Postpartum depression

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: Links between maternal postpartum depressive symptoms, maternal distress, infant gender and sensitivity in a high-risk population...

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  • The new toolkit focuses on relapse prevention, risks of secondhand smoke exposure and the health benefits of quitting smoking for mother and infant. It also emphasizes the potential and underlying issues related to relapse including postpartum depression, stress and miscarriage. An appendix for counselors to use as a reference tool during counseling sessions is also included in the toolkit.

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  • Receptors for the key female reproductive hormones, estrogens, are found throughout the entire brain including prefrontal cortex, hypothalamus, neocortex, hippocampus, amygdala, striatum, and brain stem. The neurotransmitter systems involved in depression (serotonin, norepinephrine, dopamine, cetylcholine, GABA, glutamate) are regulated by the action of estrogen. Research suggests that women may have increased susceptibility to depression and mood disorders during two key lifecycle transitions: pregnancy and the postpartum period, and perimenopause.

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  • Một người mẹ hỏi: ‘Khác biệt giữa chứng trầm cảm sau sinh (Postpartum depression - PPD) và cơn buồn thoáng qua sau sinh (The baby blues) là gì?'. Giải đáp từ Ivillages như sau: Các tình trạng trên chỉ dấu hiệu hỗn loạn về tinh thần ở người mẹ sau sinh.

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  • Gaynes et al. (109) did a meta-analysis of screening instruments (i.e., EPDS, Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), Postpartum Depression Screening Scale (PDSS), and the Center for Epidemiological Studies Depression Scale (CES-D)) for depression and concluded that, "various screening instruments can identify perinatal depression". They concluded that these instruments have high specificity and low sensitivity for depressive states, and this acquires a greater importance when deciding on whether false-positives or false-negatives are preferred.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về y học được đăng trên tạp chí y học Critical Care giúp cho các bạn có thêm kiến thức về ngành y học đề tài: A longitudinal follow-up of posttraumatic stress: from 9 months to 20 years after a major road traffic accident...

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  • Depression is more common in women than in men and is known to be mediated by serotonin receptor levels [43,63]. Specifically, depression is linked to decreased density of serotonin receptors and decreased efficacy of serotonin in the brain. The increased risk, timing of onset, and effectiveness of treatment of depression in women may be mediated by estrogen's effect on serotonin recep- tors.

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  • In 1996 Warner et al. (27) demonstrated that in the UK the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in the postnatal period varied between 10-15%. With regards to postnatal depression, a systematic literature review carried out by Robertson et al. (28), found that the rates of both, first onset and severe depression were three times higher in the postnatal period than during other periods of women's lives. In a large proportion of women with postnatal depression, symptoms persist for at least a year postpartum.

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  • The early recognition of mental health problems in general populations has received considerable attention. One can utilize the results of the numerous published population studies for the early recognition and identification of psychological distress in pregnant women. Two of the "general screening instruments" that have been most frequently utilized in the last 20 years are the General Health Questionnaire (GHQ) (105) and the Self-Reporting Questionnaire (SRQ) (106).

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