Association rules represent a promising technique to find
hidden patterns in a medical data set. The main issue about
mining association rules in a medical data set is the large
number of rules that are discovered, most of which are irrelevant.
Such number of rules makes search slow and interpretation
by the domain expert difficult. In this work, search
constraints are introduced to find only medically significant
association rules and make search more efficient.
Safety/Reliability engineering did not develop as a unified discipline, but grew out of the
integration of a number of activities, previously the province of various branches of engineering.
Since no human activity can enjoy zero risk, and no equipment has a zero rate of failure,
there has emerged a safety technology for optimizing risk. This attempts to balance the risk
of a given activity against its benefits and seeks to assess the need for further risk reduction
depending upon the cost.
This 2013 Work Programme sets out the long term vision of what the EU might look like in
key policy areas, summarises what is missing today and explains how the Commission will
tackle these challenges. By prioritising the right kind of initiatives, the EU can contribute to
growth and job creation and can step by step move closer to its longer term vision.
The Commission has already tabled a wide range of growth enhancing proposals which are
now being negotiated by the co-legislators.
Businesses’ investment in equipment and software should continue to grow at a
healthy pace in the coming year, driven by rising demand for products and services, the
continuing need to replace or update existing equipment, strong corporate balance sheets,
and the low cost of financing, at least for those firms with access to public capital
markets. Rising sales and increased business confidence should also lead firms to expand
payrolls. However, investment in structures will likely remain weak.
Today, information has become the lifeline for business sustainability and competitive advantage. Firms of all size are searching for practical ways to create business value – to get their arms around information, correlate insights and to confidently predict outcomes and take action.
further understanding of atmospheric processes, and advances in technology will continue to enhance the accuracy and resolution of atmospheric analysis and prediction. As a consequence, society will enjoy greater confidence in atmospheric information and forecasts and will be able to act more decisively and effectively. THE ATMOSPHERIC SCIENCES AND OTHER DISCIPLINES This report, by design, focuses on the atmosphere, but recognizes that the atmosphere interacts intimately with other parts of the Earth and its...
Improvements in atmospheric observations, further understanding of atmospheric processes, and advances in technology will continue to enhance the accuracy and resolution of atmospheric analysis and prediction. As a consequence, society will enjoy greater confidence in atmospheric information and forecasts and will be able to act more decisively and effectively.
Given a set of transactions, find rules that will predict the occurrence of an item based on the occurrences of other items in the transaction.
Given a set of transactions T, the goal of association rule mining is to find all rules having
support ≥ minsup threshold
confidence ≥ minconf threshold
List all possible association rules
Compute the support and confidence for each rule
Prune rules that fail the minsup and minconf thresholds
As Michael Crichton states: “The physician as lifestyle expert, as well as wellness advisor, has already
begun to appear. And increasingly, as medicine develops predictive procedures and genetic profiles, the
doctor will be able to use technology as a preventive rather than a curative measure to administer tests. For
example, tailor preventive measures for individual patients with the same specificity with which he or she
now dispenses medications for disease.”
This is the key, the missing link.
Just as it is difficult to forecast the severity of a pandemic, it is hard to predict its
economic effects, even if the outbreak’s scope and severity are known. Based on past
influenza pandemics and the SARS outbreak, the most significant impacts would be a
sharp decline in demand as people avoided shopping malls, restaurants, and other
public spaces, and a reduction in the labour supply as workers become ill, stay home out
of fear, or take care of others who are sick.
The general slowdown in economic activity would reduce gross domestic product (GDP).