The signiﬁcance and potential of the protocol go well beyond Africa. The treaty afﬁrms
reproductive choice and autonomy as a key human right and contains a number of global ﬁrsts.
For example, it represents the ﬁrst time that an international human rights instrument has
explicitly articulated a woman’s right to abortion when pregnancy results from sexual assault,
rape, or incest; when continuation of the pregnancy endangers the life or health of the pregnant
woman; and in cases of grave fetal defects that are incompatible with life.
Medicaid, a joint federal and state program which provides health care
coverage for low-income individuals and families; pregnant women; and
aged, blind, and disabled people, provided health coverage for an
estimated 20.1 million children aged 2 through 18 in federal fiscal year
The states operate their Medicaid programs within broad federal
requirements and may contract with managed care organizations to
provide Medicaid benefits or use other forms of managed care, when
approved by CMS.
A student magazine asserts that a key action towards sustainability is ‘don’t
have kids’ (Anon. 2008: 29). Another ‘green’ magazine for parents points out
that ‘in the US, even having just one child creates a carbon legacy almost six
times greater than each parent’s own lifetime carbon emissions’ (McAleer
2009). Sustainability and birthing human children are figured as mutually
exclusive. So how do we get an edited collection of essays in a book with both
the words ‘sustainability’ and ‘birth’ in the title?...
Chickenpox or Shingles (Varicella Virus)--First-time exposure to this virus during pregnancy
may cause miscarriage, multiple birth defects, and severe disease in newborns. Chickenpox can be
a serious illness in adults. Most people (90% to 95% of adults) were exposed to chickenpox as
children and are immune. For women who do not know if they had chickenpox as a child, a blood
test can verify if they are immune. If they are not immune, a chickenpox vaccine is now available.
Targeted supplementary feeding programmes (SFPs) for the management of moderately
malnourished under-fives and pregnant and lactating women are being implemented by WFP
through around 40 local and international NGOs. The current caseload is around 70,000
beneficiaries, of whom approximately 80% are under-fives and 20% pregnant and lactating
women. Map 1 shows the current nutrition situation and interventions based on latest reports.
Yes. Local anesthetic with epinepherine can be used during pregnancy.
Lidocaine with epinephrine is considered safe during pregnancy. Lidocaine (2%) is a category B drug in contrast to mepivicaine (3%) which is a category C drug. Lidocaine with epinephrine prolongs the length of anesthesia because the drug is absorbed slowly. There is a theoretical concern about the effect of epinephrine on uterine muscle. No scientific studies, however, could be found to confirm this effect in pregnant women.
Rapid response to emergencies includes the immediate shipment of supplies and equipment to
help meet the minimum requirements in a crisis, such as enabling pregnant women to deliver in
a clean environment. When the situation stabilizes, UNFPA provides support for the full range
of reproductive health services. These services address the life-and-death complications of
pregnancy and delivery, the transmission of sexually transmitted infections including HIV/AIDS,
adolescent health, violence against women, and access to condoms and other contraceptives.