Xem 1-20 trên 64 kết quả Pregnancy prevention
  • The second edition, like the first one, is intended to provide practical guidance to clinicians looking after patients with heart disease, or who may be at risk of cardiac problems, in pregnancy and the puerperium. These will be hospital physicians and cardiologists, obstetricians, general practitioners and specialist nurses who provide direct care as well as the anaesthetists responsible for making delivery safe and the geneticists who answer the many questions posed by couples with a personal or family history of heart disease....

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  • Gastrointestinal and Liver Disease Up to 90% of pregnant women experience nausea and vomiting during the first trimester of pregnancy. Occasionally, hyperemesis gravidarum requires hospitalization to prevent dehydration, and sometimes parenteral nutrition is required. Crohn's disease may be associated with exacerbations in the second and third trimesters. Ulcerative colitis is associated with disease exacerbations in the first trimester and during the early postpartum period.

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  • Advances in obstetrics, neonatology, obstetric anesthesiology, and medicine have increased the expectation that pregnancy will result in an excellent outcome for both mother and fetus despite most of these conditions. Successful pregnancy requires important physiologic adaptations, such as a marked increase in cardiac output. Medical problems that interfere with the physiologic adaptations of pregnancy increase the risk for poor pregnancy outcome; conversely, in some instances pregnancy may adversely impact an underlying medical disorder. ...

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  • Tham khảo sách 'world report on road traffic injury prevention', kỹ thuật - công nghệ, cơ khí - chế tạo máy phục vụ nhu cầu học tập, nghiên cứu và làm việc hiệu quả

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  • Ectopic pregnancy is defined as a pregnancy in which the implantation of the embryo occurs out- side the uterine cavity, most frequently in one of the two fallopian tubes or, more rarely, in the abdo-minal cavity or the cervix .

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  • More than seven hundred thousand teenagers a year get pregnant in the United States. The teen pregnancy rate has fallen thirty-eight percent since the early nineteen nineties. And the National Campaign to Prevent Teen and Unplanned Pregnancy says the teen birth rate has fallen by almost as much. Six out of ten pregnant teenagers in two thousand six gave birth.

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  • The successful epidemiologic evaluation of any particular disease or condition has several prerequisites. Two of the most important prerequisites are that the condition should be accurately defi ned and that there should be measurable outcomes of interest. Another requirement is that there must be some systematic way of data collection or surveillance that will allow the measurement of the outcomes of interest and associated risk factors. The epidemiologic evaluation of critical illness associated with pregnancy has met with mixed success on all of these counts....

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  • A national infrastructure council should also be tasked with collecting and dis- seminating best practices pertaining to project selection, preventative mainte- nance, and construction cost reduction. It would also promote the use of common objective measures to evaluate the progress of ongoing and completed infrastruc- ture projects. The council would work to identify opportunities for innovation and help develop new mechanisms for leveraging private investment.

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  • A study in Herat province concludes that the extraordinarily high number of deaths of women during pregnancy and childbirth are largely preventable. They are a direct consequence of the very young marriage age for women and girls (according to UNIFEM, 54% of girls under the age of 18 are married),12 poor health and nutrition, too-frequent childbearing, and virtually no access to gynecological and obstetrical services.

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  • The publication of this textbook marks a great milestone in our joint efforts at achieving the Millennium Development Goal 5, which aims to reduce maternal mortality by three-quarters, a daunting task indeed for most developing countries. The African region, especially Eastern and Western Africa, has the highest ratio of women dying as a result of pregnancy or childbirth in the world, estimated at an average of 1000 per 100 000 live births.

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  • Current practice guidelines for ventilatory management advocate protective lung strategies to prevent volutrauma, barotrauma, atelectrauma and biotrauma (3-5). The principles are to use low tidal volumes (Vt) (5-6 ml/kg ideal body weight), maintenance of low mean airway pressures ≤ 30 cmH2O, judicious use of positive end-expiratory pressure (PEEP) with Δ pressure ≤ 18 cmH2O, higher respiratory rates and permissive hypercapnia.

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  • A body of research has determined that, by expanding the availability of low cost family planning services to a broader set of low-income women, the savings associated with averted unplanned pregnancies and other health improvements substantially exceed the cost of additional family planning services. 16 Research has demonstrated that publicly funded family planning services are effective in promoting contraceptive use among low-income women and in averting unplanned pregnancies.

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  • Overweight and obesity in the United States among adults and children has increased significantly over the last two decades. Those following typical American eating and activity patterns are likely to be consuming diets in excess of their energy requirements. However, caloric intake is only one side of the energy balance equation. Caloric expenditure needs to be in balance with caloric intake to maintain body weight and must exceed caloric intake to achieve weight loss (see tables 3 and 4).

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  • Although pregnancy can be classified as a normal physiologic condition, it is fraught with considerable risk to both mother and offspring. Fortunately, most of the risk occurs to a minority of patients. Thus, it is prudent to identify those at risk and attempt to prevent the morbidity and mortality. Some factors contributing to risk are quite obvious, but others are very subtle. Thus, care must be taken in definitions, screening programs, and application of the tools available for diagnosis and treatment.

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  • The medical model emphasises health care and remedial treatment. Greater importance needs now to be attached to primary prevention and health promotion and with which there is a heightened need for people to accept their personal responsibility and individual accountability. Traditional approaches to health have not encompassed sufficiently primary prevention. New models are needed for positive health. These models require a reassessment of value systems in society that enables improved understanding of the WHO slogan: ‘health is our real wealth’. ...

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  • Results from the univariate analysis of prostate cancer mortality and incidence do not take into account the effect of different covariables, which might influence the SMR and SIR. Various covariables where considered to model longitudinal effects: age, calendar year, year of immigration, length of stay in Germany; cohort was considered for the analysis of mortality. Multivariate Poisson regression did not show any significant effect of the considered covariables on mortality (data not shown).

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  • As seen in Table 7, both Planned Parenthood and other WHP clinics typically offer a comprehensive range of contraceptive methods. The methods include oral contraceptives (the Pill) as well as long-acting reversible contraceptives (LARCs) such as intrauterine devices (IUDs), implants (e.g., Implanon), or injectables (e.g., Depo-Provera). LARCs are particularly important because they are the most effective in preventing unintended pregnancies and have lower failure rates.

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  • Ensuring universal access to SRH services and information is essential for achieving many, if not all, of the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), especially those on maternal health, child survival, HIV and AIDS and gender equality [5]. Most maternal deaths can be prevented if there is skilled attendance at birth to cope with potentially fatal complications. Access to safe and effective family planning services and contraception empowers women to have more control over when to have children and lessens the incidence of unsafe abortions.

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  • The need for A Bird in the Bush: Failed Domestic Policies of the George W. Bush Administration was sparked by what many informed and responsible Americans have seen as serious blunders committed by President George W. Bush during his first term of office. Especially troublesome is the 2005 Inaugural Address. This second inaugural address illustrates how “Bush II” is derailing the purpose of America as a nation. (It is analyzed in the introduction.) Bush II could not perform this derailing all on his own. He had help.

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  • Previous chapters emphasized physiologic concepts concerning cardiac and vascular function at the cellular and organ level. In addition, they examined mechanisms, such as baroreceptors and circulating hormones, that regulate overall cardiovascular function. This chapter integrates all the components of the cardiovascular system and shows how they work together to maintain normal perfusion of organs under conditions of increased organ demand for blood flow (e.g., during exercise and pregnancy) or during abnormal stressful conditions such as hemorrhage....

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