“This book starts out with a nice introduction discussing what unit testing is as well as why we should do it. I like the anecdotes peppered throughout the book illustrating the point of why one should bother. . . . I also really liked the analogies you use. It puts the code into a real-world context.” Sharee L. Johnson, Project Lead, Applications Development
Semantics is the study of the “toolkit” for meaning: knowledge encoded in the vocabulary of the language and in its patterns for building more elaborate meanings, up to the level of sentence meanings. Pragmatics is concerned with the use of these tools in meaningful communication. Pragmatics is about the interaction of semantic knowledge with our knowledge of the world, taking into account contexts of use. The following is part 2 of the ebook "An introduction to English Semantics and Pragmatics", inviting you to refer.
Pragmatism is enjoying a renaissance in management studies and the
social sciences. Once written off as amoral, relativist and opposed to
the ideals of Truth, Reason and Progress, it is now regaining inl uence
in public policy, international relations and business strategy.
But what can pragmatism teach us about strategy? How can pragmatic
strategies help businesses to succeed? This innovative book
presents a pragmatic framework for shaping and solving strategic
problems in a practical, creative, ethical and i nely balanced manner.
Subversion sets the standard in version control systems. Championed by open-source developers, Subversion is behind some of today's biggest and most important software, including Apache, FreeBSD, Ruby, and MediaWiki. But more than just a tool for open-source collaboration, Subversion has made a significant impact in the corporate IT world. Most developers will now encounter Subversion source control during their career.
Model-theoretic pragmatics is an attempt to provide a formal description of the pragmatics of natural language as effects arising from using model-theoretic semantics in a dynamic environment. The pragmatic phenomena considered here have been variously labeled ~resupposition [I] and eonven¢ional implicature . The models used in traditional model-theoretic semantics provide a complete and static representation of knowledge about the world, llowever, this is not the environment in which language is used. ...
An utterance may be syntactically and semantIcally well-formed yet violate the pragmatic rules of the world model. This paper presents a context-based strateEy for constructing a cooperative but limited response to pragmatlcally illformed queries. Sug~estlon heuristics use a context model of the speaker's task inferred from the preceding dialogue to propose revisions to the speaker's ill-formed query. Selection heuristics then evaluate these suggestions based upon semantic and relevance criteria. ...
Developers the world over talk about Programming Ruby and the Ruby language. . .
“Ruby is a wonderfully powerful and useful language, and whenever I’m working with it, this book is at my side.” Martin Fowler, Chief Scientist, ThoughtWorks “If your world revolves around Java, as mine did, then you need this outstanding book to learn all the wonderful things you’re missing. There’s just one catch: you’ll be spoiled from then on. Indeed, after reading just a few pages of Programming Ruby, programming in any language other than Ruby will feel like you’re pushing rope.
Join the next wave of Web 2.0 software development in the cloud! Cloud applications are the next big shift in application development: instead of building single-user applications to run on a personal computer, new applications are being built as multi-user services that run in data centers around the world. One of the most exciting new environments for building services in the cloud is Google's AppEngine.
Whether it's in Java, .NET, or Ruby on Rails, getting your application ready to ship is only half the battle. Did you design your system to survivef a sudden rush of visitors from Digg or Slashdot? Or an influx of real world customers from 100 different countries? Are you ready for a world filled with flakey networks, tangled databases, and impatient users?
If you're a developer and don't want to be on call for 3AM for the rest of your life, this book will help.
In Release It!, Michael T. Nygard shows you how to design and architect your application for the...
INGN has taken over the industry as the most widely-used page layout program in the world. It features better typography and transparency features, speedier performance, and more overall control than any other layout program. This Bible, written by respected INGN and QuarkXPress expert Galen Gruman, is packed with real-world insights from publishing pros who use INGN in critical projects. The INGN Bible shows users the program's innovative architecture and functionality and tells them everything they need to know to get up to speed.
The illicit and covert nature of counterfeiting makes evaluating the exact value of
these markets problematic and to be regarded with some caution (OECD, 1998; Dixon
and Greenhalgh, 2002). However, estimates of the economic cost of counterfeiting to
industry and government offer some indication of the size of the markets. Quoting
European Commission figures, the OECD estimated in 1998 that counterfeit goods
were worth between 5-7 per cent of world trade, and had demonstrated 150 per cent
growth in value between 1990 and 1995 (OECD, 1998, p.23).
The newest release of Adobe Creative Suite boasts a world of must-have features and enhancements to each of its applications: Photoshop, Illustrator, InDesign, GoLive, Acrobat, and Version Cue. Written by a duo of Adobe experts, this thorough reference focuses on the collection of programs that comprise the Creative Suite and shows you how to efficiently integrate and manage your workflow between these applications. Padova and Murdock address common issues and explain how to handle typical challenges with the intent of putting you on your way to becoming a more productive designer....
This book was written after FASB released its proposed FAS 123 revision
Tin March 2004. As one of the valuation consultants and FASB advisors
on the FAS 123 initiative in 2003 and 2004, I would like to illustrate to
the ﬁnance and accounting world that what FASB has proposed is actually
pragmatic and applicable. I am neither for nor against the expensing of
employee stock options and would recuse myself from the philosophical
and sometimes emotional debate on whether employee ...
Shaari Isa Accounting is a subject that is fast expanding consistent with the needs of the business world. Like any other pragmatic disciplines, accounting has to adapt to its changing cultural, business, and economic environments. This book is written with the aim of fulfilling part of the needs for local materials in advanced accounting. It is a development of existing accounting materials at the intermediate level. It should be suitable for students preparing themselves for the final year financial accounting examinations in the institutes of higher learning.
This study does not attempt to review either all the relevant theory or all of what is known about implicature in the world's languages. Rather, an attempt is made to pinpoint some of the most tantalizing theoretical and descriptive problems, to sketch the way in attempts to analyze pragmatically the conversational implicatures of a conversational transcript in a Today's Dialogue program
There is a hidden revolution going on: geography is moving from niche to the mainstream. GIS for Web Developers introduces Geographic Information Systems (GIS) in simple terms and demonstrates hands-on uses. With this book, you'll explore popular websites like maps.google.com, see the technologies they use, and learn how to create your own. Written with the usual Pragmatic Bookshelf humor and real-world experience, GIS for Web Developers makes geographic programming concepts accessible to the common developer...
“If everyone would implement just 20% of Steve’s guidelines, the Web would be a dramatically better place. Between this book and Steve’s YSlow extension, there’s really no excuse for having a sluggish web site anymore.” — Joe Hewitt, Developer of Firebug debugger and Mozilla’s DOM Inspector
“Steve Souders has done a fantastic job of distilling a massive, semi-arcane art down to a set of concise, actionable, pragmatic engineering steps that will change the world of web performance.” — Eric Lawrence, Developer of the Fiddler Web Debugger, Microsoft Corporation
An excellent peek into a pragmatic application of the best of the agile processes in a real-world scenario. If you ever wondered “Am I doing it right?” then this book may just provide you with the answer. Every technical team lead interested in seeing how an agile process actually works should buy this now! ➤ Colin Yates, Principle Engineer, QFI Consulting LLP, UK It rocks. Finally, a nonpuritan, pragmatic, successful case study with real, usable ideas.