China today is an economic giant deeply embedded in global trade and
production. In 2006, China’s nominal gross domestic product (GDP) exceeded
two and one-half trillion U.S. dollars, larger than that of France and
approaching that of Germany. Calibrated in the metric used by the World
Bank to capture comparable real standards of living, China’s GDP in 2006
reached 10.21 trillion purchasing power parity (PPP) dollars, thereby placing
its economy second in the world only after the United States.1...
It is a very common thing now-a-days to meet people who are going to "China," which can be reached by the
Siberian railway in fourteen or fifteen days. This brings us at once to the question--What is meant by the term
Taken in its widest sense, the term includes Mongolia, Manchuria, Eastern Turkestan, Tibet, and the Eighteen
Provinces, the whole being equivalent to an area of some five million square miles, that is, considerably more
than twice the size of the United States of America.
There are indeed enough Histories of China already: why yet another one? Because the time has come for new
departures; because we need to clear away the false notions with which the general public is constantly being
fed by one author after another; because from time to time syntheses become necessary for the presentation of
the stage reached by research.
Histories of China fall, with few exceptions, into one or the other of two groups, pro-Chinese and
anti-Chinese: the latter used to predominate, but today the former type is much more frequently found....
China is the theatre of the greatest movement now taking place on the face of the globe. In comparison with it,
the agitation in Russia shrinks to insignificance; for it is not political, but social. Its object is not a changed
dynasty, nor a revolution in the form of government; but, with higher aim and deeper motive, it promises
nothing short of the complete renovation of the oldest, most populous, and most conservative of empires.
This volume is the third to be published of a series on "The World's Living Religions," projected in 1920 by
the Board of Missionary Preparation of the Foreign Missions Conference of North America. The series seeks Buddhism is a religion which must be viewed from many angles. Its original form, as preached by Gautama in
India and developed in the early years succeeding, and as embodied in the sacred literature of early Buddhism,
is not representative of the actual Buddhism of any land today.