Article 87 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland mentions – among the universally
binding legislation – also ratiﬁ ed international conventions/agreements. It means that these con-
ventions/agreements form a part of the domestic legal order and have precedence over national
laws in the event of potential collision with these laws, if they have been ratiﬁ ed upon prior consent
granted by the Act of Parliament (Article 91 of the Constitution of the Republic of Poland).
While midnight festivities still echoed the ether was electrified as European air navigation
services providers subconscious minds merged on January 1st 2012 hoping that they will
perform in accordance with the expectations of the just-born performance scheme. Is this an
overture to the page-turner of success or endless soap-opera of debacle?
Nobody yet invented the universal formula that govern the provision of air navigation
services for any given combination of air traffic flow, its variability and complexity,
airspace configuration and operational environment. It is only certain that the magic
formula should in order to fit snugly in any case, simultaneously consider variables of
people, procedures, systems and environment. The authors of this book are proving
the statement as their contributions focus on developments in the field of air
navigation services from a wealth of particular different aspects....
Magnenat Thalmann and Thalmann 
propose a new classification of computer animation
scenes involving synthetic actors both according to the method of controlling motion and according
to the kinds of interactions the actors have. A motion control method specifies how an actor is
animated and may be characterized according to the type of information to which it is privileged in
animating the synthetic actor. For example, in a keyframe system for an articulated body, the
privileged information to be manipulated is joint angles.
The word soliton was coined in 1965 to describe the particle-like properties of pulses propagating in a nonlinear medium . The pulse envelope for solitons not only propagates undistorted but also survives collisions just as particles do. The existence of solitons in optical ﬁbers and their use for optical communications were suggested in 1973 , and by 1980 solitons had been observed experimentally .
Can we build a safe, self-driving vehicle? Yes. In fact, Google has already logged more
than 200,000 miles in a fleet of self-driving cars retrofitted with sensors. And Google
is not alone; traditional automakers and suppliers have also developed self-driving
functionality using sensor-based solutions and have a host of new applications in
The spleen is the intra-abdominal organ most often injured as a result of blunt trauma. The
spleen is the most vascular organ of the body and, for this reason, splenic injury is
potentially life threatening. The most common mechanism for such injury is motor vehicle
collision. Left lower rib fractures are suggestive of spleen injury, although an intact rib cage
does not exclude spleen trauma.