a series of case studies involving human disease and its treatment. Traditional university teaching methods focus on informing students in terms of physiological and pharmacological theory.

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  • Hi, I’m Tommy. I’m your success coach for the next 28 days. Born and reared in Ireland where I live with my wife Sandra, I have worked most of my life in the motor business. In 2009 I studied and qualified as a life coach because I wanted to improve my skills in motivating and coaching staff. I discovered a new profession that actually produces very positive results. In 2011, affected by the economic crisis, I wrapped up my motor business, and free time led me to look at life coaching along with my other skills to help me discover...

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  • 11. Andrew J. Martin, “The Role of Positive Psychology in Enhancing Satisfaction, Motivation, and Productivity in the Workplace,” Journal of Organizational Behavior Management 24, 1–2 (2004–5): 113. 12. Dee Dickinson, “Lifelong Learning for Business: A Global Perspective” (presented at the Conference on Lifelong Learning for European Business, Oxford University, UK, October 6–7, 1992). 13. Rees Morrison, “How to Make Collaboration Work: Powerful Ways to Build Consensus, Solve Problems, and Make Decisions,” Consulting to Management (September 2004): 62. 14. Michael P.

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  • The second chapter case study by Rosso et al. presents a medical survey that tests professional drivers for the presence of various psychoactive substances. Positives were identified by using a commercially available immunoassay rapid kit test which indicates consumption of psychoactive drugs. This is of interest and important since the dependence on drugs may pose a risk to drivers in their profession affecting their reaction time and driving judgment. This is one of the first and important contributions to the literature in this area.

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  • hess is a game of decisions. As well as deciding about which move to play and which plan to adopt, players must also make practical decisions about how to use their clock time and whether to use intuition rather than trying to calculate every line to a finish. Viacheslav Eingorn draws upon his vast experience to provide guidance on how to weigh the various factors in positions and decide on the best course of action. He examines many practical examples and explains how the critical decisions were made, and investigates whether they were correct. By following Eingorn on this voyage...

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