Xem 1-20 trên 634 kết quả Preventing morbidity
  • Critical Care Obstetrics Preventing Maternal Morbidity & Mortality An Educational Program from the Safe Motherhood Initiative .US Maternal Mortality Today On the rise? .A Regional Look at Maternal Mortality Ratios* for the Year 2004 20.5 in all of NYS 15.9 in NYS 24.4 in NYC *per 100,000 live births HP2010 Goal 4.3 .

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  • Chapter 004. Screening and Prevention of Disease Examples include tests that are biochemical (e.g., cholesterol, glucose), physiologic (e.g., blood pressure, growth curves), radiologic (e.g., mammogram, bone densitometry), or tissue specimens (e.g., Pap smear, fine-needle aspirations). In the future, it is anticipated that genetic testing will play an increasingly important role for predicting disease risk (Chap. 64). However, such tests are not widely used except for individuals at risk for high-penetrance genes based on family or ethnic history (e.g., BRCA1, BRCA2).

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  • The Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ) is pleased to present The Guide to Clinical Preventive Services 2008, the annually updated pocket guide that puts evidence-based, “gold-standard” recommendations from the U.S. Preventive Services Task Force (USPSTF) at your fingertips. The 2008 Guide offers recommendations on 65 clinical preventive services made by the Task Force from 2001 to March 2008.

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  • Improved understanding of carcinogenesis has allowed cancer prevention and early detection (also known as cancer control) to expand beyond the identification and avoidance of carcinogens. Specific interventions to prevent cancer in those at risk, and more sensitive and specific screening for early detection of cancer are the goals. Carcinogenesis is not simply an event but a process, a continuum of discrete cellular changes over time resulting in more autonomous cellular processes.

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  • Surgical Atlas of Pediatric Otolaryngology is a unique and comprehensive reference for clinicians who care for infants and children with disorders of the ears, nose, throat, head, neck, and related structures. Over 200 procedures are described in 650 figures in 900 parts, with step-by-step instructions for patient preparation, surgical techniques, postoperative care, and prevention of complications.

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  • Micro-organisms are mostly harmless, non-pathogenic, and indeed may be beneficial. It is estimated that a human body has about 10" cells, but only 10% of these are human in origin; the rest is almost entirely microbial flora. Medical microbiology is the study of microscopic organisms and their effect on man. It encompasses their biology, diagnosis, treatment and prevention.

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  • This book is intended to present current concepts in molecular biology with the emphasis on the application to animal, plant and human pathology, in various aspects such as etiology, diagnosis, prognosis, treatment and prevention of diseases as well as the use of these methodologies in understanding the pathophysiology of various diseases that affect living beings.

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  • We appear to be on the threshold of witnessing a substantial reduction in the longterm complications of diabetes. Modern treatment regimens, better monitoring of control and the huge impact of improved education all combine to offer the prospect of real progress towards prevention of complications and lessening of progression in those in whom complications may be present. The Diabetes Control and Complications Trial (DCCT) has provided eveidence that such can be achieved, while the St Vincent Declaration initiative has set the standards to enable these benefits to become reality....

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  • The prevalence of diabetes mellitus is growing at epidemic proportions in the United States and worldwide (1). Most alarming is the steady increase in type 2 diabetes, especially among young and obese persons. An estimated 7% of Americans are afflicted with diabetes, and with the longevity of this population increasing, the prevalence of diabetesrelated complications will continue to rise. Foot disorders are a major source of morbidity and a leading cause of hospitalization for persons with diabetes.

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  • Pharmacologically induced sedation has become pervasive throughout medical practice to accomplish diagnostic and minor therapeutic procedures effectively and humanely. As diagnostic techniques and technical procedures become more complex, the need for sedation in patients with varied co-morbid conditions, in diverse settings produces a series of questions regarding safety and effectiveness.

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  • Current Practice Guidelines in Primary Care, 2008 is intended for primary care clinicians, including not only residents and practicing physicians in the specialties of family medicine, internal medicine, pediatrics, and obstetrics and gynecology, but also medical and nursing students during their ambulatory care rotations, registered nurses, nurse practitioners, and physician assistants. Its purpose is to make screening, prevention, and management recommendations readily accessible and available for clinical decision making.

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  • The scourge of suicidal behavior touches many lives and knows few boundaries. About 30,000 people are known to take their own lives in the United States each year. In addition, many of those deaths recorded as accidental or undetermined by coroners and medical examiners may have been motivated by suicidal intent. Suicide is the eighth leading cause of death in this country and, among young people 15 to 19 years of age, suicide is exceeded in frequency as a cause of death only by accidental deaths....

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  • The fifth volume of Birkhäuser Advances in Infectious Diseases is focused on pediatric infectious diseases. In modern medicine, the discipline pediatric infectious diseases is an important medical specialty. The successful prevention of childhood diseases like diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis has made a major contribution to the improvement of public health. Understanding the biology of causative agents and the pathogenesis is an essential step in achieving control and elimination of disease. Today pediatric infectious diseases research is closely interconnected with other disciplines....

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  • When interviewing a patient to obtain her history, the consultation should ideally be held in a closed room with no one else present. Enough time should be allowed for the patient to express herself, and the doctor's manner should be one of interest and understanding. It is important that a template is used for history taking, as this prevents the omission of important points. A sample template is given on page 2.

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  • Heart failure is the end stage of all diseases of the heart and is a major cause of morbidity and mortality. It is estimated to account for about 5% of admissions to hospital medical wards, with over 100 000 annual admissions in the United Kingdom. The overall prevalence of heart failure is 3 20 per 1000 population, although this exceeds 100 per 1000 in those aged 65 years and over. The annual incidence of heart failure is 1 5 per 1000, and the relative incidence doubles for each decade of life after the age of 45 years.

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  • In 1974, John Ranson published his seminal paper on the stratification of severity of clinical acute pancreatitis. Using statistical manipulation of 43 clinical and laboratory variables obtained from a consecutive series of 100 patients with acute pancreatitis, he was able to identify 11 “prognostic signs” that proved to be significantly associated with clinical severity, as measured by the development of morbidity or mortality.

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  • The oesophagus is a muscular tube connecting the pharynx to the stomach and measuring 25–30 cm in the adult. Its primary function is as a conduit for the passage of swallowed food and fluid, which it propels by antegrade peristaltic contraction. It also serves to prevent the reflux of gastric contents whilst allowing regurgitation, vomiting and belching to take place. It is aided in these functions by the upper and lower oesophageal sphincters sited at its proximal and distal ends.

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  • The incidence of cardiovascular disease has decreased in the last several years with a better understanding of the pathophysiology of acute coronary syndromes (ACS), widespread implementation of lipid lowering drugs, improved surgical treatments such as stent placements, and new therapeutic regimens such as the statins, low molecular weight heparins, and platelet glycoprotein IIb/IIIa receptor inhibitors. Nevertheless, it remains today as the leading cause of morbidity and mortality in the Western world....

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  • Trauma transcends all national boundaries. Many less affluent countries have a significant proportion of road and industrial trauma in a generally young population. Morbidity and mortality associated with such trauma can be reduced by early and effective medical intervention. This Primary Trauma Care course is intended to provide basic knowledge and skills necessary to identify and treat those traumatised patients who require rapid assessment, resuscitation and stabilisation of their injuries.

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  • Intravascular catheters are an integral part of the daily practice of medicine in the intensive care unit. As such, management of these catheters poses significant challenges to the practitioner. Vascular access is necessary in the intensive care setting, yet the devices themselves put patients at significant risk for infection. As hospital infection rates are increasingly used as a surrogate marker for measuring patient safety and quality healthcare, preventing catheter-related infection takes on added import...

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