Xem 1-20 trên 55 kết quả Preventing childhood
  • The nation faces a growing epidemic of childhood obesity that threatens the immediate health of our children and youth and their prospects of growing up to be healthy adults. During the past 30 years, obesity in the United States has more than doubled among children aged 2–5 years and adolescents aged 12–19 years, and it has more than tripled among children aged 6–11 years. Currently, more than 9 million children and youth over the age of 6 years are obese.

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  • This symposium summary has been reviewed in draft form by individuals chosen for their diverse perspectives and technical expertise, in accordance with procedures approved by the National Research Council’s Report Review Committee. The purpose of this independent review is to provide candid and critical comments that will assist the institution in making its published summary as sound as possible and to ensure that the report meets institutional standards for objectivity, evidence, and responsiveness to the study charge.

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  • For the 57th Nestlé Pediatric Nutrition Workshop, which took place in May 2005 at Half Moon Bay, San Francisco, the topic ‘Primary Prevention by Nutrition Intervention in Infancy and Childhood’ was chosen. Early nutrition seems to be involved in the mechanism of control, especially taking into account the role of protein and long-chain polyunsaturated fatty acids (LCPUFAs). It seems that the new generation of infant formulas already takes those findings into consideration. We would like to thank the two chairmen, Prof. Hugh Sampson and Prof.

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  • In 2001, energy production in São Paulo, Brazil was highly constrained as a result of both severe drought and government energy tariff policies that favored the development of hydroelectric systems over thermal plants. In order to prevent blackouts, the government imposed quotas aimed at reducing energy consumption by 10-35 percent, based on the added value of particular industries and the number of jobs affected.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Prevention of cardiovascular diseases from current evidence to clinical practice" presents the following contents: Cardiovascular disease in women - An update, risk factors in childhood and youth, genetics of cardiovascular disease, raised blood cholesterol - Preventable risk factor for cardiovascular disease, tobacco and alcohol control - Preventable risk factors,...

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  • IMCI is an integrated approach to child health that focuses on the well-being of the whole child. IMCI aims to reduce death, illness and disability, and to promote improved growth and development among children under five years of age. IMCI includes both preventive and curative elements that are implemented by families and communities as well as by health facilities.

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  • The fifth volume of Birkhäuser Advances in Infectious Diseases is focused on pediatric infectious diseases. In modern medicine, the discipline pediatric infectious diseases is an important medical specialty. The successful prevention of childhood diseases like diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis has made a major contribution to the improvement of public health. Understanding the biology of causative agents and the pathogenesis is an essential step in achieving control and elimination of disease. Today pediatric infectious diseases research is closely interconnected with other disciplines....

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  • The first edition of Blood Transfusion in Clinical Medicine was published in 1951, at a time when the subject was, if not in its infancy, certainly in its very early childhood. Transfusions were given for the treatment of acute blood loss or for the relief of chronic anaemia. Platelet and leucocyte transfusions were not attempted and plasma fractions were not available.

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  • For many years, the number one cause of death in the United States has been heart disease, which kills more than 650,000 people per year. In addition, almost 25 million people were living with a diagnosis of heart disease in 2004, according to the National Center for Health Statistics. The American Medical Association wants people to know and understand that aside from some inherited or congenital conditions, heart disease is largely preventable.

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  • Ischemic heart disease continues to be the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in both developed and developing countries, and remains one of the most important public health problems. The continuous rise in the prevalence of disorders such as obesity, diabetes, dyslipidemia and hypertension is driving the ever-increasing number of incidences of ischemic heart disease.

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  • Nutrition is an important lifestyle factor that contributes to our general feeling well. Recently, it has even further suggested, based on a number of epidemiological studies, that our diet is also associated with the risk of developing a number of chronic diseases, such as diabetes type II, cardiovascular diseases, osteoporosis, many types of cancer, just to name few. Thus, a balanced nutrition is firmly interwoven with many aspects of our long-term health, including the prevention of diseases, albeit this is typically rather associated with the medicinal areas.

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  • The current nutritional and health profiles of the Mexican population reflect notable failures in the field of social policies. Protein-energy malnutrition and infectious diseases are still relevant public health matters among poor rural and urban populations, and they remain common causes of death during infancy and childhood, and even later in life.

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  • Experts agree that attempts to prevent childhood obesity and its health consequences, such as type 2 diabetes, must shift the focus from treating overweight children to addressing health disparities among children of varying socio-economic status. and mitigating the social and environmental factors that contribute to the declining health of children overall. The nation’s health care costs for treating diabetes are $92 billion.

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  • Minimizing the frequency and consequences of iatrogenic infections depends on improving the quality and accessibility of good medical services. Unlike STIs, which rely primarily on behavior change for their prevention, avoiding iatrogenic infections centers on maximizing access to good quality care, and in particular the technical competence of health care providers. It also requires resources and supportive public policy measures and encouragement of prompt health care seeking behavior by individuals.

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  • The literature has pointed out to the relationship between obesity in youth and premature death due to endogenous causes of cardiac/metabolic origin. It is therefore fundamental to know how and when the risk factors for CMD begin to affect vascular function and structure, and particularly, how to detect them early in order to enable the development of truly primary preventive strategies.

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  • Congress has recognized the importance of respiratory health and has em- barked on programs to make a difference. From 1998–2003, Congress doubled the budget of the National Institutes of Health. We have strengthened the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, granted the Food and Drug Administration the ability to regulate tobacco, improved pollution control through the Environmental Protection Agency, and funded tuberculosis programs throughout the world because we realize that in order to control tuberculosis at home, we need to control it worldwide.

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  • Mental health in scarce-resource settings has received considerable attention in the new millennium, in response to the growing evidence on the burden of mental disorders and their cost-effective treatments. The World Health Organization’s (WHO) World Health Report 2001, and The Lancet series on Global Mental Health in 2007, are two major initiatives that synthesised the evidence from these settings.

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  • Ranging from mild annoyances during vacations to devastating dehydrating illnesses that can kill within hours, acute gastrointestinal illnesses rank second only to acute upper respiratory illnesses as the most common diseases worldwide. In children 50% of childhood deaths are directly attributable to acute diarrheal illnesses.

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  • Given the relationship between exposure and disease, removing these pests and their allergens is a logical tactic for preventing disease and reducing symptoms, but current methods need improved efficacy. Results from studies on avoiding allergens suggest cau- tious expectations about the ease with which long-term clinically relevant allergen reduc- tion can be accomplished. Also, public health practitioners should be aware that focusing on one aspect of asthma control will not necessarily result in an improvement in the pre- valence of asthma at the community level.

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  • Mortality rates among children and the absolute number of children dying annually in developing countries have declined considerably over the past few decades. However, the gains made have not been distributed evenly: childhood mortality remains higher among poorer people and the gap between rich and poor has grown. Several poor countries, and some poorer regions within countries, have experienced a levelling off of or even an increase in childhood mortality over the past few years.

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