Xem 1-20 trên 251 kết quả Prevention approaches
  • Intimate partner and sexual violence affect a large proportion of the population – with the majority of those directly experiencing such violence being women and the majority perpetrating it being men. The harm they cause can last a lifetime and span generations, with serious adverse affects on health, education and employment.

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  • This book has its roots in our perceived need for a concise text to assist the practitioner in prioritizing likely diagnoses when encountering a patient complaining of neurological problems or defi cits. Though many references exist on neurological disease and differential diagnoses, few offer easily referable likely diagnoses based on common complaints and presentation. When one approaches differential diagnosis in neurology, there is frequently a feeling of overwhelming information.

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  • The long-term approach to achieving protection is “ecological separation.” A true ecological separation is defined as no inter-basin transfer of aquatic organisms via the Chicago Waterway System at any time – 100% effectiveness. Ecological separation prohibits the movement or interbasin transfer of aquatic organisms between the Mississippi and Great Lakes basins via the CWS. Once established, the impacts of invasive species on ecosystem health are permanent and irreversible.

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  • As the global epidemic of diabetes continues to expand, the prevalence of type 2 diabetes is predicted to double in the next 20 years. Continued population growth, increasing age, and worldwide globalization leading to changes in diet and patterns of physical inactivity have resulted in staggering numbers of individuals affected by the disease. A haphazard approach to treatment for a problem of this magnitude could easily overburden the healthcare system, particularly in areas of the world with limited resources.

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  • Trachoma has an impact on the entire family, but the mother’s blinding trachoma appears to have the greatest impact on the daughter. The girl-child may have to take on household responsibilities to the detriment of her education when the mother is blind. A daughter’s dowry may be undervalued if it is perceived that her disabled family members will need care in the coming years. The balance of the household may be upset in numerous ways, potentially leading to eventual impoverishment. Changes in work routine reverberate within the family by causing further displacement.

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  • The evolution of trauma care in developed countries around the world has created new and exciting roles for all the personnel involved in the resuscitation and recovery of critically injured patients. The stress on strict roles for the nurse, doctor, paramedic and ancillary staff is now being replaced by a greater emphasis on the ‘team approach’. This acknowledges the interactive nature of the procedures undertaken by the trauma team and the need for close cooperation at all stages of the resuscitation.

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  • The mortality from ischemic heart disease has decreased in recent years. The better under‐ standing of risk factors associated with development of coronary artery disease (CAD) has significantly contributed to this decline. Preventive measures such as aggressive therapy of arterial hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and lipid disorders and by campaigning against the smoking are important components of this medical success.

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  • We were able to obtain satisfactory postoperative PSA levels by RTUR-PCa comparable with open radical prostatectomy. But we recently started to think that, after a considerable number of the procedures, minimal residual prostate tissue at the part where cancer was not detected by biopsy might not necessarily prevent the radicality of the disease in carefully selected patients. We performed prostate biopsy to get information about the localization of cancer. The results of cancer localization from operative specimens were consistent with those from biopsy specimens in 46.7%....

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  • Coincidentally, in the case of the aforementioned regulations a STAG (STeam And Gas) cycle qualification is/was to provide about 6% of its steam generation to process. At this operating condition, the overall performance approaches that of a conventional STAG power generation cycle. Later in this paper, tables are provided that define GE’s gas turbine and gas engine product characteristics, which in turn illustrate the wide application range and flexibility of these products to support cogeneration applications.

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  • The book opens with a section on recent advances in analytical methods. Dr. Kang Bongsu contributed a chapter that presents an alternative technique for the free and forced vibration analysis of one-dimensional distributed parameter systems. This approach is based on the idea of superimposing the amplitudes of the constituent travelling waves, rather than the traditional approach of normal mode expansion that relies on the apriori calculation of eigensolutions or assumed normal modes.

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  • Given the range of content available to internet users at effectively zero cost compared with those available to purchase through established social networks, a rational, economic decision would be primarily to use the internet to obtain counterfeit digital goods. However, our data shows this is not the case, suggesting that purely economic approaches to the purchase of counterfeit goods have limited value in explaining consumption patterns. Further, accessing illegal content via the internet offers an element of anonymity to users.

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  • This book provides a bridge for today’s environmental manager by focusing on an integrated approach to managing air pollution problems within industrial operations. There are eight chapters.

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  • Sepsis with Skin Manifestations (See also Chap. 18) Maculopapular rashes may reflect early meningococcal or rickettsial disease but are usually associated with nonemergent infections. Exanthems are usually viral. Primary HIV infection commonly presents with a rash that is typically maculopapular and involves the upper part of the body but can spread to the palms and soles. The patient is usually febrile and can have lymphadenopathy, severe headache, dysphagia, diarrhea, myalgias, and arthralgias.

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  • STD care and management begin with risk assessment and proceed to clinical assessment, diagnostic testing or screening, treatment, and prevention. Indeed, the routine care of any patient begins with risk assessment (e.g., for risk of heart disease, cancer). STD/HIV risk assessment is important in primary care, urgent care, and emergency care settings as well as in specialty clinics providing adolescent, prenatal, and family planning services.

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  • The physician treating the acutely ill febrile patient must be able to recognize infections that require emergent attention. If such infections are not adequately evaluated and treated at initial presentation, the opportunity to alter an adverse outcome may be lost. In this chapter, the clinical presentations of and approach to patients with relatively common infectious disease emergencies are discussed. These infectious processes and their treatments are discussed in detail in other chapters. ...

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  • A harm minimisation approach does not condone harmful or illegal drug use. The most effective way to minimise harm from drugs is not to use them. The harm minimisation approach does recognise that where eliminating high-risk behaviours is not possible, it remains important to minimise the personal, social and economic costs associated with those behaviours. Harm minimisation encompasses a wide range of approaches, including abstinence-oriented strategies and initiatives for people who use drugs.

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  • Preventing e. coli in food aim prevention and control require a multidisciplinary approach in animal and plant production as well as risk-based approaches along the entire food supply chain. These include the application of Good Agricultural Practices (GAP), Good Manufacturing Practices (GMP), Good Hygiene Practices (GHP) and Hazard Analysis Critical Control Point (HACCP) from the farm to the consumer.

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  • CEPH accredits about 75 public health programs in a variety of kinds of institutions, e.g., MPH programs in medical schools. Some programs are not CEPH-accredited. Estimates gathered from 2007 (Association for Prevention Teaching and Research; unpublished survey) indicate that less than 1,300 graduates/year come from CEPH-accredited programs. 15 The number of graduates from unaccredited schools and programs is unknown. Several large, for-profit, online universities also offer public health pro- grams and degrees.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Pocket protocols for ultrasound" presents the following contents: Preventive cardiology, coronary artery disease, heart failure, valvular and vascular disease. Invite you to consult.

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  • (BQ) Part 1 book "Left atrial appendage closure - Mechanical approaches to stroke prevention in atrial fibrillation" presents the following contents: Atrial fibrillation and stroke epidemiology, efficacy and limitations of warfarin and novel oral anticoagulants with atrial fibrillation, mechanistic rationale for LAA closure with af and stroke prevention.

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