Prevention of kidney disease

Xem 1-19 trên 19 kết quả Prevention of kidney disease
  • The Royal College of Physicians plays a leading role in the delivery of high-quality patient care by setting standards of medical practice and promoting clinical excellence. We provide physicians in the United Kingdom and overseas with education, training and support throughout their careers. As an independent body representing over 20,000 Fellows and Members worldwide, we advise and work with government, the public, patients and other professions to improve health and healthcare.

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  • Description: Identifies drug products approved on the basis of safety and effectiveness by the Food and Drug Administration under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act.

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  • The publication Approved Drug Products with Therapeutic Equivalence Evaluations (the List, commonly known as the Orange Book) identifies drug products approved on the basis of safety and effectiveness by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) under the Federal Food, Drug, and Cosmetic Act (the Act). (For more information, see the Orange Book Preface.)

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  • The most important treatment of acute rheumatic fever is prevention, associated with improvements in socioeconomic conditions. Once acute rheumatic fever has occurred, treatment includes penicillin to eradicate the streptococcal infection, high dose aspirin as an anti-inflammatory drug, or steroids if the cardiac disease is severe. Heart failure is treated with diuretics, and urgent heart valve replacement may occasionally be required.

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  • CKD in children is the result of heterogeneous  diseases  of  the  kidney  and  urinary  tract  that  range from common congenital malformations  of  the  urinary  tract,  to  rare  inborn  errors  of  metabolism that affect kidney  function[1] . CKD  is  an  irreversible  condition  that  eventually  progresses  to end stage renal disease  (ESRD).  It is an important cause of morbidity and  mortality in children worldwide [2,3] .

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  • The WHO European Region has almost five million nurses; they constitute the largest health care provider* group. Their actual and potential contribution to the management* of chronic disease* is un- der-acknowledged and under-used. Many other types of health care provider* are similarly under-acknowledged and under-used. Access by all to recognized programmes of therapeutic patient education* and disease-specific management* in a multidisciplinary and monodisci- plinary system should make a significant contribution to the manage- ment* of chronic diseases*. ...

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  • Greenway has also structured its offerings to physician practices into multi-year business plans mirroring President Bush’s and former Secretary Thompson’s own Framework for Strategic Action to ensure that healthcare providers will have quality software solutions that inform clinical practices, interconnect clinicians, personalize patient care and improve the overall population health.

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  • In the spring of 2010, the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) and several partners embarked on an intensive process to examine the current state of knowledge regarding chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) prevention. he process included identifying public health gaps and generating a set of goals that would deine the unique role and contributions of public health in the prevention and control of COPD. his workgroup represented other federal agencies, academia, the health care sector, national organizations, and other COPD stakeholders.

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  • I have been involved in the treatment of chronic renal insuffi ciency for 40 years, beginning with peritoneal dialysis immediately after graduation from medical school in 1965, then with hemodialysis in 1967 after I fi rst experienced it in Kanazawa, and with renal transplantation since 1972, when I was studying in the United States. During this period, the number of dialysis patients has continued to increase rapidly to the present fi gure of 257 765 (at the end of 2005), and with surprising increases in the survival rate.

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  • There has been a case report of exaggerated pigmented granulomatous reaction to the artificial joint implant in a 72-year-old man who had undergone bilateral total hip arthroplasty, in whom, aspirate from the inguinal region was misinterpreted as metastatic melanoma from an unknown primary. Microscopically, the smears of this patient showed both intracellular and extracellular black pigment with obscured cytomorphology; although, appreciable cells were reported to be pleomorphic with prominent nucleoli. The patient had no evidence of primary cutaneous melanoma.

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  • The official definition of poverty for the U.S. population uses money income before taxes and does not include capital gains or noncash benefits (such as public housing, Medicaid, and SNAP). The definition is based roughly on historical estimates of the portion of an average household’s income required to purchase a “minimally nutritious diet” (about 30% in the early 1960s).

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  • The Cancer Centers Program also recognizes that many high quality, cancer-relevant research projects are funded by other organizations such as the Department of Energy (DOE), Department of Defense (DOD), Department of Agriculture (DOA), the Center for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), State Health Departments etc.

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  • Nitrate, the most common form of nitrogen in surface and groundwater, is directly toxic to human health. In- fants who drink water with high nitrate levels can develop an acute, life-threatening blood disorder called blue baby syndrome. high nitrate levels in water can also affect thyroid function in adults and increase the risk of thyroid cancer. Phosphorus stimulates explosive blooms of aquatic algae, including the especially dangerous cyanobacteria (blue-green algae) that produce toxins that can be deadly to pets, livestock, wildlife – and people.

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  • Chapter 045. Azotemia and Urinary Abnormalities Normal kidney functions occur through numerous cellular processes to maintain body homeostasis. Disturbances in any of these functions can lead to a constellation of abnormalities that may be detrimental to survival. The clinical manifestations of these disorders will depend upon the pathophysiology of the renal injury and will often be initially identified as a complex of symptoms, abnormal physical findings, and laboratory changes that together make possible the identification of specific syndromes.

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  • There will be cases where chemical interferences can be identified for a particular method but the chances of encountering them in real life may be improbable. The analyst has to decide at what point it is reasonable to stop looking for interferences. These parameters apply to both qualitative and quantitative analysis. The selectivity of a method is usually investigated by studying its ability to measure the analyte of interest in test portions to which specific interferences have been deliberately introduced (those thought likely to be present in samples).

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  • Mortality rates among children and the absolute number of children dying annually in developing countries have declined considerably over the past few decades. However, the gains made have not been distributed evenly: childhood mortality remains higher among poorer people and the gap between rich and poor has grown. Several poor countries, and some poorer regions within countries, have experienced a levelling off of or even an increase in childhood mortality over the past few years.

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  • Health care providers* tend to talk to patients about their disease rather than train them in the daily management* of their condition. Therapeutic patient education* is designed therefore to train patients in the skills* of self-managing or adapting treatment to their particular chronic disease*, and in coping* processes and skills*. It should also contribute to reducing the cost* of long-term care to patients and to society.

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  • Patients with kidney disease may present with abnormal urinary findings. A carefully performed urinalysis using physical, chemical, and microscopic examination is an easy and informative tool to the practicing physician [4]. The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends a urinalysis as a part of preventive pediatric health care at age 5 years and mid-adolescence [5]. An abnormal urinalysismay be the only presenting sign of chronic GN. The most common urinary abnormalities are hematuria and proteinuria. Hematuria may be gross or microscopic, discovered during a routine urinalysis.

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  • In spite of remarkable progress in drug therapy, childhood and adolescent epilepsy is often a distressing condition lasting several years before possible recovery. Adaptation problems to the disease and also to health recovery are likely to occur. Stigma and discrimination may persist also after recovery. 11,12 Depression in children and adolescents with epilepsy is a common but often unrecognized disorder. Both epilepsy and depression are characterized by a chronic course and poor long- term psychosocial outcome.

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