Prescribing drugs

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  • This section will describe the key steps for ensuring that drugs, medical devices and other products that are needed to deliver reproductive health services are available.

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  • Introduction: Bromisovalum (α-bromoisovalerylurea, bromovalerylurea, Brovarin) ( Figure 5.1) has long been being used as a hypnotics or sedative since many years ago. It is not only prescribed as an ethical drug, but also contained in some analgesic- antipyretics and hypnotics being sold as over-the-counter drugs. Because of the easiness of getting it, bromisovalum is one of the most important drugs in poisoning in Japan. The analysis of bromisovalum is being made by GC [1, 2], GC/MS [3], HPLC [4, 5] and LC/MS [6–8].

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  • Most books about drugs fall into one of two categories— they either focus on basic pharmacology, rich with information about pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics, or they address pharmacotherapeutics with an emphasis on conditions and indicated treatments. Th e former provides in-depth information that, unfortunately, is often detached from actual practice, making it diffi cult for a reader to retain and later use.

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  • The abuse of amphetamines is of national concern from a public health perspective. Review of this subject is timely and important, because the problem of amphetamine-like drugs has recently been amplified by the introduction of designer drugs in the illicit market. There has been an increasing number of attempts by chemists in clandestine laboratories to synthesize structurally altered congeners that might intensify the moodaltering property of this class of compounds.

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  • PRESCRIBING, CONSUMPTION AND ECONOMICS Prescribing, consumption and economics The reasons for taking a drug history from patients are: • Drugs are a cause of disease. Withdrawal of drugs, if abrupt, can cause disease, e.g. benzodiazepines, antiepilepsy drugs. • Drugs can conceal disease, e.g. adrenal steroid. • Drugs can interact causing positive adverse effect, or negative adverse effect, i.e. therapeutic failure. • Drugs can give diagnostic clues, e.g. ampicillin and amoxicillin causing rash in infectious mononucleosis — a diagnostic adverse effect, not a diagnostic test.

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  • In any science there are two basic requirements — classification and nomenclature (names): • Classification: drugs cannot be classified and named according to a single rational system because the requirements of chemists, pharmacologists, and doctors differ. • Nomenclature: nor is it practicable always to present each drug under a single name because the formulations in which they are presented as prescribable medicines may vary widely and commercial considerations are too often paramount.

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  • Deliberate and accidental self-poisoning Principles of treatment Poison-specific measures General measures Specific poisonings: cyanide, methanol, ethylene glycol, hydrocarbons, volatile solvents, heavy metals, herbicides and pesticides, biological substances (overdose of medicinal drugs is dealt with under individual agents) Incapacitating agents: drugs used for torture drugs, and psychotropic drugs is increasing. Repeated episodes are not rare.1 Prescribed drugs are used in over 75% of episodes but teenagers tend to favour nonprescribed analgesics available by direct sale, e.g.

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  • The kidneys comprise only 0.5% of body weight, yet they receive 25% of the cardiac output. Drugs that affect renal function have important roles in cardiac failure and hypertension. Disease of the kidney must be taken into account when prescribing drugs that are eliminated by it. Diuretic drugs: their sites and modes of action, classification, adverse effects and uses in cardiac, hepatic, renal and other conditions. Carbonic anhydrase inhibitors. Cation-exchange resins and their uses. Alteration of urine pH Drugs and the kidney. Adverse effects.

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  • Drug therapy has an effect on the management of patients in dentistry. Many drugs produce oro-dental problems; in addition concurrent medication can interact with drugs which the dentist may prescribe. The aim of this dictionary is to draw together the effects of drugs on the teeth, oral and perioral structures and highlight drug interactions which impact on dental treatment. Drugs taken by outpatients which may be encountered in general dental practice and interactions with drugs contained in the Dental Practitioners Formulary have been included.

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  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 127. Treatment and Prophylaxis of Bacterial Infections Treatment and Prophylaxis of Bacterial Infections: Introduction The development of vaccines and drugs that prevent and cure bacterial infections was one of the twentieth century's major contributions to human longevity and quality of life. Antibacterial agents are among the most commonly prescribed drugs of any kind worldwide. Used appropriately, these drugs are lifesaving.

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  • This paper reviews current marketing practices in the pharmaceutical sector, examining both consumer and doctor-oriented promotion. It presents examples of marketing practices and their impact on consumer and doctor behaviour. It identifies negative impacts of these practices which include misleading advertising, disease mongering and escalating costs. It goes on to argue the need for an independently-monitored code of practice for marketers in the pharmaceutical sector and a greater degree of consumer education for both end-users and those prescribing drugs.

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  • This book applies pharmacology to nursing practice, with the overall aim of enhancing patient care. The main focus of the book is adverse drug reactions, and the implications for patient monitoring. Adverse drug reactions account for around 4% of UK hospital admissions. Over 70% of these problems are avoidable (Pirmohamed et al. 2004): the monitoring of prescribed medications has long been a cause for concern (Royal College of General Practitioners 1985, DH 2000, Audit Commission 2001, Committee of Public Accounts 2006).

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài:Computerized clinical decision support systems for drug prescribing and management: A decision-maker-researcher partnership systematic review

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  • Tuyển tập báo cáo các nghiên cứu khoa học quốc tế ngành y học dành cho các bạn tham khảo đề tài: Rational Prescribing in Primary care (RaPP): process evaluation of an intervention to improve prescribing of antihypertensive and cholesterol-lowering drugs

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  • Integration of the patient electronic health record (EHR) with publicly accessible information creates new opportunities and challenges for clinical research and patient care. For example, one challenge is that the complexity of the information provided to the clinician must not impair the clinician’s ability to accurately and rapidly prescribe drugs that are safe and effective for a specific patient, and covered by the patient’s insurance provider.

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  • Another result of FCSRCA has been the development of a model program for certification of embryology laboratories. The CDC published these requirements in 1999. They include requirements for administration of a continuing certification program by the states, quality assurance and control standards, an inspection system, and conditions under which certification can be suspended or revoked. Adoption of such a laboratory certification program is left up to the states.

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  • Although alcohol is a brain sedative and promotes sleep, it actually reduces the amount of quality rapid eye movement (REM) sleep which we need to be fully rested and increases slow wave sleep. Its sedative effect lessens as the night progresses, arousal from sleep and continued wakefulness being likely to occur when the blood alcohol concentration approaches zero. Like other people, the elderly may have recourse to alcohol and prescribed drugs to help them cope with stress, anxiety and depression.

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  • Tuyển tập các báo cáo nghiên cứu về bệnh thú y được đăng trên tạp chí y học General Psychiatry cung cấp cho các bạn kiến thức về ngành thú y đề tài: Antibacterial Drugs Prescribed for Dogs and Cats in Sweden and Norway 1990-1998...

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  • The development of vaccines and drugs that prevent and cure bacterial infections was one of the twentieth century's major contributions to human longevity and quality of life. Antibacterial agents are among the most commonly prescribed drugs of any kind worldwide. Used appropriately, these drugs are lifesaving. However, their indiscriminate use drives up the cost of health care, leads to a plethora of side effects and drug interactions, and fosters the emergence of bacterial resistance, rendering previously valuable drugs useless. ...

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  • Patient safety has become an important theme of the research agenda in the course of the last decade, both throughout Europe and worldwide. Improving patient safety and the quality of healthcare poses many challenges, and information technology (IT) has always been seen as having the potential to support the measures necessary to address these. But the risk of adverse events is unfortunately rising alongside the increasing sophistication and maturity of the health IT systems incorporated into the hospital environment. One major source of such errors is related to medication, i.e.

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