Software development today is embracing functional programming (FP), whether it's for writing concurrent programs or for managing Big Data. Where does that leave Java developers? This concise book offers a pragmatic, approachable introduction to FP for Java developers or anyone who uses an object-oriented language.
This book is a recipe-based approach to using the CVS Version Control system that will get you up and running quickly--and correctly. All projects need version control: it's a foundational piece of any project's infrastructure. Yet half of all project teams in the U.S. don't use any version control at all. Many others don't use it well, and end up experiencing time-consuming problems.
Functional Programming in C# leads you along a path that begins with the historic value of functional ideas. Inside, C# MVP and functional programming expert Oliver Sturm explains the details of relevant language features in C# and describes theory and practice of using functional techniques in C#, including currying, partial application, composition, memoization, and monads.
We report on an investigation of the pragmatic category of topic in Danish dialog and its correlation to surface features of NPs. Using a corpus of 444 utterances, we trained a decision tree system on 16 features. The system achieved nearhuman performance with success rates of 84–89% and F 1 -scores of 0.63–0.72 in 10fold cross validation tests (human performance: 89% and 0.78). The most important features turned out to be preverbal position, deﬁniteness, pronominalisation, and non-subordination. We discovered that NPs in epistemic matrix clauses (e.g. “I think . . .
We describe a formal framework for interpretation of words and compounds in a discourse context which integrates a symbolic lexicon/grammar, word-sense probabilities, and a pragmatic component. The approach is motivated by the need to handle productive word use. In this paper, we concentrate on compound nominals. We discuss the inadequacies of approaches which consider compound interpretation as either wholly lexico-grammatical or wholly pragmatic, and provide an alternative integrated account. ...
We use machine learners trained on a combination of acoustic conﬁdence and pragmatic plausibility features computed from dialogue context to predict the accuracy of incoming n-best recognition hypotheses to a spoken dialogue system. Our best results show a 25% weighted f-score improvement over a baseline system that implements a “grammar-switching” approach to context-sensitive speech recognition.
We describe a statistical approach for modeling agreements and disagreements in conversational interaction. Our approach ﬁrst identiﬁes adjacency pairs using maximum entropy ranking based on a set of lexical, durational, and structural features that look both forward and backward in the discourse. We then classify utterances as agreement or disagreement using these adjacency pairs and features that represent various pragmatic inﬂuences of previous agreement or disagreement on the current utterance. ...
This paper reviews discourse phenomena that occur frequently in task.oriented man.machine dialogs, reporting on a~n empirical study that demonstrates the necessity of handling ellipsis, anaphora, extragrammaticality, inter-sentential metalanguage, and other abbreviatory devices in order to achieve convivial user interaction. Invariably, users prefer to generate terse or fragmentary utterances instead of longer, more complete "standalone" expressions, even when given clear instructions tO the contrary.
In this paper we examine the pragmatic knowledge an utterance-planning system must have in order to produce certain kinds of definite and indefinite noun phrases. An utterance.planning system, like other planning systems, plans actions to satisfy an agent's goals, but allows some of the actions to consist of the utterance of sentences. This approach to language generation emphasizes the view of language as action, and hence assigns a critical role to pragmatics.
We offer a semantics and pragmatics of the pluperfect in narrative discourse. We rexamine in a formal model of implicature, how the reader's knowledge about the discourse, Gricean-maxims and causation contribute to the meaning of the pluperfect. By placing the analysis in a theory where the interactions among these knowledge resources can be precisely computed, we overcome some problems with previous Reichenbachian approaches.
Strengthening functioning systems to improve health outcomes will, in some cases, require new ways of thinking about
health investments and greater dialogue with partner countries about constraints and opportunities.
The global trading system is undergoing a period of transition. Shifting economic
circumstances, major advances in technology and the emergence of
new players on the global scene, all underscore that we are on the cusp of
big changes. Persistent imbalances, driven largely by macro-economic
factors continue to be a cause of concern in some major economies.
SMG 2 has always treated its working methods using a pragmatic approach. Working methods were discussed and agreed when problems arose or in anticipation of problems, and were adapted when practical experiences were made.
This book is an in-depth introduction to Erlang, a programming language ideal for any situation where concurrency, fault tolerance, and fast response is essential. Erlang is gaining widespread adoption with the advent of multi-core processors and their new scalable approach to concurrency. With this guide you'll learn how to write complex concurrent programs in Erlang, regardless of your programming background or experience.
Evidence-based practice has become a common expression in the helping
professions over the last decade. Beginning with medicine and moving to
fi elds such as psychology and social work, the number of books on evidencebased
practice has grown signifi cantly. What makes this book different? This
book is aimed at preservice and in-service school-based mental health service
providers, such as school counselors, school psychologists, and school
social workers. It is not a research book. It is a book about research-infused
This book is a must for anyone using Stripes, novice or pro. The author has done a great job of explaining the basics as well as the details of Stripes’ amazing features while showing how to build a reallife application. A novice developer can get up to speed fast, keeping with Stripes’ pragmatic approach to development: “It doesn’t have to be hard.” As the chapters progress, you will gain thorough knowledge of all the Stripes features.
When starting hormonal contraception after POEC (Levonelle 1500® or Levonelle One Step®)
additional contraception should be advised until contraceptive efficacy is established (see
Summary on page iv).
There are no data on quick starting hormonal contraception after use of the emergency
contraceptive, ulipristal acetate (UPA) (ellaOne®). As UPA is a progesterone receptor
modulator that blocks the action of progesterone, it may affect the contraceptive efficacy of
hormonal methods.35,36 However, no interaction studies have been carried out to date.
Find out which technologies enable the Grid and how to employ them successfully! This invaluable text provides a complete, clear, systematic, and practical understanding of the technologies that enable the Grid. The authors outline all the components necessary to create a Grid infrastructure that enables support for a range of wide–area distributed applications. The Grid: Core Technologies takes a pragmatic approach with numerous practical examples of software in context.
The Essays which follow represent an attempt at intellectual coöperation. No effort has been made, however,
to attain unanimity of belief nor to proffer a platform of "planks" on which there is agreement. The consensus
represented lies primarily in outlook, in conviction of what is most likely to be fruitful in method of approach.
As the title page suggests, the volume presents a unity in attitude rather than a uniformity in results.
Consequently each writer is definitively responsible only for his own essay.
Technological improvements, more efficient international communications and
transportation, regional economic integration and a number of trade agreements
have dramatically changed the international business environment and contributed
to the growth of international trade. At a macro level, increasing exports is
considered to have positive effects on economic growth and employment levels.
At a micro level, exporting allows firms to pursue growth opportunities, diversify
business risks and increase profits (Leonidou and Katsikeas 1996; Ramaseshan and