Several species of flies are found commonly in houses. Some of them so closely resemble the true house fly
that it requires very careful observation to distinguish them from it.
One of these is the biting stable fly (fig. 1). It occurs frequently in houses and differs from the house fly in
the important particular that its mouth parts are formed for piercing the skin. This fly is so often mistaken for
the house fly that most people think that the house fly can bite.
A site for silvicultural trials were selected at the same station trials ha of Forest Science Institute of Vietnam (FSIV) FSIV, located in Quang Tri Province. The site meets the criteria for a study of long-term sustainability, especially in terms of land use rights are managed by FSIV, and may be protected from changes in land use. It is relatively uniform and has been fenced to prevent browsing and impact from breeding.
Small farmers in central Vietnam mainly Mong Cai breed, small pigs, and
SocHighland, be adapted to local conditions, but performance and economic efficiency.
Genetic improvement of local varieties by introducing the high performance of Mong Cai for breeding pure lines and exotic breeding program will lead to significant benefits for small farmers if it could be related with a
Small farmers in central Vietnam mainly Mong Cai breed, Mini
pigs, and SocHighland, be adapted to local conditions which have limited performance and
economic efficiency. Genetic improvement of local varieties by the introduction of high performance
Mong Cai breed pure lines and exotic breeding program will lead to significant benefits
for small farmers if it could be linked to a birth plan-to-finish integrated management
(focusing on health, breeding, housing and nutrition) to improve manufacturing parameters and limits
Diseases, prevention and control
Local breeds are often resistant to diseases. The main problem with keeping any sort of pig in free-range or semi-intensive systems is not disease but disabling infestation by worms or other parasites. It is in intensive pig keeping systems that disease is a greater risk
Ruminant Animals is a first semester course. It is a year one credit unit diploma
course available to all students offering Post Graduate Diploma in Agricultural
Extension and Management. It may also be taken by students who wish to know
more about Agricultural Extension and Management.
The course will consist of sixteen units which consists of Course Guide.
To deal with the myriad of problems, some of the Plan
(i) promoting production of superior breed bulls at
subsidized private farms from where the government would procure these
animals at controlled prices for distribution to villages, (ii) emphasis on
preventing disease among animals through vaccination and inoculation, with
legislation for compulsory mass inoculation to be put in place if there was a
‘lack of willing cooperation’ from farmers, (iii) removal of livestock from
within cities to outskirts, particularly removing gujar colonies from...
Physical activity in childhood is important for many reasons and a variety of sources indicate
a direct relationship between physical activity and children’s health (Hope and others 2007). In
early childhood physical exercise helps build strong bones, muscle strength and lung capacity
(Lindon 2007). It may also increase cognitive function, improve academic achievement and
accelerate neurocognitive processing. In addition, it appears that active children are also
less likely to smoke, to abuse alcohol or take illegal drugs as they grow up (BHF 2009).
These heavier birds have more muscle. They grow fast and can quic-
kly reach a high slaughter weight. This requires plenty of high quality
feed. It requires special skills to keep this in good supply and balance.
Hybrids or cross-breeds result from combining special lines or strains
of chickens developed for this purpose with e.g. a local breed. The
hybrids are more productive. In countries in the South, cross-breeding
between pure breeds is also common, e.g. White Leghorn crossed with
Rhode Island Red. Nowadays hybrid breeds have become very com-
The Weidmoos also gained in significance for many other
bird species, thanks to the LIFE project. For example,
many types of duck now breed at the Weidmoos. Species
such as the Little Grebe and the Water Rail are now typical
of the Weidmoos. Even rare reed-dwellers, such as the
Great Reed Warbler found a new habitat at the Weidmoos.
The essential basis of this success story is the close
collaboration and trust shown by the Nature Protection
Department, the Association Torferneuerungsverein, the
local councils, landowners, farmers and hunters.
An additional element in the prevention of introduction and spread of disease is the use of
vaccination. The manual does not cover this aspect but the importance of an appropriate
vaccination strategy is acknowledged, and vaccination as a possible risk management measure
should form part of the overall biosecurity assessment and strategy.
The purpose of the manual is to establish a minimum set of biosecurity guidelines, applicable to
all poultry producers (including ratites) from hatcheries to the point of delivery at the processor.