A pandemic is a global disease outbreak. A flu pa
demic occurs when a new influenza virus emerge
for which people have little or no immunity, and f
which there is no vaccine. The disease spreads ea
ily person-to-person, causes serious illness, and
can sweep across the country and around the
world in a very short time.
It is difficult to predict when the next influenza
pandemic will occur or how severe it will be.
Wherever and whenever a pandemic starts, every
one around the world is at risk.
Once sustained human infection is documented, early in a pandemic, especially before a vaccine is available or
during a period of limited supply, HHS may implement travel-related and community-based public health
strategies in order to impede the spread of the virus and reduce the number of people infected.
Contact with blood and other body fluids of another person require more intimate exposure than
usually occurs in childcare settings. Some infections are spread through contact with
contaminated blood with a cut that lets germs into the body. Following standard precautions to
remove blood from the environment safely prevents transmission of bloodborne germs. Because it
is impossible to know who might have a bloodborne disease, routine use of standard precautions
protects everyone against the spread of HIV, Hepatitis B, Hepatitis C, and Hepatitis D.