Xem 1-20 trên 388 kết quả Potential health
  • Since 2005, a dozen of the United States and more than 15 medical specialties have reported a physician shortage or anticipate one in the next few years. This anticipated shortage and a worsening of physician distribution are compounded by a projected increased demand for health care services. Health care of women of all ages is particularly vulnerable. The obstetrician gynecologist workforce is aging and is among the least satisfied medical specialists. Primary care physicians such as family physicians and general internists will be asked to care for more women who are elderly.

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  • This working paper focuses on the relevance of social, socioeconomic and behavioural factors on health status and mortality in a longitudinal setting and in a life-course perspective. First, we identify those factors which determine the health status of people aged 60+ in Germany. Based on this, our second aim is to find factors which determine transitions from good general health status, or from the absence of specific diseases, to a bad general health status or the presence of specific diseases.

    pdf61p ut_hai_can 26-12-2012 41 9   Download

  • Including urinary issues in the gynecologic evaluation is helpful. Urinary tract infections (UTIs) are one of the most common reasons to seek medical care and are sometimes triggered by sexual activity. Urinary incontinence is an increasingly recognized health problem (see Chapter 10). Finally, because domestic violence is common (2), screening for current or previous physical, emotional, or sexual abuse is an important part of the pa- tient’s history and in some states is mandatory.

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  • In May 2006, the nanotechnology consultancy firm Lux Research published a report entitled ‘‘Taking action on nanotech environmental, safety and health risks’’ (Lux Research, 2006). The report addressed the potential impact of real and perceived risks on nano-businesses from a commercial perspective, and concluded that ‘‘One of the biggest challenges facing firms commercializing nanotechnology innovations today is managing environmental, health and safety (EHS) risks)’’.

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  • From the perspective of behavioral economics, rationality is bounded by asymmetrical preferences. Consider, for example, status quo bias. Samuelson and Zeckhauser (1988) reported that when Harvard University changed some of the health insurance options it offered employees, newly hired personnel were more likely to enroll than were people already on the university’s payroll; those employees generally chose to keep their current plans. The appeal of the status quo can be explained, in part, by the concept of loss aversion.

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  • Paraplegia remains a potential complication of spinal cord ischemic reperfusion injury (IRI) in which oxidative stress induced cyclooxygenase activities may contribute to ischemic neuronal damage. Prolonged administration of vitamin E (α-TOL), as a potent biological antioxidant, may have a protective role in this oxidative inflammatory ischemic cascade to reduce the incidence of paraplegia. The present study was designed to evaluate the preventive value of α-TOL in IRI of spinal cord.

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  • With the great voyages in the fifteenth century it became necessary to evaluate the damage caused by the potential loss of ships. Emerges then the term risk, with connotations similar to what is meant today, but the understanding of its causes was related to accidents and, therefore, impossible to predict. The development of classical probability theory, in the midseventeenth century, to solve problems related to gambling, allowed the start of the process of quantifying the risks, but the causes were still credited to chance....

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  • Given the importance of the insurance sector, its potential for growth, rapidly emerging trends within the sector including the trend towards liberalization of insurance services, it is essential to clearly understand the challenges and opportunities that arise from both the development of the insurance sector as well as its liberalization for developing countries.

    pdf14p thangbienthai 27-11-2012 28 5   Download

  • A mandate requiring all individuals to pur- chase health insurance would be an unprece- dented form of federal action. The government has never required people to buy any good or service as a condition of lawful residence in the United States. An individual mandate would have two features that, in combination, would make it unique. First, it would impose a duty on individuals as members of society. Second, it would require people to purchase a specific service that would be heavily regu- lated by the federal government.

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  • Both Planned Parenthood and the alternative sites we interviewed typically had relationships with other local health care providers. Thus, changes that affect one set of clinics, like Planned Parenthood, may have repercussions for other providers in the communities. Clinics often refer patients for care at other facilities if they cannot provide the services themselves. For example, if a woman is diagnosed with diabetes in a WHP exam at a family planning clinic, she would be referred to a community health center or public primary care clinic for further follow- up and care.

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  • The presence or absence of diseases is strongly associated with individual health but did not fulfil the multidimensional concept of health. Health is characterised by dynamic and multi-factorial influences on the physical, psychological and social functioning of an individual. On the one hand, an objective health status includes the set of diagnosed physiological and psychological diseases of an individual.

    pdf59p ut_hai_can 26-12-2012 39 5   Download

  • You may be asked to choose between a “tax-qualified” long-term care insurance policy and one that is “non-tax-qualified.” There are important differences between the two types of policies. These differences were created by the Health Insurance Portability and Accountability Act (HIPAA). A federally tax-qualified long-term care insurance policy, or a qualified policy, offers certain federal income tax advantages. If you have a qualified long-term care policy and you itemize your deductions, you may be able to deduct part or all of the premium you pay for the policy.

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  • Many policy makers and researchers believe that voluntary cost pooling of employees across small firms will make insurance affordable to these firms. This is possible because, on average, expected costs of employees at small firms are only slightly higher than large firms. We show that risk pooling across firms may not work as well as this conventional wisdom would suggest, because of large between-firm heterogeneity in employee characteristics at small firms.

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  • Conventional approaches to health in poor countries focus on disease–specific interventions and their cost effectiveness, implemented via the path of least resistance with a strong emphasis on short term results. The upshot is that sys- temic problems which underlie poor health, failing health systems, and health inequity are circumvented. Long–term, sustainable strategies are rarely devel- oped or deployed. The crisis may change its spots, expressing itself in different diseases, populations or geographic areas, but it essentially continues unabated.

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  • Although not specifically referred to as quick starting, previous Faculty guidance has advised that contraceptive methods can be started at any point in the menstrual cycle if a practitioner is reasonably certain that the woman is not currently pregnant (Box 1)8 or at risk of pregnancy. As sperm may be viable in the female reproductive tract for up to 7 days, health professionals should consider if a woman is at risk of becoming pregnant as a result of unprotected sexual intercourse (UPSI) within the last 7 days.

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  • Why indeed? You’ve done alright so far. But wouldn’t you like to do better? In truth, it’s not really a matter of worry, more a case of having concerns. While it would be daft to assume this twenty-first century lifestyle is going to kill us all, it would be equally misguided to think we can live to our fullest potential without putting a bit of effort into how we do it. And if you’ve got as far as picking this book up and opening it you are probably almost as aware of this as we are.

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  • These are two dramatically different exercises. In recent decades much work in the public health field has focused on the first, on identifying the primary causes of poor health, including their prevalence and distribution, and on developing an evidence-based understanding of the interventions that will work to addresses those causes. There is broad consensus on the methodology for evaluating evidence of the efficacy of interventions.

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  • Rapid improvements in health and nutrition in developing countries may be ascribed to specific, deliberate, health- and nutrition-related interventions and to changes in the underly- ing social, economic, and health environments. This chapter is concerned with the contribution of specific interventions, while recognizing that improved living standards in the long run provide the essential basis for improved health.

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  • Bivariate and multivariate analyses were done to measure the effects of the interventions. Knowledge of HIV/AIDS increased in the intervention sites compared to the control sites, with greater improvement in Site B with the additional school-based intervention. The knowledge of contraceptives improved in both intervention and control sites, with the greatest improvement seen in Site A.

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  • Height and weight of the subjects were measured using standard procedures. The weight was measured using SECA balance with minimum of cloths to the nearest of 100 gms and height was measured using an anthropometric rod to the minimum of 0.5 cm. Body mass index (BMI : weight in kg/height in meters2 ) was calculated from heights and weights. A value ≤ 18.5 is considered as a cut-off point for chronic energy deficiency (CED) or undernutrition (thinness), while BMI ≥ 25 is considered as overweight or obese. Prevalence of diseases in both groups separately was calculated.

    pdf9p taisaokhongthedung 01-01-2013 19 3   Download

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