This chapter introduces basic concepts needed for the study and description of morphologically
complex words. Since this is a book about the particular branch of morphology called word-
formation, we will first take a look at the notion of ‘word’. We will then turn to a first analysis of
the kinds of phenomena that fall into the domain of word-formation, before we finally discuss
how word-formation can be distinguished from the other sub-branch of morphology, inflection.
Above all, remember that accounting is a vehicle for providing financial information in a form
that assists decision-making. Work hard at presenting your work as neatly as possible and
remember that pictures (in this case, financial figures) only carry half the message. When you
are asked for them, words of explanation and insight are essential in order to make an examiner
appreciate what you know and that you actually understand what the figures mean.
In this paper, a word alignment approach is presented which is based on a combination of clues. Word alignment clues indicate associations between words and phrases. They can be based on features such as frequency, part-of-speech, phrase type, and the actual wordform strings. Clues can be found by calculating similarity measures or learned from word aligned data. The clue alignment approach, which is proposed in this paper, makes it possible to combine association clues taking different kinds of linguistic information into account. ...