Preventing infections

Xem 1-20 trên 397 kết quả Preventing infections
  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Preventing hospital infections - Real-world problems, realistic solutions" presents the following contents: The importance of leadership and followership, common problems, realistic solutions, toward sustainability, the collaborative approach to preventing infection, the collaborative approach to preventing infection,...

    pdf108p thangnamvoiva4 01-07-2016 3 1   Download

  • Middle-Period Infections T. gondii (Chap. 207) residing in the heart of a seropositive donor may be transmitted to a seronegative recipient. Thus serologic screening for T. gondii infection is important before and in the months after cardiac transplantation. Rarely, active disease can be introduced at the time of transplantation. The overall incidence of toxoplasmosis is so high in the setting of heart transplantation that some prophylaxis is always warranted.

    pdf5p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 36 2   Download

  • (BQ) Part 2 book "The immune system" presents the following contents: Preventing infection at mucosal surfaces, immunological memory and vaccination, coevolution of innate and adaptive immunity, failures of the body’s defenses, transplantation of tissues and organs, disruption of healthy tissue by the adaptive immune response, cancer and its interactions with the immune system.

    pdf336p thangnamvoiva3 28-06-2016 10 1   Download

  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 82. Infections in Patients with Cancer Infections in Patients with Cancer: Introduction Infections are a common cause of death and an even more common cause of morbidity in patients with a wide variety of neoplasms. Autopsy studies show that most deaths from acute leukemia and half of deaths from lymphoma are caused directly by infection. With more intensive chemotherapy, patients with solid tumors have also become more likely to die of infection.

    pdf6p konheokonmummim 03-12-2010 56 7   Download

  • Candida species are opportunistic fungal pathogens which cause severe infections in immunocompromised patients. Due to the profound developments in medical care, the number of immunocompromised patients has increased, and so has the number of life-threatening Candida infections1. At present, Candida is the 4th most common bloodstream pathogen in North America and ranks 8th in Europe13,19.

    pdf145p crazy_sms 07-05-2012 44 7   Download

  • Recently, new improvement occurred in the diagnosis and treatment of the disease. The aim of this disease is to re-review pulmonary embolism in the light of new developments. In this book, in addition to risk factors causing pulmonary embolus, a guide for systematic approaches to lead the risk stratification for decision making is also presented.

    pdf136p wqwqwqwqwq 21-07-2012 48 7   Download

  • Harrison's Internal Medicine Chapter 127. Treatment and Prophylaxis of Bacterial Infections Treatment and Prophylaxis of Bacterial Infections: Introduction The development of vaccines and drugs that prevent and cure bacterial infections was one of the twentieth century's major contributions to human longevity and quality of life. Antibacterial agents are among the most commonly prescribed drugs of any kind worldwide. Used appropriately, these drugs are lifesaving.

    pdf13p colgate_colgate 21-12-2010 44 6   Download

  • Intravascular catheters are an integral part of the daily practice of medicine in the intensive care unit. As such, management of these catheters poses significant challenges to the practitioner. Vascular access is necessary in the intensive care setting, yet the devices themselves put patients at significant risk for infection. As hospital infection rates are increasingly used as a surrogate marker for measuring patient safety and quality healthcare, preventing catheter-related infection takes on added import...

    pdf187p crazy_sms 07-05-2012 34 6   Download

  • Cervical cancer is the second most prevalent cancer among women worldwide, and infection with Human Papilloma Virus (HPV) has been identified as the causal agent for this condition. The natural history of cervical cancer is characterized by slow disease progression, rendering the condition in essence preventable and even treatable when diagnosed in early stages.

    pdf334p bunmang_1 03-05-2013 34 6   Download

  • Control measures for pneumonia (Table 125-2) are aimed at the remediation of risk factors in general patient care (e.g., minimizing aspirationprone supine positioning) and at meticulous aseptic care of respirator equipment (e.g., disinfecting or sterilizing all inline reusable components such as nebulizers, replacing tubing circuits at intervals of 48 h—rather than more frequently—to lessen the number of breaks in the system, and teaching aseptic technique for suctioning).

    pdf5p chubebandiem 14-12-2010 45 5   Download

  • Diphtheria is a nasopharyngeal and skin infection caused by Corynebacterium diphtheriae. Toxigenic strains of C. diphtheriae produce a protein toxin that causes systemic toxicity, myocarditis, and polyneuropathy. The toxin is associated with the formation of pseudomembranes in the pharynx during respiratory diphtheria. While toxigenic strains most frequently cause pharyngeal diphtheria, nontoxigenic strains commonly cause cutaneous disease.

    pdf14p ozon_ozon 26-04-2012 36 5   Download

  • Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is the cause of heterophile-positive infectious mononucleosis (IM), which is characterized by fever, sore throat, lymphadenopathy, and atypical lymphocytosis. EBV is also associated with several human tumors, including nasopharyngeal carcinoma, Burkitt's lymphoma, Hodgkin's disease, and (in patients with immunodeficiencies) B cell lymphoma. The virus, a member of the family Herpesviridae, consists of a linear DNA core surrounded by a nucleocapsid and an envelope that contains glycoproteins.

    pdf11p crazy_sms 09-05-2012 38 5   Download

  • Clinical Manifestations Respiratory Diphtheria The clinical diagnosis of diphtheria is based on the constellation of sore throat; adherent tonsillar, pharyngeal, or nasal pseudomembranous lesions; and low-grade fever. In addition, diagnosis requires the isolation of C. diphtheriae or the histopathologic isolation of compatible gram-positive organisms.

    pdf5p colgate_colgate 21-12-2010 37 4   Download

  • The costs of hospital-acquired (nosocomial) and other health care– associated infections are great. It is estimated that these infections affect 2 million patients, cost $4.5 billion, and contribute to 88,000 deaths in U.S. hospitals annually. Efforts to lower infection risks have been challenged by the growing numbers of immunocompromised patients, antibiotic-resistant bacteria, fungal and viral superinfections, and invasive devices and procedures.

    pdf20p ozon_ozon 26-04-2012 38 4   Download

  • Listeria monocytogenes is a food-borne pathogen that can cause serious infections, particularly in pregnant women and immunocompromised individuals. A ubiquitous saprophytic environmental bacterium, L. monocytogenes is also a pathogen with a broad host range. Humans are probably accidental hosts for this microorganism. L. monocytogenes is of interest not only to clinicians but also to basic scientists as a model intracellular pathogen that is used to study basic mechanisms of microbial pathogenesis and host immunity. ...

    pdf7p ozon_ozon 26-04-2012 29 4   Download

  • A similar problem can affect patients whose lymph node integrity has been disrupted by radical surgery, particularly patients who have had radical node dissections. A common clinical problem following radical mastectomy is the development of cellulitis (usually caused by streptococci or staphylococci) because of lymphedema and/or inadequate lymph drainage. In most cases, this problem can be addressed by local measures designed to prevent fluid accumulation and breaks in the skin, but antibiotic prophylaxis has been necessary in refractory cases.

    pdf6p konheokonmummim 03-12-2010 36 3   Download

  • Antibiotic prophylaxis, if 100% effective, likely prevents only a small number of cases of endocarditis; nevertheless, it is possible that rare cases are prevented. Weighing the potential benefits, potential adverse events, and costs associated with antibiotic prophylaxis, the expert committee of the American Heart Association has dramatically restricted the recommendations for antibiotic prophylaxis. Prophylactic antibiotics (Table 118-7) are advised only for those patients at highest risk for severe morbidity or death from endocarditis (Table 1188).

    pdf7p thanhongan 07-12-2010 35 3   Download

  • Prevention Vaccination (See also Chap. 116) The development of conjugate vaccines that prevent invasive infections with Hib in infants and children has been a dramatic success. Three such vaccines are licensed in the United States. In addition to eliciting protective antibody, these vaccines prevent disease by reducing rates of pharyngeal colonization with Hib. The widespread use of conjugate vaccines has dramatically reduced the incidence of Hib disease in developed countries. Even though the manufacture of Hib vaccines is costly, vaccination is cost-effective.

    pdf5p colgate_colgate 21-12-2010 34 3   Download

  • Intraperitoneal infections generally arise because a normal anatomic barrier is disrupted. This disruption may occur when the appendix, a diverticulum, or an ulcer ruptures; when the bowel wall is weakened by ischemia, tumor, or inflammation (e.g., in inflammatory bowel disease); or with adjacent inflammatory processes, such as pancreatitis or pelvic inflammatory disease, in which enzymes (in the former case) or organisms (in the latter) may leak into the peritoneal cavity.

    pdf16p ozon_ozon 26-04-2012 35 3   Download

  • The evaluation of infections in transplant recipients involves consideration of both the donor and the recipient of the transplanted organ. Infections following transplantation are complicated by the use of drugs that are necessary to enhance the likelihood of survival of the transplanted organ but that also cause the host to be immunocompromised. Thus, what might have been a latent or asymptomatic infection in an immunocompetent donor or in the recipient prior to therapy can become a life-threatening problem when the recipient becomes immunosuppressed.

    pdf27p ozon_ozon 26-04-2012 24 3   Download


Đồng bộ tài khoản